Diospyros celebica

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"Makassar Ebony" redirects here. Not to be confused with Diospyros macassar, a junior synonym of D. rumphii.
Diospyros celebica
Diospyros celebica - Manado.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ebenaceae
Genus: Diospyros
Species: D. celebica
Binomial name
Diospyros celebica

Diospyros celebica (commonly known as black ebony[2] or Makassar ebony) is a species of flowering tree in the family Ebenaceae that is endemic to the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia. The common name Makassar ebony is for the main seaport on the island, Makassar.

Makassar ebony wood

Makassar ebony wood is variegated, streaky brown and black, and nearly always wide-striped. It is considered a highly valuable wood for turnery, fine cabinet work, and joinery, and is much sought for posts (床柱 (tokobashira)[3]) in traditional Japanese houses. Japan used to be the main importer of this wood. It is also used as a wood in fingerboards for guitars and other related instruments.

The tree grows up to 20 m (66 ft) high under favourable circumstances, although such trees are rarely seen nowadays. Since Makassar ebony has been a woodworkers' favourite for centuries, most of it has been felled and used in high-quality furniture. The wood is often defective, showing cracks, and in particular heart shakes and splits. It is not easy to dry and is best given ample time for this. Converting logs into boards as soon as possible is recommended.

Considered an exceptionally beautiful timber, ebony has been much appreciated by woodworkers all over the world through the past two centuries.[citation needed] It has now become very scarce; only small amounts are available on the market as the region of growth is quite restricted. Any ebony wood is already considered among the world's most expensive.[4] As a special subset of ebony, Makassar ebony is even more valuable.


  1. ^ "Diospyros celebica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T33203A9765120. 1998. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T33203A9765120.en. Retrieved April 12, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Diospyros celebica". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved June 17, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Search Key: とこばしら". WWWJDIC. Retrieved June 17, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Most Expensive Wood". SuccessStory.com. Retrieved December 20, 2016. 

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