|Maciej Marian Giertych|
|Member of the European Parliament
24 March 1936 |
|Political party||League of Polish Families|
|Spouse(s)||Antonina Giertych née Jachink|
|Alma mater||Oxford University, University of Toronto|
Maciej Marian Giertych (['mat͡ɕej ˈmarjan ˈɡʲɛrtɨx], born March 24, 1936 in Warsaw) is a Polish dendrologist and social conservative politician of the League of Polish Families (LPR). He favours state intervention in the economy. He was a member of the Sejm (between 2001 and 2004) and a Polish member of the European Parliament (from 2004 to 2009). He was a candidate in the 2005 Polish presidential elections, but withdrew from the race because of low vote results (circa 3%).
Maciej Giertych was born March 24, 1936 in Warsaw, the son of notable writer politician of the nationalist National Democracy movement Jędrzej Giertych and his wife Maria. Giertych, one of nine children, including his brother Wojciech Giertych, O.P., Theologian of the Papal Household and professor of theology at the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum in Rome. Two of his sisters also entered religious life.
In late 1945 his family left Poland for post-war Germany's British zone and finally settled in the United Kingdom. In 1954 Giertych passed his final school exams and entered Oxford University, where he founded the Polish Students Club during his studies. He received the BA and MA in forestry. Between 1958 and 1962 he studied at the University of Toronto, where he received his PhD for studies on tree physiology.[need quotation to verify]
In 1962 Giertych returned to Poland, where he completed his qualifications for an assistant professorship at the Institute of Dendrology of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Kórnik near Poznań. In 1964 he married Antonina Giertych, née Jachnik. In 1970 he received his Habilitation degree for his studies on forest genetics at the Agricultural University of Poznań. Since 1976 he has lectured at the Nicolaus Copernicus University of Toruń. He has also published more than 200 works and studies, mostly on forest-related topics. The same year he became a member of the Forest Sciences Committee of the PAN. In 1981 he received the grade of associate professor and in November 1989 of full professor.
In 1986 Giertych joined the advisory council (Rada Konsultacyjna), made up of opposition members and party officials set up by the leader of the communist authorities, Wojciech Jaruzelski. He continuously showed his support for General Jaruzelski, and supported the alliance between Poland and the Soviet Union. The council included several prominent Poles such as Marek Kotański, Krzysztof Skubiszewski and Kazimierz Dejmek, but also leading members of the communist party. He also served as the Polish representative to the International Union of Forest Research Organisations from 1986 to 1995.
After the fall of the communist regime in Poland in 1990, Giertych continued his scientific work; between 1993 and 2000 he was an advisor to the Ministry of Environmental Affairs. In 1990 he was a member of one of the minor political parties, the National Party of Poland (Stronnictwo Narodowe). Most of its members eventually entered the League of Polish Families (LPR) and dissolved the National Party.
On September 23, 2001, Giertych was elected to the Polish Parliament from a Poznań constituency. On June 16, 2004, he became a Member of the European Parliament for the LPR. Together with the rest of his party he sits as a Non-attached Member. Giertych comes from a prominent family of Polish nationalist politicians: he is the grandson of Franciszek Giertych and son of Jędrzej Giertych, and father of Roman Giertych, who led the LPR in the past.
Maciej Giertych opposed lifting the ban on purchase of land in Poland by foreigners (due to fears of resurgence of German colonialism), homosexuality and moral relativism. He criticized and opposed Poland's entry into the European Union. He has supported closer ties with Eastern European countries (especially Russia), as well as defending Polish industry against what he regards as the unfair practices of western companies. He is also against the proposed European Constitution. In general, the views of Maciej Giertych are in line with the ideology of Radio Maryja, a media group and political-religious channel of religiously conservative parties in Poland.
During his discourse Giertych however had explicitly condemned National Socialism and insisted Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler also had an "atheistic and socialistic taste about them". He also praised Francisco Franco, Antonio Salazar and Éamon de Valera, as guardsmen of traditional European values, in the same address to the European Parliament.
