Macclesfield (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Macclesfield in Cheshire
Location of Cheshire within England
|Major settlements||Macclesfield, Poynton, Bollington and Prestbury|
|Member of Parliament||David Rutley (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||East Cheshire|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||East Cheshire|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 4.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 4.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 4.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 4.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 4.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 4.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 4.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 4.8 Election in the 1940s
- 4.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 4.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 4.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 4.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 5 Elections 1832-1895
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
1885-1918: The Municipal Boroughs of Congleton and Macclesfield, and parts of the Sessional Divisions of Northwich and Prestbury.
1918-1950: The Municipal Boroughs of Congleton and Macclesfield, the Urban Districts of Bredbury and Romiley, Buglawton, Compstall, Marple, and Yeardsley-cum-Whaley, the Rural District of Disley, in the Rural District of Congleton the civil parishes of Hulmo Walfield and Newbold Astbury, and part of the Rural District of Macclesfield.
1950-1974: The Municipal Boroughs of Congleton and Macclesfield, the Urban District of Bollington, and the Rural Districts of Disley and Macclesfield.
1974-1983: The Municipal Boroughs of Congleton and Macclesfield, the Urban Districts of Alderley Edge and Bollington, and the Rural Districts of Disley and Macclesfield.
1983-1997: The Borough of Macclesfield wards of Alderley Edge, Bollington Central, Bollington East, Bollington West, Disley, Gawsworth, Henbury, Macclesfield Central, Macclesfield East, Macclesfield North East, Macclesfield North West, Macclesfield South, Macclesfield West, Nether Alderley, Poynton Central, Poynton East, Poynton West, Prestbury, Rainow, and Sutton.
1997-2010: The Borough of Macclesfield wards of Bollington Central, Bollington East, Bollington West, Disley, Gawsworth, Henbury, Macclesfield Central, Macclesfield East, Macclesfield North East, Macclesfield North West, Macclesfield South, Macclesfield West, Poynton Central, Poynton East, Poynton West, Prestbury, Rainow, and Sutton.
2010–present: The Borough of Macclesfield wards of Bollington Central, Bollington East, Bollington West, Disley and Lyme Handley, Gawsworth, Henbury, Macclesfield Bollinbrook, Macclesfield Broken Cross, Macclesfield Central, Macclesfield East, Macclesfield Hurdsfield, Macclesfield Ivy, Macclesfield Ryles, Macclesfield South, Macclesfield Tytherington, Macclesfield West, Poynton Central, Poynton East, Poynton West, Prestbury, Rainow, and Sutton.
NB: The Borough of Macclesfield and its constituent wards were abolished on 1 April 2009, when they became part of the new unitary authority of Cheshire East.
The constituency covers the north-eastern part of the Cheshire East unitary authority, including the town of Macclesfield itself and the area surrounding it, such as Bollington and Prestbury, as well as Disley and Poynton. Much of the constituency is commuter territory for Manchester.
Macclesfield was first represented in Parliament after the Reform Act of 1832, from when it had two members of Parliament. This situation lasted until 1880, when after problems at the general election that year it was decided to declare the election void and suspend the writ of election (so no by-election could take place).
In September 1880 a Royal Commission was appointed to investigate further. A report of March 1881 confirmed the allegations of corruption. As a result, the borough constituency was disenfranchised for corruption. The disenfranchisement took effect on 25 June 1885, when the town was transferred to the East Cheshire constituency.
However under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 the Macclesfield constituency was recreated with extended boundaries, as a county division, later in 1885. From the 1885 general election it has elected one MP.
Macclesfield had long been considered to be a safe seat for the Conservative Party, having been held by them since the 1918 general election. Macclesfield itself is evenly split in terms of councillors between the Conservatives and Labour, but the smaller towns and rural villages like Prestbury, Gawsworth and Poynton that make up the bulk of the seat vote primarily for the Conservative Party. After the 2017 general election, however, the constituency is now a target seat for Labour, after they achieved a 7% swing in that election.
