|Main ingredients||Fruits or vegetables|
Macedonia or macédoine is a salad composed of small pieces of fruit or vegetables. Fruit Macedonia is a fresh fruit salad and is a common dessert in Greece, Romania, Spain, France, Italy and Latin America. Vegetable Macedonia or Macédoine de légumes nowadays is usually a cold salad or hors d'oeuvre of diced vegetables, in France often including red beans. Macédoine de légumes is also a hot vegetable dish consisting of the same vegetables served with butter. Prepared macédoine, a mixture of diced vegetables and often peas, is often sold canned or frozen. It is sometimes mixed with mayonnaise combined with aspic stock, making it similar to Russian salad.
The word macedonia was popularised at the end of the 18th century to refer to mixed fruit salad, alluding to the diverse origin of the people of Alexander's Macedonian Empire. It is sometimes said that it refers to the ethnic mixture in 19th century Ottoman Macedonia. Macedoine can refer to any medley of unrelated things, not necessarily edible.
- "Make time for Macedonia" (January 28, 2006) The Times Archived March 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Larousse Gastronomique
- "Macédoine". Iga.net. Retrieved 2017-12-22.
- Juan Antonio Cincunegui (24 November 2002) "La palabra en el tiempo", Nuevo Siglo, Buenos Aires, Argentina
- Auguste Scheler (1888) Dictionnaire d'étymologie française d'après les résultats de la science moderne p. 313
- Alan Davidson, (1999) The Oxford Companion to Food, Oxford ISBN 0-19-211579-0. Littré. Larousse du XIXe. OED s. macedoine gives 1740 as the earliest French usage; the on-line edition (as of December 27, 2006) refers to the derivation from Alexander as "not fully established". The earliest English uses are from Henry Luttrell's poetry, in 1820; and his notes to the revised edition.