|• Total||13.48 km2 (5.20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||136 m (446 ft)|
|• Density||4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
As of 2011[update] census of India, the city had a population of 1,06,289. The average literacy rate stands at 71.13% with 86,176 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.
It is capital of the region Palnadu. The name Macherla originated from Mahadevi Cherla. This town is in the heart of Palnadu, and has a history of over a thousand years. The famous battle Palnati Yudhdham (War of Palnadu) took place between Macherla and Gurajala between 1176 AD - 1182 AD. The Palnadu Battle is also called the Andhra Mahabharatam because of several similarities. The town is renowned for the Chennakesava Swamy temple built here during the reign of the Haihaya Kings.
Sri Laxmi Chennakesava Swamy Temple was built around the 13th century A.D and renovated by Reddi King "Peruri Muktiraju". Another temple dedicated to Veerabhadraswamy is located in the Old town. It was built in the 18th century A.D. Laxmi Chennakesava Swamy temple was built around the 13th century A.D in Nagulavaram village, located 12 km from Macherla town.
Nagarjunakonda Museum Nagarjunakonda, meaning the hill of Nagarjuna, was named after the Buddhist scholar and savant Acharya Nagarjuna. It was a great religious centre promoting Brahmanism and Buddhist faiths, moulding the early phases of art and architecture affiliated with them. The Ethipothala Falls lies 8 km from Macherla, is a mountain stream cascading down the hills as Chandravanka and Suryavanka streams. The Suryavanka falls from a height of 21 meters into a lagoon and joins River Krishna.
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.
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- "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "New Gurazala revenue division created". The Hindu. Gurazala (Guntur District). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
- "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Macherla, India". fallingrain.com.
- "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official Portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. p. 43. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- "South Indian Inscriptions - Volume 10 - Reddy Dynasties Inscriptions @ whatisindia.com". whatisindia.com.
- "Ethipothala" (PDF). Census of India. p. 7. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "School Eduvation Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
- "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
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