Macedonian parliamentary election, 2016

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Macedonian parliamentary election, 2016

← 2014 11 December 2016 2020 →

All 120 seats to the Sobranie
61 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Gruevski.jpg Zaev.jpg
Leader Nikola Gruevski Zoran Zaev
Party VMRO-DPMNE SDSM
Leader since 2003 2013
Last election 61 seats, 43.0% 34 seats, 25.3%
Seats won 51 49
Seat change Decrease10 Increase15
Popular vote 454,577 436,981
Percentage 39.39% 37.87%

  Third party Fourth party
  Ali Ahmeti.jpg
Leader Ali Ahmeti Bilal Kasami
Party BDI Besa Movement
Leader since 2002 2014
Last election 19 seats, 13.7% 0 seats, 0%
Seats won 10 5
Seat change Decrease9 Increase5
Popular vote 86,796 57,868
Percentage 7.52% 5.01%

MKD Elections 2016.png
Winning party by municipality
     VMRO-DPMNE      SDSM      DUI      BESA

Prime Minister before election

Emil Dimitriev
VMRO-DPMNE

Elected Prime Minister

Zoran Zaev
SDSM

Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of Macedonia

Early parliamentary elections were held in Macedonia on 11 December 2016,[1] having originally been planned for 24 April and later 5 June.[2] A re-run was held on 25 December 2016 in Tearce and Gostivar,[3] although the outcome was unchanged in Tearce, where the ruling VMRO-DPMNE maintained a small majority of the vote.

Although VPRO-DPMNE attempted to form a coalition with BDI, coalition talks broke down in late January 2017.[4] After that, the SDSM pursued informal coalition talks with the BDI, though as of late February 2017, coalition talks were frozen on the usage of the Albanian language.[5]

Background[edit]

The elections were called as part of an agreement brokered by the European Union to end the protests against the government of Nikola Gruevski.[6] The demonstrations were sparked by the wiretapping scandal involving high ranking politicians and security personnel.[7] From 20 October 2015, a transitional government was installed including the two main parties, VMRO-DPMNE and the Social Democratic Union (SDSM). A new special prosecutor was appointed to investigate Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski and government ministers. According to the Przino Agreement signed in mid-December 2015, Gruevski was required to resign as Prime Minister 120 days before the elections. Assembly speaker Trajko Veljanovski confirmed the date on 18 October.[1]

Electoral system[edit]

Of the 123 seats in the Assembly of the Republic, 120 are elected from six 20-seat constituencies in Macedonia using closed list proportional representation, with seats allocated using the d'Hondt method. The remaining three seats are single-member constituencies elected by first-past-the-post representing Macedonians living abroad, with one for Europe and Africa, one for the Americas and one for Asia and Australia.[8] However, the overseas seats would only be validated if voter turnout was sufficient. As it was not, the seats were not awarded.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
VMRO-DPMNE coalition 454,577 39.39 51 −10
Social Democratic Union coalition 436,981 37.87 49 +15
Democratic Union for Integration 86,796 7.52 10 −9
Besa Movement 57,868 5.01 5 New
Alliance for Albanians 35,121 3.04 3 New
Democratic Party of Albanians 30,964 2.68 2 −5
"VMRO for Macedonia" coalition 24,524 2.13 0 New
The Left 12,120 1.05 0 New
"CCJ–Third Block" coalition 10,028 0.87 0 New
Liberal Party 3,840 0.33 0 0
Party for Democratic Prosperity 1,143 0.10 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 37,870
Total 1,191,832 100 120 −3
Registered voters/turnout 1,784,416 66.79
Source: SEC

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Macedonia sets December 11 for snap elections Press TV, 18 October 2016
  2. ^ Statement by Commissioner Hahn and MEPs Vajgl, Howitt and Kukan: Agreement in Skopje to overcome political crisis European Commission, 15 July 2015
  3. ^ Macedonia: With Revote at Polling Station on Sunday, Distribution of Mandates Depends on Vote Count Independent.mk, 21 December 2016
  4. ^ "Macedonia's political crisis continues as conservatives fail to form coalition". Deutsche Welle. AP, dpa, Reuters. 30 January 2017. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  5. ^ Sinisa Jakov Marusic (20 February 2017). "Macedonia Govt Talks Stuck Over Albanian Language Demands". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
  6. ^ Macedonia unrest: EU brokers plan for early elections BBC News, 2 June 2015
  7. ^ Macedonia: Special Prosecutor Wins Standoff Over Wiretap Evidence OCCRP
  8. ^ Electoral system IPU