2016 Macedonian parliamentary election

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All 120 seats to the Sobranie
61 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Gruevski.jpg Zaev.jpg
Leader Nikola Gruevski Zoran Zaev
Leader since 2003 2013
Last election 61 seats, 43.0% 34 seats, 25.3%
Seats won 51 49
Seat change Decrease10 Increase15
Popular vote 454,577 436,981
Percentage 39.39% 37.87%

  Third party Fourth party
  Ali Ahmeti.jpg
Leader Ali Ahmeti Bilal Kasami
Party BDI Besa Movement
Leader since 2002 2014
Last election 19 seats, 13.7% 0 seats, 0%
Seats won 10 5
Seat change Decrease9 Increase5
Popular vote 86,796 57,868
Percentage 7.52% 5.01%

MKD Elections 2016.png
Winning party by municipality
     VMRO-DPMNE      SDSM      DUI      BESA

Prime Minister before election

Emil Dimitriev

Elected Prime Minister

Zoran Zaev

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Early parliamentary elections were held in Macedonia on 11 December 2016,[1] having originally been planned for 24 April and later 5 June.[2] A re-run was held on 25 December 2016 in Tearce and Gostivar,[3] although the outcome was unchanged in Tearce, where the ruling VMRO-DPMNE maintained a small majority of the vote.

Although VPRO-DPMNE attempted to form a coalition with BDI, coalition talks broke down in late January 2017.[4] After that, the SDSM pursued informal coalition talks with the BDI, though as of late February 2017, coalition talks were frozen on the usage of the Albanian language.[5]


The elections were called as part of an agreement brokered by the European Union to end the protests against the government of Nikola Gruevski.[6] The demonstrations were sparked by the wiretapping scandal involving high ranking politicians and security personnel.[7] From 20 October 2015, a transitional government was installed including the two main parties, VMRO-DPMNE and the Social Democratic Union (SDSM). A new special prosecutor was appointed to investigate Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski and government ministers. According to the Przino Agreement signed in mid-December 2015, Gruevski was required to resign as Prime Minister 120 days before the elections. Assembly speaker Trajko Veljanovski confirmed the date on 18 October.[1]

Electoral system[edit]

Of the 123 seats in the Assembly of the Republic, 120 are elected from six 20-seat constituencies in Macedonia using closed list proportional representation, with seats allocated using the d'Hondt method. The remaining three seats are single-member constituencies elected by first-past-the-post representing Macedonians living abroad, with one for Europe and Africa, one for the Americas and one for Asia and Australia.[8] However, the overseas seats would only be validated if voter turnout was sufficient. As it was not, the seats were not awarded.


Party Votes % Seats +/–
VMRO-DPMNE coalition 454,577 39.39 51 −10
Social Democratic Union coalition 436,981 37.87 49 +15
Democratic Union for Integration 86,796 7.52 10 −9
Besa Movement 57,868 5.01 5 New
Alliance for Albanians 35,121 3.04 3 New
Democratic Party of Albanians 30,964 2.68 2 −5
"VMRO for Macedonia" coalition 24,524 2.13 0 New
The Left 12,120 1.05 0 New
"CCJ–Third Block" coalition 10,028 0.87 0 New
Liberal Party 3,840 0.33 0 0
Party for Democratic Prosperity 1,143 0.10 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 37,870
Total 1,191,832 100 120 −3
Registered voters/turnout 1,784,416 66.79
Source: SEC


  1. ^ a b Macedonia sets December 11 for snap elections Press TV, 18 October 2016
  2. ^ Statement by Commissioner Hahn and MEPs Vajgl, Howitt and Kukan: Agreement in Skopje to overcome political crisis European Commission, 15 July 2015
  3. ^ "Macedonia: With Revote at Polling Station on Sunday, Distribution of Mandates Depends on Vote Count Independent.mk, 21 December 2016". Archived from the original on 27 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  4. ^ "Macedonia's political crisis continues as conservatives fail to form coalition". Deutsche Welle. AP, dpa, Reuters. 30 January 2017. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  5. ^ Sinisa Jakov Marusic (20 February 2017). "Macedonia Govt Talks Stuck Over Albanian Language Demands". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
  6. ^ Macedonia unrest: EU brokers plan for early elections BBC News, 2 June 2015
  7. ^ Macedonia: Special Prosecutor Wins Standoff Over Wiretap Evidence OCCRP
  8. ^ Electoral system IPU