Mach (crater)

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Mach LRO WAC.jpg
LRO image
Coordinates 18°30′N 149°18′W / 18.5°N 149.3°W / 18.5; -149.3Coordinates: 18°30′N 149°18′W / 18.5°N 149.3°W / 18.5; -149.3
Diameter 180 km
Depth Unknown
Colongitude 152° at sunrise
Eponym Ernst Mach
Highly oblique Lunar Orbiter 5 view of southern Mach crater, facing west.
Oblique Lunar Orbiter 5 view of Mach crater.

Mach is a large lunar crater of the class known as a walled plain. It is located on the far side of the Moon and cannot be viewed directly from the Earth. Nearby craters of note include Joule to the northeast, Mitra attached to the western outer rim, and Henyey to the southwest.

This is a prominent but eroded formation with multiple craters along the rim and interior. The crater Harvey breaks across the eastern rim, and its outer rampart spills across the interior floor of Mach. The overall shape of Mach resembles a pear, with a prominent outward bulge to the northeast. Such a bulge can be caused by a second, merged crater. The northern edge is also the most worn and overlain by impacts.

The interior of Mach is marked by several small craters, particularly in the northeastern bulge. Several craters also lie along the edges to the west and northwest. The remainder of the interior floor is relatively level, when compared to the terrain that surrounds Mach. There is a formation of central ridges near the midpoint of the crater that create a large number of unexplained magnetic anomalies.[citation needed] (Or at least the center if the northeastern bulge is disregarded.)

Mach lies to the northeast of the Dirichlet–Jackson Basin.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Mach.

Mach Latitude Longitude Diameter
H 14.9° N 144.1° W 40 km