|Directed by||Andrés Wood|
|Produced by||Andrés Wood
|Written by||Roberto Brodsky
Eliseo Altunaga (consultant)
|Music by||Miguel Miranda
José Miguel Tobar
|Cinematography||Miguel Ioann Littin Menz|
|Edited by||Fernando Pardo
|Distributed by||Menemsha Entertainment|
|Box office||$3,187,700 (worldwide)|
Machuca is a 2004 Chilean film written and directed by Andrés Wood. Set in 1973 Santiago during Salvador Allende's socialist government and shortly after General Augusto Pinochet's military coup in 1973, the film tells the story of two friends, one of them the very poor Pedro Machuca who is integrated into the elite school of his friend Gonzalo Infante. The social integration project is headed by the director of the school, Father McEnroe.
The film is dedicated to Father Gerardo Whelan, C.S.C. who from 1969 to 1973 was the director of Colegio Saint George (Saint George's College), the private school in Santiago that the film's director attended as a boy.
Machuca performed well in theaters in Chile, but did not have notable box office success outside of Latin America.
The film is from the perspective of Gonzalo Infante, a privileged Chilean boy, during a time period in which the lower classes are politically mobilized, demanding more rights and forcing fundamental change. At the same time the upper middle class, including Gonzalo's own family, grow fearful of the growing socialist movement and plot against the country's elected president, Salvador Allende. Gonzalo's father, while sympathetic to the poor and not part of the right-wing movement, wants to leave the country to Italy, where he frequently travels for work, to avoid the Socialist policies. Sra. Infante is having an affair with a wealthy older gentleman, who gives Gonzalo gifts to keep him quiet. Gonzalo is sometimes bullied by his sister's boyfriend, who is a violent anti-Allende right-winger who uses nun-chucks to intimidate people. The family often buys products off of the black market, due to rationing and shortages.
Gonzalo Infante attends a private school where the principal, Father McEnroe, introduces five new, poor students. Gonzalo refuses to bully one of these boys, Pedro Machuca, when encouraged by his peers. The two boys become friends. Infante accompanies Machuca, and Machuca's cousin Silvana, as they sell flags at rival political protests. Despite Silvana's initial resentment of Infante's upper-class background, she eventually befriends him and they even exchange kisses. Infante and Machuca visit each other's homes, and meet each other's families.
However, as political unrest grows throughout the movie, the boys' friendship begins to be tested. Machuca's drunk father taunts him, telling him that while Gonzalo and his friends will grow up wealthy, he will be stuck in the lower class cleaning toilets. The upper-class parents of the students at the school are divided on the issue of the new poor students. While some, such as Sr. Infante, support Father McEnroe's policies, many, including Sra. Infante, think that the classes should be segregated. Sra. Infante also encounters Silvana while at a political rally. Although she initially defends the girl from her friends, she eventually is provoked into attacking her. Meanwhile, the school's farming project fails, meaning that they will not be able to keep paying for the poorer students. As class tensions increase, Infante and his friends get into a fight and are driven apart.
The boys witness their country's military coup, where Salvador Allende commits suicide and Augusto Pinochet takes over. Father McEnroe is fired from the newly militarized school, and Machuca is expelled for leading the other students in honoring the priest. Infante tries to visit the shantytown where Machuca and Silvana live, but arrives to find it being destroyed by the soldiers. He then witnesses a soldier murdering Silvana. Infante manages to convince a soldier that he is not from the shantytown due to his nice clothing and fair complexion, and is forced to abandon his friend. He returns to his family's new home, which is now even more opulent thanks to his mother's lover and the new system of government. He remains distraught over the events he has witnessed as he remembers his friends as he stares down at the ruins of their homes.
- Ariel Mateluna as Pedro Machuca
- Matías Quer as Gonzalo Infante
- Manuela Martelli as Silvana
- Ernesto Malbran as Father McEnroe
- Aline Küppenheim as María Luisa Infante
- Federico Luppi as Roberto Ochagavía
Awards and nominations
- "Machuca (2005)". Box Office Mojo. 10 February 2005. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "23rd Vancouver International Film Festival Breaks Records" (PDF) (Press release). Vancouver International Film Festival. 13 October 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Machuca at the Internet Movie Database
- Machuca in Wood Producciones
- Machuca in the Philadelphia Film Festival
- "Chilean movie recalls U.S. priest's presence amid turbulence of coup" 22 November 2005, www.georgiabulletin.org