In the 2019 local elections, the Conservatives lost every councillor they had in the town of Macclesfield, with Labour making significant gains in areas they had never won before. The Conservatives largely maintained their vote in the villages outside Macclesfield, with the possible exceptions of Bollington and Disley, in which they came third behind Labour and Independent candidates.
During the 2016 EU membership referendum, the constituency voted narrowly to remain in the EU, despite the UK overall voting to leave.  Around 7,000 Maxonians subsequently signed a petition calling for a second referendum although it is estimated that 47% of the Macclesfield electorate voted to leave.
- Long-serving member (1971–2010)
Sir Nicholas Winterton who had been the Conservative MP, was first elected at a by-election in 1971 and held the seat until his retirement as an MP on the dissolution of the House of Commons in April 2010. Both Sir Nicholas and his wife Ann, Conservative MP for Congleton from 1983 to 2010, announced that they would not be candidates at the general election. On 17 October 2009 David Rutley was selected as the Conservative candidate by way of an open primary organised by the party and on 6 May 2010 was elected MP with an increased majority.
Members of Parliament
MPs 1832–1885: Macclesfield Parliamentary Borough
From 1832 until 1880, Macclesfield was represented by two members of parliament.
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||John Brocklehurst||Whig||John Ryle||Conservative|
|1868||William Brocklehurst||Liberal||David Chadwick||Liberal|
MPs since 1885: Macclesfield county constituency
- The Macclesfield constituency was recreated in 1885, and subsequently has elected one MP only.
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Neil Christian|
|Renew||Marcus Lonyon (provisional)|
The Renew Party has selected a prospective parliamentary candidate, Marcus Lonyon, but have expressed interest in a "Remain Alliance" with other pro-EU parties, and may ultimately choose not to stand their candidate.
On 11 October 2019, Nigel Farage announced that the Brexit Party would not stand candidates in the 317 seats that the Conservative Party won at the 2017 General Election, in order to avoid a Hung Parliament that he considered would stop Brexit from happening.
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Flowers||3,350||6.2||−1.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Neil Christian||3,842||7.7||−15.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Roger Barlow||11,544||23.1||+3.5|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Catherine O'Brien||8,918||19.5||+1.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Flynn||8,217||18.0||+1.3|
Elections in the 1990s
|Labour||Janet A. Jackson||18,234||33.6||+11.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Flynn||9,075||16.7||−3.3|
|Labour||Martina C. Longworth||13,680||21.7||+2.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul C.W. Beatty||12,600||20.0||−4.0|
|Natural Law||Cheryl A. Penn||268||0.4||+0.4|
Elections in the 1980s
|Labour||Peter B. Kelly||9,923||18.11|
Elections in the 1970s
|Liberal||Anthony J. Berry||11,726||17.09|
|Labour||Kenneth W. Little||18,592||29.49|
|Liberal||Anthony J. Berry||12,764||20.25|
|Liberal||Anthony J. Berry||15,926||23.80|
|Liberal||R. M. Hammond||5,991||10.73||-3.85|
|Anti-Common Market Party||Reginald Simmerson||976||1.75||N/A|
|English National Resurgence||Robert Goodall||92||0.16||N/A|
|Conservative||Arthur Vere Harvey||29,023||52.09|
|Labour||Basil S. Jeuda||18,571||33.33|
|Liberal||Robert M. Hammond||8,124||14.58|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Arthur Vere Harvey||24,736||46.84|
|Labour||Alec George Read||20,533||38.88|
|Liberal||Donald Fletcher Burden||7,545||14.29|
|Conservative||Arthur Vere Harvey||24,824||47.50|
|Labour||Denis W. Coe||18,464||35.33|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Arthur Vere Harvey||28,978||59.59|
|Labour||John F. Bex||19,652||40.41|
|Conservative||Arthur Vere Harvey||27,551||60.01|
|Conservative||Arthur Vere Harvey||29,434||59.03|
|Labour||Agnes E. Taylor||20,428||40.97|
|Conservative||Arthur Vere Harvey||25,781||50.93|
|Liberal||Clarence Frederick Doncaster||5,621||11.10|
Election in the 1940s
|Conservative||Arthur Vere Harvey||23,495||45.50|
|Labour||Harold Fraser Urquhart||20,442||39.59|
|Liberal||Edward Anthony Brooke Fletcher||7,702||14.92|
Elections in the 1930s
General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
