Mackinnon's shrike

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Mackinnon's shrike
Mackinnon's Shrike - Uganda H8O3871 (19945838195).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Laniidae
Genus: Lanius
Species: L. mackinnoni
Binomial name
Lanius mackinnoni
Sharpe, 1891

The Mackinnon's shrike (Lanius mackinnoni), also called the Mackinnon's fiscal, is a songbird species of the family Laniidae. It is found in Central Africa and the Lake Victoria region, where its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and moist savanna. It is not considered a threatened species by the IUCN.The population of this species is increasing, which is thought to be due to the degradation of nearby habitat. Its common name and Latin binomial commemorate Archibald Donald MacKinnon.[2]

Description[edit]

The Mackinnon's shrike grows to a length of about 20 cm (8 in). The adult male has a greyish-black head and mantle, a white supercilium, white scapulars and black wings. The tail is black with white margins and the underparts are white, sometimes tinged with buff. The female is similar except for having rufous patches on the flanks. The juvenile is greyish-brown and heavily barred.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Mackinnon's fiscal is found in tropical humid parts of Western and Central Africa, its range including Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.[1] It is found in forest edges, clearings, secondary growth and bushy areas, from sea level up to about 2,200 m (7,200 ft).[3]

Status[edit]

The Mackinnon's fiscal has a very wide range and has been described as locally common, although rather more scarce in the eastern end of its range. Its population trend may be upward because it is though to have benefited from deforestation as it thrives in secondary growth and is often to be found in farmland, villages and gardens. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed its conservation status as being of "least concern".[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Lanius mackinnoni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael (2003). Whose Bird? Men and Women Commemorated in the Common Names of Birds. London: Christopher Helm. p. 217. 
  3. ^ a b Norbert Lefranc; Tim Worfolk (2013). Shrikes. A&C Black. p. 152. ISBN 978-1-4081-8756-2.