Machiko Kyō

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Machiko Kyō
京 マチ子
Machiko Kyō 1959.jpg
Kyō in 1959
Born(1924-03-25)March 25, 1924
Osaka, Japan
DiedMay 12, 2019(2019-05-12) (aged 95)
Tokyo, Japan
OccupationActress
Years active1936–2006

Machiko Kyō (Japanese: 京 マチ子, Hepburn: Kyō Machiko, March 25, 1924 – May 12, 2019) was a Japanese actress who was active primarily in the 1950s.

Early life and education[edit]

Kyō, an only child, was born Yano Motoko in Osaka in 1924. Her father left when she was five years old, and she was raised by her mother and grandmother. She adopted Machiko Kyō as her stage name when she entered the Osaka Shochiku Kagekidan in 1936 at age 12. She trained as a revue dancer before entering the film industry through Daiei Film in 1949. Two years later, she achieved international fame as the female lead in Akira Kurosawa's film Rashomon, which won first prize at the Venice Film Festival and stunned audiences with its nonlinear narrative.[1]

Career[edit]

Kyō starred in many more Japanese productions, including Kenji Mizoguchi's Ugetsu (1953), Teinosuke Kinugasa's Gate of Hell (1953), Kon Ichikawa's Odd Obsession (1959), and Yasujirō Ozu's Floating Weeds (1959).

Her sole role in a non-Japanese film was as Lotus Blossom, the young geisha in The Teahouse of the August Moon (1956) opposite Marlon Brando and Glenn Ford, for which she received a Golden Globe nomination.

Kyō continued to act through her 80s. Her final role was as Matsuura Shino in the NHK television drama series Haregi Koko Ichiban in 2000. In 2017, she was presented with an award of merit at the 40th Japanese Academy Awards.[2] After retiring from film, she moved back to Osaka, where she resided until her death.

Personal life[edit]

Kyō never married, although her romantic relationship with Daiei's president Masaichi Nagata was well-publicized in Japan.

Kyō died from heart failure on May 12, 2019.[3] She was 95.[4][5]

Selected filmography[edit]

1950 movie Rashomon with Toshiro Mifune
1953 movie Jigokumon with Kazuo Hasegawa

Films[edit]

