Macaroni pie

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Macaroni pie is a casserole dish based on baked macaroni and cheese.[1][2] Primary ingredients include elbow macaroni, cheese and milk. It is prepared in various regions of the world, and variations of the dish exist. For example, in Scotland, it is typically prepared using a Scotch pie crust, while in other areas no crust is used. Recipes from the 1800s in the United States include various meats, while contemporary versions may not include meats.

Preparation[edit]

A slice of macaroni pie

Typical ingredients in macaroni pie include macaroni noodles, cheese, milk, butter, flour, salt, pepper and various spices.[2] Additional ingredients sometimes used include onion and bread crumbs.[2] Other ingredients may also be used. It can be prepared as a low-fat dish using reduced fat cheese and skim milk.[2] Some versions, such as those in Scotland, are prepared using a pie crust,[3] while others are not.[4] It may be served sliced into wedges.[5]

By region[edit]

Caribbean[edit]

In the Caribbean, macaroni pie is typically prepared without using a pie crust.[6] In the Caribbean, it is sometimes consumed cold, which may be referred to as "Caribbean style".[6]

Barbados[edit]

Macaroni pie is a popular dish in Barbados, where it is commonly consumed as a side dish along with fried fish.[6] It is sometimes prepared as a spicy dish, using spices such as black pepper, curry powder and hot sauces.[6]

Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

The dish is very popular in Trinidad and Tobago and is often available as a common dish at lunches and dinners.[1] It has been described as a staple food in Tobago.[7] Cheddar cheese, a key ingredient in the dish, was brought to Trinidad by English peoples.[1] It is sometimes served as a side dish accompanied with stewed meats.[1]

Greece[edit]

Pastitsio is a type of macaroni pie in Greek cuisine prepared using elbow macaroni noodles and various additional ingredients.[8]

Italy[edit]

In Italian cuisine the macaroni pie (Italian: Pasticcio (or Timballo) di maccheroni) is a traditional dish in several cities, with a long tradition originating from the pastizzi prepared by the chefs active in the Italian courts of the Renaissance: the most well known, filled with pigeon meat and truffles, comes from Ferrara,[9] while also Rome (whose pasticcio, filled with chicken innards and topped with cream, has a clear Renaissance origin) Naples and Sicily have their own version.[10] [11] The Sicilian Timballo has been immortalised by Luchino Visconti in his movie Il Gattopardo.[11]

Scotland[edit]

In Scotland, macaroni pie is prepared by filling a Scotch pie shell with macaroni and cheese and baking it.[3][12][13] Greggs previously sold it in Scotland, but stopped doing so in June 2015, which spurred an online campaign and petition for the company to return the dish.[13] Several prominent Scottish politicians signed the petition, including Nicola Sturgeon, Ruth Davidson and Kezia Dugdale.[13]

United States[edit]

In the United States, macaroni pie has been and continues to sometimes be referred to as "baked macaroni and cheese".[2][14] It is a part of the cuisine of the Southern United States.[15] In the United States during the mid 1900s, the word "spaghetti" was typically used to refer to macaroni, and spaghetti noodles were used to prepare macaroni pie during this time period.[15] An American recipe from 1870 includes grated ham as an ingredient in the dish, and also calls for the meat from squirrels, birds or wild ducks.[16] An American recipe from 1892 includes pork and ham in the dish's preparation.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ganeshram, R.; Vellotti, J. P. (2005). Sweet Hands: Island Cooking from Trinidad & Tobago. The Hippocrene cookbook library. Hippocrene Books. p. 98. ISBN 978-0-7818-1125-5. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Rombauer, I. S.; Becker, M. R.; Becker, E.; Guarnaschelli, M. (1997). JOC All New Rev. – 1997. Scribner. p. 320. ISBN 978-0-684-81870-2. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Bartynek, Shirley (July 2, 2015). "Free macaroni pie for every reader in today's Hamilton Advertiser". Daily Record. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  4. ^ Rundell, M. E. K. (1844). A New System of Domestic Cookery: Founded Upon Principles of Economy, and Adapted to the Use of Private Families. Carey and Hart. p. 98. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  5. ^ DellaVecchia, D. (2012). The Diary of a Mad Chef: "A Collection of Culinary Treasures and Short Stories". Trafford Publishing. p. 149. ISBN 978-1-4669-4302-5. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d Spieler, M.; Barnhurst, N. (2013). Macaroni & Cheese. Chronicle Books LLC. pp. 104–105. ISBN 978-1-4521-2507-7. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  7. ^ O'Donnell, K. (2013). Tobago Adventure Guide. Hunter Publishing, Incorporated. p. pt117. ISBN 978-1-55650-127-2. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  8. ^ Joachim, D. (2005). The Church Supper Cookbook: A Special Collection of Over 400 Potluck Recipes from Families and Churches Across the Country. Rodale. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-59486-202-1. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  9. ^ Savoldi, Giovanna (1977). Cucina Emiliana e Romagnola (in Italian). Firenze: Edizioni del Riccio. p. 41. 
  10. ^ Boni, Ada (1983) [1930]. La Cucina Romana (in Italian). Roma: Newton Compton Editori. p. 201. 
  11. ^ a b Cardella, Giovanni. "Timballo del Gattopardo". Ricette di Sicilia. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  12. ^ "Eight Scottish foods that they're too scared to serve anywhere else". Herald Scotland. May 27, 2015. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c Wilkie, Stephen (June 25, 2015). "Fury as Greggs says bye-bye macaroni pie". Express.co.uk. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  14. ^ Fowler, D. (2014). Beans, Greens & Sweet Georgia Peaches: The Southern Way of Cooking Fruits and Vegetables. Globe Pequot Press. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-4930-1410-1. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  15. ^ a b Dupree, N. (2012). Mastering the Art of Southern Cooking. Gibbs Smith. p. pt654. ISBN 978-1-4236-2316-8. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  16. ^ Elliott, S. A. (1870). Mrs. Elliott's Housewife: Containing Practical Receipts in Cookery. Hurd & Houghton. p. 79. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  17. ^ Taylor, M. (1892). Letters to a Young Housekeeper. Cooking in America Series. Applewood Books. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-4290-1095-5. 

External links[edit]