Macau Light Rail Transit

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Macau Light Rapid Transit
Macau LRT logo.png
Overview
Locale Macau
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 2
Number of stations 21
Daily ridership N/A
Operation
Began operation 2019 or 2020[1]
Operation will start initial operation: 2019 or 2020,[1] with scaling up to full operation by the early 2020s[2]
Operator(s) TBD
Technical
System length 20 km (12 mi)
Track gauge N/A - rubber wheels
Macau Light Rapid Transit
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 澳門輕軌系統
Simplified Chinese 澳门轻轨系统
Portuguese name
Portuguese Metro Ligeiro de Macau

The Macau Light Rapid Transit or Macau LRT also known as Metro Ligeiro de Macau is a mass transit system in Macau under construction. It will serve the Macau Peninsula, Taipa and Cotai, serving major border checkpoints such as the Border Gate, the Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal, the Lotus Bridge Border and the Macau International Airport.

Although it is termed (輕軌 light rail), it is technically a light metro using people movers.

History[edit]

The LRT was first proposed in 2003 by the Macau SAR Government. After the original proposal was rejected by the public,[clarification needed] the decision to build the LRT was not made until October 2006.[citation needed] The LRT will improve transportation options between the Macau Peninsula, Taipa and Cotai, and relieve traffic congestion on roads and bridges. It will be the first rapid transit system in Macau.

Site investigation work started in 2008, main construction work began on 21 February 2012 in Taipa,[3] with the Taipa section to be operating by 2019 or 2020[1][needs update] and Macau Peninsula section to be operating sometime by the early 2020s. Despite the official schedule, analysts did project the initial phase to not be in operation until 2017.

Network[edit]

MTLine.png

The LRT will be a driverless rubber-tyred system, similar to the Singapore LRT. The Phase I line will run along elevated guideways separate from road traffic.

The LRT will consist of at least two phases:

  • Phase I Line (Macau-Taipa Line)
    Connecting major entry-exit points at the Macau Peninsula and the Taipa Island with residential and tourist areas. It will use reserved space in the lower deck of the Ponte de Sai Van (Sai Van Bridge) to connect to Taipa island.
  • Phase II Line (Loop Line)
    Connecting the Barrier gate to A-Ma Temple via the inner harbour area, eventually forming a loop on the Macau peninsula.

Rolling stock[edit]

Ocean Cruiser
Macau LRT Train.jpg
Manufacturer Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Constructed 2012-2016
Number built mockup car
Capacity 105
Operator(s) Macau LRT
Specifications
Car body construction Aluminum
Car length 11 metres (36 ft)
Width 3 metres (9.8 ft)
Height 4 metres (13 ft)
Doors 4 sets (2 sets per side) per car

The LRT will use Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Crystal Mover APM vehicles with rubber tyres running on concrete tracks.[4] Mitsubishi will supply 55 two-car trains that are fully automated (driverless) and utilise a rubber-tyred APM system.[5] They will have a capacity of up to 476 passengers.[4] The car is named Ocean Cruiser.[6]

Construction[edit]

The estimated construction cost for Phase 1 (with 21 stations) was revised in June 2011 from MOP 7.5 billion (about US$933 million) to MOP 11 billion (about US$1,370 million) including MOP 360 million for studies, MOP 4.9 billion for rolling stock and MOP 5.74 billion for construction.[7] The project will be financed by the Government of Macau and is scheduled to take about 48 months to complete. Construction of the Taipa section of Phase 1 started in late February 2012.[8]

Six design packages have been awarded and the open tenders were expected to be published by October 2011, starting by the Taipa packages C250 and C260.

January 19, 2015, the Third Special Audit Report on the First Phase of the Light Rail Transit System was published by the Commission of Audit, stating that the construction of the Macau Light Rail Transit is delayed by 883 days.[9]

Opening Line/Section Terminals Lengh(km) Stations Status Note
2019 or 2020[1] Macau-Taipa Line Phase I (Taipa section) Barra Terminal Marítimo da Taipa 9.3 11 Under Construction
early 2020s Macau-Taipa Line Phase I (East Macau section) Portas do Cerco Barra 11.7 10 To be confirmed
no timetable Macau-Taipa Line Phase II (West Macau section) Portas do Cerco Barra 4.5 6/7 Planned
Seac Pai Van and Coloane Line Posto Fronteiriço de Lótus Vila de Coloane 1.6 4 Planned
Hengqin Branch Line Posto Fronteiriço de Lótus Porto de Hengqin/Lianhua 3.3 3 Under Design
Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge Line Terminal Marítimo do Porto Exterior Ponte Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau 3 Planned
East Line >6 Long-term Planned
Taipa Northern Link >2 Long-term Planned