In February 2007, Giertych sparked outrage among European Union officials and Jewish organizations by publishing a brochure called "Civilisations at war in Europe" that claimed Jews create their own "ghettos" because they supposedly prefer to separate themselves from others. A number of journalists and certain Jewish organizations considered the brochure to be anti-Semitic.
During the European Parliament's session on 14 March 2007, Parliament's President Hans-Gert Pöttering reprimanded Maciej Giertych for the content of his pamphlet in accordance with Rule 147 of the EP's Rules of Procedure. He said that the publication was "a serious breach of fundamental rights and, in particular, the dignity of human beings to which our institution so strongly adheres". Pöttering dissociated the Parliament from the work saying that it had made no financial contribution to its publication. Several members of the Parliament have joined with the European Jewish Congress in calling for an investigation of the publishing of the pamphlet and whether Parliament funds were involved.
Giertych supports a version of creationism that attributes the creation of the universe, life, and its further development to an act of God's will. He is an honorary member of the Daylight Origins Society, a creationist organisation based in the United Kingdom.
In 2006, Giertych rebutted the accusation that he advocated teaching creationism in schools. He stated, "I am a scientist — a population geneticist with a degree from Oxford University and a PhD from the University of Toronto — and I am critical of the theory of evolution as a scientist, with no religious connotation."
On October 11, 2006, Giertych introduced and moderated a pro-creationist seminar held in Brussels for members of the European Parliament; The title of the presentation was Teaching evolutionary theory in Europe. Is your child being indoctrinated in the classroom?
In 2008 Giertych appeared in Ben Stein's movie "Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed" (credited as Marciej Giertych). The documentary features Giertych talking about his views on the theory of evolution.
- "New theologian appointed for papal household". Catholic World News. Catholic Culture.org. 1 December 2005. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
- Mickens, Robert (10 December 2005). "Vatican names new papal theologian". The Tablet. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
- Profile at Nauka Polska website
- Wojciech Czuchnowski: Jak Giertych wspierał stan wojenny i ZSRR at Gazeta.pl, 21 January 2005.
- Maciej Giertych - biografia - Biography at Giertych's official website
- Profile of Stronnictwo Narodowe at the Polska Partia Narodowa website
- Mariusz Urbanek: Giertychowie: Maciej i Roman - Dekalog rodzinny at Polityka.pl, 7 March 2007.
- Wprost.pl: Maciej Giertych złożył hołd gen. Franco, 17 July 2006.
- Polish EU legislator's anti-Semitic booklet sparks outrage - Haaretz - Israel News
- The President of the European Parliament
- "Dateline World Jewry", April 2007, World Jewish Congress
- Beatriz Navarro: Todos contra Darwin, que empiece el debate at prensa.com, 29 October 2006.
- Maciej Giertych (1999). "Creation Rediscovered, by Gerard J. Keane; Foreword by Professor Maciej Giertych". TAN Books & Publishers, Rockford, IL. Retrieved 2008-09-08.
- Maciej Giertych (15 November 2006). "Creationism, evolution: nothing has been proved". Nature. Nature 444, 265. 444: 265. doi:10.1038/444265d.
- Ulirch Kutschera (2006). "Devolution and Dinosaurs, The Anti-Evolution Seminar in the European Parliament". National Center for Science Education. Retrieved 2008-09-07.
- Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed at the IMDb
- personal website (Polish & English)
- League of Polish Families (Polish)
- Maciej Giertych – "Poland above all!"
- Maciej Giertych – Speech in European Parliament, 4 July 2006, about the Spanish Civil War
- Skeptics: scientists who are skeptical of the claims of Darwinism, abiogenesis or macroevolution
- Graebsch A, Schiermeier Q (November 2006). "Anti-evolutionists raise their profile in Europe". Nature. 444: 406–407. doi:10.1038/444406a. PMID 17122815.
- Civilisations at war in Europe