|• Total||13.48 km2 (5.20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||136 m (446 ft)|
|• Density||4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Macherla is a town in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the 12 municipalities in the district and the headquarters of Macherla mandal in Gurazala revenue division.
As of 2011[update] census of India, the city had a population of 57,290 with 14,572 households. The total population constitute, 28,454 males and 28,836 females, —a sex ratio of 1013 females per 1000 males. 6,430 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 3,314 are boys and 3,116 are girls, —a ratio of 940 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 71.13% with 36,176 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.
It is the capital of the region Palnadu. The name Macherla originated from Mahadevi Cherla. This town is in the heart of Palnadu, and has a history of over a thousand years. The famous battle Palnati Yudhdham (War of Palnadu) took place between Macherla and Gurajala between 1176 AD - 1182 AD. The Palnadu Battle is also called the Andhra Mahabharatam because of several similarities. The town is renowned for the Chennakesava Swamy temple built here during the reign of the Haihaya Kings.
Sri Laxmi Chennakesava Swamy Temple was built around the 13th century A.D and renovated by Reddi King "Peruri Muktiraju". Another temple dedicated to Veerabhadraswamy is located in the Old town. It was built in the 18th century A.D. Laxmi Chennakesava Swamy temple was built around the 13th century A.D in Nagulavaram village, located 12 km from Macherla town.
Nagarjunakonda Museum Nagarjunakonda, meaning the hill of Nagarjuna, was named after the Buddhist scholar and savant Acharya Nagarjuna. It was a great religious centre promoting Brahmanism and Buddhist faiths, moulding the early phases of art and architecture affiliated with them. The Ethipothala Falls lies 8 km from Macherla, is a mountain stream cascading down the hills as Chandravanka and Suryavanka streams. The Suryavanka falls from a height of 21 meters into a lagoon and joins River Krishna.
- "District Census Handbook - Guntur" (PDF). Census of India. p. 46. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "New Gurazala revenue division created". The Hindu (Gurazala (Guntur District)). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
- "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Macherla, India". fallingrain.com.
- "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official Portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. p. 43. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- "South Indian Inscriptions - Volume 10 - Reddy Dynasties Inscriptions @ whatisindia.com". whatisindia.com.
- "Ethipothala" (PDF). Census of India. p. 7. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
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