Power source[edit]

To power up the operation of the LRT, CEM will build two primary substations.[10]

Stations[edit]

Macau-Taipa Line Phase I[edit]

Phase I Macau LRT
Long-term plan Macau LRT

The Phase I Macau-Taipa Line will have 21 stations, two stations planned near the Macao Cultural Centre and near the Macau Government Headquarters on Avenida da Praia Grande having been scrapped in the 2009 review:

Station Name
Name in Chinese
1 Portas do Cerco / Border Gate 關閘 / 关闸
2 Hipódromo Leste / Racetrack East 馬場東 / 马场东
3 Jardim Areia Preta / Hac Sa Van Park 黑沙環公園 / 黑沙环公园
4 Terminal Marítimo do Porto Exterior / Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal 外港碼頭 / 外港码头
5 Lótus Dourado / Golden Lotus 金蓮花 / 金莲花
6 Centro de Ciência / Science Center 科學館 / 科学馆
7 Jardim das Artes / Arts Garden 藝園 / 艺园
8 Nam Van 南灣 / 南湾
9 Sai Van 西灣 / 西湾
10 Barra 媽閣 / 妈阁
11 Oceano / Ocean 海洋 / 海洋
12 Jockey Clube / Jockey Club 馬會 / 马会
13 Estádio / Stadium 運動場 / 运动场
14 Pai Kok 排角 / 排角
15 Cotai Oeste / Cotai West 路氹西 / 路氹西
16 Posto Fronteiriço de Lótus / Lotus Checkpoint 蓮花口岸 / 莲花口岸
17 Jogos da Ásia Oriental / East Asian Games 東亞運 / 东亚运
18 Cotai Leste / Cotai East 路氹東 / 路氹东
19 UCTM / MUST 科大 / 科大
20 Aeroporto / Airport 機場 / 机场
21 Terminal Marítimo da Taipa / Taipa Ferry Terminal 氹仔碼頭 / 氹仔码头

Macau-Taipa Line Phase II[edit]


Station Name
Name in Chinese
1 Portas do Cerco / Border Gate 關閘 / 关闸
2 Ilha Verde 青洲 / 青洲
3 Fai Chi Kei / Fai Chi Kei 筷子基 / 筷子基
4 Mercado Municipal Almirante Lacerda / Red Market 紅街市 / 红街市
5 Mercado Municipal do Patane / Patane Provisional Market 水上街市 / 水上街市
6 Ponte 16 十六號碼頭 / 十六号码头
7 Ponte e Horta 司打口 / 司打口
8 Praia do Manduco 下環 / 下环
9 Barra 媽閣 / 妈阁

Seac Pai Van and Coloane Line[edit]

/
Station Name
Name in Chinese
1 Posto Fronteiriço de Lótus / Lotus Checkpoint 蓮花口岸 / 莲花口岸
2 Hospital das Ilhas / Hospital of Islands 離島醫院 / 离岛医院
3 Seac Pai Van 石排灣 / 石排湾

Hengqin Branch Line[edit]

/
Station Name
Name in Chinese
1 Posto Fronteiriço de Lótus / Lotus Checkpoint 蓮花口岸 / 莲花口岸
2 Ponte Flor de Lótus / Lotus Bridge 蓮花大橋 / 莲花大桥
3 Porto de Hengqin/Lianhua / Hengqin Port/Lotus 橫琴口岸/蓮花 / 横琴口岸/莲花

Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge Line[edit]

/
Station Name
Name in Chinese
1 Terminal Marítimo do Porto Exterior / Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal 外港碼頭 / 外港码头
2 Ponte Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau / Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge 港珠澳大橋 / 港珠澳大桥

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "柳暗花明又一村 與承建商協議解約 輕軌車廠工程明年重啟 最快回歸二十年通車". Macao Daily News (Page A3). 2015-11-18.  (traditional Chinese)
  2. ^ "Railway Gazette: MHI wins Macau automated light metro contract". Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  3. ^ http://www.git.gov.mo
  4. ^ a b Mitsubishi wins LRT tender www.macaodailytimes.com 31/12/2010 03:00:00 Natalie Leung
  5. ^ Mitsubishi Press Information : http://www.mhi.co.jp/en/news/story/1103031410.html
  6. ^ http://www.git.gov.mo/en/news_detail.aspx?a_id=100262
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "Macau starts light rail construction". Macau News, 22 February 2012.
  9. ^ João Pedro Lau (Macau Daily Times) (2015-01-20). "Audit Report Predicts Massive LRT Budget Blowout". Retrieved 2015-01-29. 
  10. ^ http://macaudailytimes.com.mo/cem-cable-maintenance-strengthened-to-avoid-blackouts.html

External links[edit]