Macintosh LC II

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Macintosh LC II / Performa 400 / Performa 405 / Performa 410 / Performa 430
Macintosh LC II.jpg
Macintosh LC II
DeveloperApple Computer
Product familyLC, Performa
Release dateMarch 23, 1992 (1992-03-23)
Introductory priceUS$1,699 (equivalent to $3,280 in 2021)
DiscontinuedMarch 15, 1993 (1993-03-15)
Operating systemSystem 7.0.1 - Mac OS 7.6.1
(can also run System 6.0.8)
CPUMotorola 68030 @ 16 MHz
Memory4 MB, expandable to 10 MB (30-pin SIMM)
DimensionsHeight: 2.9 inches (7.4 cm)
Width: 12.2 inches (31 cm)
Depth: 15.3 inches (39 cm)
Mass8.8 pounds (4.0 kg)
PredecessorMacintosh LC
SuccessorMacintosh LC III

The Macintosh LC II is a personal computer designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer from March 1992 to March 1993. The LC II is an update to the original Macintosh LC, replacing its Motorola 68020 processor with a 68030 and increasing the onboard memory to 4 MB. The LC II was priced at US$1,699, fully $800 less than the original LC when it was introduced.[1]

In September 1992, Apple introduced the Macintosh Performa family of consumer-oriented computers. The LC II was repackaged as the Performa 400. When LC II was replaced by the Macintosh LC III in early 1993, the LC II was discontinued in North America, and two new Performa models (the 405 and 430) were introduced in its place. In October, the Performa 400, 405 and 430 were all discontinued and a new LC II-based model called the Performa 410 was introduced which became Apple's new entry-level computer.[2] The LC II continued to be sold in some markets for some time after that.

The LC II was Apple's highest-selling Macintosh product in 1992.[3]

Overview[edit]

The LC II retains the original LC's 16-bit system bus and 10 MB RAM limit, making its performance roughly the same as the earlier model. The main benefit of the 68030 processor in the LC II is its onboard paged memory management unit, which System 7 uses to enable its new virtual memory feature.[4] Apple had opted to get a quick update to the LC out the door instead of spending the additional time required to do a full architectural update,[5] which would happen the following year with the Macintosh LC III.

The LC II was sold at the same time as the Macintosh IIsi, which was more than $800 more expensive than the LC II, but did not have its 10 MB memory limit, 16-bit data bus, and mono audio output. The IIsi also includes a NuBus expansion slot that the LC II lacks, and can be powered on via a button on the keyboard, unlike the LC range which has a power switch on the back of the unit.

Hardware[edit]

Front view of the manual-inject (left) and auto-inject (right) bezels of the LC II

Case: The LC II retains its predecessor's pizza box form factor. The design was updated during the LC II's production run when the auto-inject floppy drive was substituted for a manual-inject unit. The revised front bezel no longer featured the horizontal indentation aligning with the floppy drive, a defining characteristic of the Snow White design language.

Logic board: The LC II retains much of the original LC's logic board design, including a 16-bit data path and a 10 MB memory limit. These limitations limited the machine's ability to take full advantage of the 68030 CPU.

Storage: The LC II shipped with one floppy drive as standard, with options for 40 or 80 MB hard drives. While the original LC had two internal floppy drive connectors, the LC II has one. About 5% of the LC units sold had two floppy drives, and internal hard disks were becoming common by 1992, so the second connector was removed.[5]

Video: The LC II's logic board has one video RAM slot, which is filled with a 256 KB SIMM as standard; the high-end configuration was shipped with a 512 KB SIMM instead. VRAM SIMMs from the original LC are supported in the LC II.[5]

Upgrades: Apple sold a $599 upgrade kit that replaced the LC II's logic board with that of the LC III.[3]

Models[edit]

Rear view of a Macintosh LC II, paired with a 12" RGB display

Introduced March 23, 1992 (and discontinued March 15, 1993):

  • Macintosh LC II:[6] Sold in these configurations:
    • 4 MB RAM, 40 MB HDD. US$1,699.[7]
    • 4 MB RAM, 80 MB HDD, 256 KB VRAM. US$1,849.[7]
    • 4 MB RAM, 80 MB HDD, 512 KB VRAM. US$2,049.[5]

Introduced September 14, 1992:

  • Performa 400:[8] 4 MB RAM, 512 KB VRAM, 80 MB HDD.