  • Hana kurabe tanuki-goten (1949) - Aiai, witch
  • Chijin no ai (1949) - Naomi
  • Harukanari haha no kuni (1950) - Mari, daughter
  • Fukkatsu (1950) - Yukiko Ohara
  • Rashomon (1950) - Masako Kanazawa
  • Hi no tori (1950)
  • Itsuwareru seiso (1950) - Kimicho
  • Koi no Oranda-zaka (1951) - Chigusa
  • Jiyû gakkô (1951) - Yuri
  • Joen no hatoba (1951)
  • Mesu inu (1951) - Emmy
  • Genji monogatari (1951) - Awaji no ue
  • Bakurô ichidai (1951) - Yuki
  • Asakusa kurenaidan (1952) - Ryûko Beni
  • Daibutsu kaigen (1952) - Mayame
  • Nagasaki No Uta Wa Wasureji (1952) - Okumura, Ayako
  • Taki no Shiraito (1952) - Taki no Shiraito
  • Bijo to touzoku (1952) - Sakin
  • Kanojo no tokudane (1952)
  • Ugetsu (1953) - Lady Wakasa
  • Older Brother, Younger Sister (1953) - Mon
  • Gate of Hell (1953) - Kesa
  • Aru onna (1954) - Yoko Hayazuki
  • Shunkin monogatari (1954) - Shunkin
  • Asakusa no yoru (1954) - Setsuko Takashima
  • The Princess Sen (1954) - the princess Sen
  • Bazoku geisha (1954) - Nobukichi
  • A Girl Isn't Allowed to Love (1955) - Sachiko Nonomiya
  • Princess Yang Kwei-Fei (1955) - Princess Yang Kwei-fei
  • Tōjūrō no Koi (1955) - Okaji
  • Shin, Heike monogatari: Yoshinaka o meguru sannin no onna (1956) - Tomoe
  • Niji ikutabi (1956) - Momoko Mizuhara
  • Street of Shame (1956) - Mickey
  • Tsukigata Hanpeita: Hana no maki; Arashi no maki (1956) - Hagino
  • The Teahouse of the August Moon (1956) - Lotus Blossom
  • Itohan monogatari (1957) - Okatsu
  • Odoriko (1957) - Chiyomi Hanamura
  • Jigoku bana (1957) - Sute
  • Yoru no chô (1957) - Mari
  • The Hole (1957) - Nagako Kita
  • Yūrakuchō de Aimashō (1958) - Aya Koyanagi
  • Sorrow Is Only for Women (1958) - Michiko
  • The Loyal 47 Ronin (1958) - Orui (spy)
  • Haha (1958) - Takako Ômachi
  • Ôsaka no onna (1958) - Osen
  • Akasen no hi wa kiezu (1958) - Nobuko Araki
  • Yoru no sugao (1958) - Akemi
  • Satsujin to kenjû (1958)
  • Musume no boken (1958)
  • Anata to watashi no aikotoba: Sayônara, konnichiwa (1959) - Umeko Ichige
  • Sasameyuki (1959) - Sachiko
  • Onna to Kaizoku (1959) - Ayaginu / Oito
  • Yoru no togyo (1959) - Ryoko Kashiwabara
  • Jirôchô Fuji (1959) - Okatsu
  • Odd Obsession (1959) - Ikuko / Wife
  • Floating Weeds (1959) - Sumiko
  • Jokyo (1960) - Omitsu
  • Ruten no ôhi (1960) - Ryûko Korinkakura (Hiroko Aishinkakura)
  • Bonchi (1960) - Ofuku
  • San'nin no kaoyaku (1960) - Chizuru
  • Ashi ni sawatta onna (1960) - Saya Shiozawa
  • Oden jigoku (1960) - Oden Takahashi
  • Konki (1961) - Shizu, Takuo's wife
  • Nuregami botan (1961) - Kiyomigata no Omon
  • Onna no kunshô (1961) - Shikiko Ohba
  • Kodachi o tsukau onna (1961) - Ritsu Ikeda
  • Buda (1961) - Nandabala
  • Black Lizard (1962) - Mrs. Midorikawa
  • Shin no shikôtei (1962)
  • Onna no issho (1962) - Kei
  • Budda (1962)
  • Nyokei kazoku (1963) - Fujiyo Yajima
  • Sweet Sweat (1964) - Umeko
  • Gendai inchiki monogatari: Dotanuki (1964)
  • The Face of Another (1966) - Mrs. Okuyama
  • Jinchoge (1966) - Kikuko, Ueno, 1st Daughter
  • Chiisai tôbôsha (1966) - Yayoi Yamamura
  • Senba zuru (1969) - Chikako Kurimoto
  • Genkai yûkyôden: Yabure kabure (1970) - Sue Yoshida
  • Karei-naru ichizoku (1974) - Aiko Takasu
  • Kinkanshoku (1955) - Prime Minister's wife
  • Kenji Mizoguchi: The Life of a Film Director (1975, documentary) - Herself
  • Yoba (1976) - Oshima
  • Tora's Pure Love (1976) - Aya Yagyû
  • Kesho (1984) - Tsune Tsutano

Television[edit]

Honors[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Rashomon effect
  2. ^ "会長特別賞". Japan Academy Film Prize. Japan Academy Film Prize. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  3. ^ Sandomir, Richard, Machiko Kyo, Star of ‘Rashomon’ and Other Films, Dies at 95, The New York Times, May 17, 2019
  4. ^ 女優の京マチ子さん 心不全で死去 95歳 「羅生門」などに出演 (in Japanese). 14 May 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  5. ^ Machiko Kyō dead at 95

External links[edit]