Macedonian-Adrianopolitan Volunteer Corps
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The Macedonian-Adrianopolitan Volunteer Corps (Bulgarian: Македоно-одринско опълчение, Makedono-odrinsko opalchenie) was a volunteer corps of the Bulgarian Army during the Balkan Wars. It was formed on 23 September 1912 and consisted of Bulgarian volunteers from Macedonia and Thrace, regions still under Ottoman rule, and thus not subject to Bulgarian military service.
The Commander of the Corps was Major General Nikola Genev, Assistant Commander - Colonel Aleksandar Protogerov. Chief of Staff was Major Petar Darvingov. During the Second Balkan War Macedonian-Adrianopolitan Volunteer Corps took part in the battles against Serbian Army. Besides Bulgarians, the corps also included volunteers from other nationalities, including a whole Armenian 2nd company led by Lieutenant Garegin Nzhdeh and Andranik Ozanian (in the 12th Lozengrad battalion or druzhina). There were many Armenians in the 3rd company led by Lieutenant Torgom(of the same 12th battalion of the 3rd Brigade). Another Armenian officer - Hovhannes Chaush led a company in the 7th battalion of 3rd Brigade.
Here are some facts about Macedonian-Adrianopolitan Volunteer Corps (23 Sep 1912 - 1 Oct 1913) - Personnel: 14 670, Bulgarians: 14 139 (11 470 were from Macedonia, 1 215 - from Thrace, and 2 512 - from Bulgaria). Foreigners: 656 (more than 400 Armenians, of which only 275 in the 2nd Armenian company, 82 Russians, 68 Romanians, 40 Serbians, 21 "Austro-Hungarians", 12 Montenegrins, 3 Greeks, 1 Albanian, 1 Englishman, 1 Italian, and a Persian).
Opalchenie Peak in Vinson Massif, Antarctica is named after the Bulgarian Volunteer Force in the 1877-1878 Russo-Turkish War and the Macedonian-Adrianople Volunteer Force in the 1912-1913 Balkan Wars.
- Darvingov, Petar. History of the Macedonian-Adrianopolitan Volunteer Corp (Volume 1, 1919, Volume 2, 1925)(Bulgarian)
- Македоно-одринското опълчение 1912-1913. Личен състав по документи на Дирекция "Централен военен архив", София 2006 (Macedonian-Adrianopolitan Volunteer Corps. Staff according to documents from Directorate Central Military Archives, Sofia 2006)
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