|Conservative||W. Garfield Weston||unopposed||N/A||-|
|Liberal||John L. Poole||7,151||15.49||N/A|
|Labour||D. Scott Morton||13,854||31.03||+0.83|
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||Harry Krauss Nield||6,434||19.0||−15.4|
|Liberal||William Tudor Davies||11,259||34.4||+2.5|
|Labour||Andrew Joseph Penston||6,713||20.5||+0.5|
|Liberal||Thomas Artemus Jones||10,477||31.9||N/A|
|Labour||Andrew Joseph Penston||6,584||20.0||−21.8|
Elections in the 1910s
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Liberal: William Brocklehurst
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal||James Carlile McCoan||3,396||44.0||-1.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+8.2|
|Conservative||William Cunliffe Brooks||2,846||46.2||+0.1|
The writ was suspended after an investigation found extensive bribery and the 1880 election was void. Macclesfield was incorporated into Cheshire East from 25 June 1885, before being re-established for the 1885 election.
|Conservative||James Charles Whitehorne||2,188||20.7||+0.2|
|Turnout||5,278 (est)||99.5 (est)||+11.4|
|Turnout||5,483 (est)||88.1 (est)||+7.4|
|Turnout||3,821 (est)||80.7 (est)||−16.4|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.0|
|Turnout||916 (est)||97.1 (est)||N/A|
|Turnout||601 (est)||54.3 (est)||−22.5|
- Huggins resigned towards the close of the poll.
|Turnout||813 (est)||76.8 (est)||−3.9|
|Conservative gain from Radical||Swing||+3.3|
|Turnout||763 (est)||80.7 (est)||+9.6|
|Radical gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.6|
|Turnout||636 (est)||71.1 (est)|
|Liberal||R H Greg||292||n/a|
Notes and references
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "National Rail Enquiries - Official source for UK train times and timetables". www.nationalrail.co.uk. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- Greer, Stuart (3 January 2017). "MP to back Brexit regardless of Supreme Court decision". Macclesfield Express. Reach. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- "David Rutley adopted to succeed Sir Nicholas Winterton in Macclesfield". Conservative Home. 17 October 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 1)
- Churton, Edward (1836). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1836. p. 75. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "Macclesfield". Dublin Evening Post. 29 June 1841. p. 3. Retrieved 24 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 34–35. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Slosson, Preston William (1967). The Decline of the Chartist Movement. London: Frank Cass & Co. p. 94. ISBN 0714611042. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 254. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "Election Intelligence". Manchester Times. 31 July 1847. p. 6. Retrieved 24 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Prospective Parliamentary candidates chosen for Tatton and Macclesfield constituencies". cheshireeast.greenparty.org.uk. 10 October 2018. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
- "Rivals line up for potential election after Macclesfield Brexit protest". cheshire-live.co.uk. 13 September 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- "Who have Labour members picked to fight the general election target seats? - LabourList". labourlist.org. 29 January 2018. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- "Here's What Renew Can Bring To An Autumn Election". Renew Party.3
- "Macclesfield parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Macclesfield". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "The General Election". London Evening Standard. 31 March 1880. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 3 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Macclesfield". Wigan Observer and District Advertiser. 21 March 1873. p. 8. Retrieved 6 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Macclesfield". Evening Mail. 27 March 1857. p. 7. Retrieved 24 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Macclesfield Nomination". Nairnshire Telegraph and General Advertiser for the Northern Counties. 1 April 1857. p. 2. Retrieved 24 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "District News". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 3 July 1841. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 25 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- British parliamentary election results, 1832-1885 (Craig)