Introduced April 12, 1993:

  • Performa 405:[9] 4 MB RAM, 256 KB VRAM, 80 MB HDD.
  • Performa 430:[10] 4 MB RAM, 256 KB VRAM, 120 MB HDD.[11]

Introduced October 18, 1993:

  • Performa 410:[12] 4 MB RAM, 512 KB VRAM, 80 MB HDD.

Timeline[edit]

Timeline of Macintosh Centris, LC, Performa, and Quadra models, colored by CPU type
Power MacintoshMacintosh QuadraMacintosh CentrisMacintosh PerformaMacintosh II seriesMacintosh Performa 6214Macintosh Performa 6210Macintosh Performa 6205Macintosh Performa 6230Macintosh Performa 6220Macintosh Quadra 840AVMacintosh Quadra 650Macintosh Quadra 610Macintosh Quadra 605Macintosh Quadra 660AVMacintosh Quadra 800Macintosh Centris 650Macintosh Quadra 610Macintosh Quadra 950Macintosh Quadra 630Macintosh Quadra 900Macintosh Quadra 700Macintosh Performa 6410Macintosh Performa 6410Macintosh Performa 5440Macintosh Performa 5430Macintosh Performa 5280Macintosh Performa 6360Macintosh Performa 5260Macintosh Performa 6410Macintosh Performa 6400Macintosh Performa 5400Macintosh Performa 5400Macintosh Performa 6260Macintosh Performa 5400Macintosh Performa 5420Macintosh Performa 5410Macintosh Performa 5270Macintosh Performa 5260Macintosh Performa 6320Macintosh Performa 6310Macintosh Performa 6300Macintosh Performa 6290Macintosh Performa 5320Macintosh Performa 5300Macintosh Performa 6218Macintosh Performa 6216Macintosh Performa 6200Macintosh Performa 6116Macintosh Performa 5220Macintosh Performa 5215Macintosh Performa 5210Macintosh Performa 5200Macintosh Performa 640CDMacintosh Performa 580CDMacintosh Performa 588CDMacintosh Performa 638Macintosh Performa 637Macintosh Performa 636Macintosh Performa 635Macintosh Performa 631Macintosh Performa 630Macintosh Performa 578Macintosh Performa 577Macintosh Performa 575Macintosh Performa 476Macintosh Performa 475Macintosh Performa 560Macintosh Performa 550Macintosh Performa 275Macintosh Performa 6118Macintosh Performa 6117Macintosh Performa 6115Macintosh Performa 6112Macintosh Performa 6110Macintosh Performa 467Macintosh Performa 466Macintosh Performa 460Macintosh Performa 410Macintosh Performa 520Macintosh Performa 450Macintosh Performa 430Macintosh Performa 405Macintosh Performa 250Macintosh Performa 600Macintosh Performa 400Macintosh Performa 200Power Macintosh 5300 LCMacintosh LC 575Macintosh LC IIIMacintosh LC 550Macintosh LC 580Macintosh LC 520Macintosh LC 630Macintosh LC 475Power Macintosh 5200 LCMacintosh LC IIIMacintosh LC IIMacintosh LC

References[edit]

  1. ^ Luke Dormehl (March 23, 2017). "Today in Apple history: Macintosh LC II is the Mac mini of its day". Cult of Mac.
  2. ^ Seiter, Charles (December 1993). "New 040 Macs". Macworld. Vol. 10, no. 12. pp. 92–98.
  3. ^ a b "Apple Introduces the Macintosh LC III". February 9, 1993.
  4. ^ Pogue, David; Schorr, Joseph (1999). "Chapter 12: From 128K to Quadra: Mac to Mac". MacWorld Mac Secrets, 5th Edition. IDG Books. pp. 472–473. ISBN 0-7645-4040-8.
  5. ^ a b c d Heid, Jim (May 1992). "More for Less: An Updated LC and LaserWriter Duo". Macworld. Vol. 9, no. 5. pp. 137–141.
  6. ^ "Macintosh LC II: Technical Specifications". Apple.
  7. ^ a b "Apple Introduces Powerful New Macintosh LC II". March 23, 1992.
  8. ^ "Macintosh Performa 400:Technical Specifications". Apple.
  9. ^ "Macintosh Performa 405:Technical Specifications". Apple.
  10. ^ "Macintosh Performa 430:Technical Specifications". Apple.
  11. ^ "Apple Service Source - Performa 400 Series" (PDF). Apple.
  12. ^ "Macintosh Performa 410:Technical Specifications". Apple.

External links[edit]