Macon County, Tennessee

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Macon County
Macon County Courthouse in Lafayette
Macon County Courthouse in Lafayette
Official seal of Macon County
Map of Tennessee highlighting Macon County
Location within the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°32′N 86°01′W / 36.53°N 86.01°W / 36.53; -86.01
Country United States
State Tennessee
Founded1842
Named forNathaniel Macon[1]
SeatLafayette
Largest cityLafayette
Area
 • Total307 sq mi (800 km2)
 • Land307 sq mi (800 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)  0.03%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total25,216 Increase
 • Density72/sq mi (28/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district6th
Websitemaconcountytn.gov

Macon County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee As of the 2020 census, the population was 25,216.[2] Its county seat is Lafayette.[3] Macon County is part of the Nashville-DavidsonMurfreesboroFranklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Old Galen Elementary School building near Lafayette

Macon County was formed in 1842 from parts of Smith and Sumner counties. It was named in honor of the late Revolutionary War veteran and United States Senator, Nathaniel Macon.[4] The county seat was named in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette.[1]

The county's second-largest city, Red Boiling Springs, thrived as a mineral springs resort in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Three hotels from this period– the Donoho Hotel, the Thomas House Hotel (previously the Cloyd Hotel), and the Armour's Hotel (previously the Counts Hotel)– are still open, though only the Armour's still offers mineral water treatments.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 307 square miles (800 km2), of which 307 square miles (800 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.03%) is water.[5] The county is located amidst the northeastern Highland Rim, and is generally rugged and hilly.

Adjacent Counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18506,948
18607,2904.9%
18706,633−9.0%
18809,32140.5%
189010,87816.7%
190012,88118.4%
191014,55913.0%
192014,9222.5%
193013,872−7.0%
194014,9047.4%
195013,599−8.8%
196012,197−10.3%
197012,3151.0%
198015,70027.5%
199015,9061.3%
200020,38628.2%
201022,2489.1%
202025,21613.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2014[2]
Age pyramid Macon County[11]

2020 Census[edit]

Macon County racial composition[12]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 22,439 88.99%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 120 0.48%
Native American 60 0.24%
Asian 44 0.17%
Pacific Islander 8 0.03%
Other/Mixed 861 3.41%
Hispanic or Latino 1,684 6.68%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 25,216 people, 9,170 households, and 6,215 families residing in the county.

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 census,[13] there were 22,248 people, 8,561 households, and 6,112 families living in the county. The population density was 72 people per square mile (28/km2). There were 9,861 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.03% White, 0.42% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.96% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 4.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 8,561 households 30.16% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.55% were married couples living together, 5.58% had a male householder with no wife present, 11.26% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.61% were non-families. 24.27% of households were one person and 10.86% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.02.

The age distribution was 25.02% under the age of 18, 8.39% from 18 to 24, 31.59% from 25 to 44, 20.69% from 45 to 64, and 14.09% 65 or older. The median age was 38.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.08 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.21 males.

2000 Census[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 20,386 people, 7,916 households, and 5,802 families living in the county. The population density was 66 people per square mile (26/km2). There were 8,894 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.86% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.77% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. 1.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[14] Of the 7,916 households 35.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 23.80% of households were one person and 10.70% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00.

The age distribution was 26.10% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.

The median household income was $29,867 and the median family income was $37,577. Males had a median income of $28,170 versus $20,087 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,286. About 11.30% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.00% of those under age 18 and 25.40% of those age 65 or over.


Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

Lafayette Municipal Airport

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Macon County, Tennessee[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 8,096 85.34% 1,307 13.78% 84 0.89%
2016 6,263 83.46% 1,072 14.29% 169 2.25%
2012 5,260 76.18% 1,552 22.48% 93 1.35%
2008 5,145 69.90% 2,060 27.99% 155 2.11%
2004 4,670 62.83% 2,738 36.84% 25 0.34%
2000 3,366 51.86% 3,059 47.13% 66 1.02%
1996 2,481 48.03% 2,240 43.36% 445 8.61%
1992 2,299 40.15% 2,961 51.71% 466 8.14%
1988 2,962 65.37% 1,538 33.94% 31 0.68%
1984 3,330 65.23% 1,747 34.22% 28 0.55%
1980 2,925 58.96% 1,947 39.25% 89 1.79%
1976 2,063 50.93% 1,951 48.16% 37 0.91%
1972 2,295 75.67% 653 21.53% 85 2.80%
1968 2,173 58.04% 530 14.16% 1,041 27.80%
1964 1,846 56.08% 1,446 43.92% 0 0.00%
1960 2,829 74.80% 915 24.19% 38 1.00%
1956 2,207 66.96% 1,069 32.43% 20 0.61%
1952 2,602 69.20% 1,158 30.80% 0 0.00%
1948 1,708 68.05% 738 29.40% 64 2.55%
1944 2,322 76.26% 701 23.02% 22 0.72%
1940 1,730 70.76% 711 29.08% 4 0.16%
1936 1,402 61.22% 876 38.25% 12 0.52%
1932 1,123 55.65% 885 43.86% 10 0.50%
1928 1,937 82.22% 419 17.78% 0 0.00%
1924 1,808 71.97% 689 27.43% 15 0.60%
1920 3,208 75.02% 1,066 24.93% 2 0.05%
1916 1,600 62.02% 980 37.98% 0 0.00%
1912 1,251 56.05% 787 35.26% 194 8.69%

Although part of the Middle Tennessee Grand Division, Macon County is geographically firmly a part of Kentucky's Pennyroyal Plateau and has much more historically in common with adjacent Bluegrass State counties like Monroe, Clinton and Cumberland, or with counties in East Tennessee. Those Pennyroyal counties were overwhelmingly opposed to secession[16] and a large majority of residents fought their Civil War in Union blue rather than Confederate gray. Consequently, after the Civil War, Macon County became an isolated powerfully Republican County in then-Democratic Middle Tennessee. Since 1884, the only Democratic presidential candidate to carry Macon County has been Bill Clinton in 1992, when he had Tennessee Senator Al Gore – who lived in neighbouring Smith County as a child – as his running mate. In the 2000 election, Gore's local popularity was sufficient to give him the third-highest Democratic percentage of the past 132 years despite losing the state, but since then like all of Appalachia and surrounding regions the county has shown an extremely rapid trend to the Republican Party due to powerful opposition to the Democratic Party's liberal views on social issues.[17]

In other statewide elections, Macon County has shown a similar rapid Republican trend. It voted for a Democratic Senator as recently as the 2002 election, when Bob Clement defeated Lamar Alexander by a mere nineteen votes,[18] but for the last three senatorial elections the Democratic candidate has not obtained more than 22.09 percent of the county's vote. Although Phil Bredesen carried the county in both 2002 and 2006, he is the last Democratic gubernatorial candidate to top thirty percent.

County Government Officials[edit]

  • County Mayor: Steve Jones[19]
  • Assessor of Property: Rick Shoulders[20]
  • Trustee: Kim Parks[21]
  • Sheriff: Mark Gammons[22]
  • County Clerk: Connie Blackwell[23]
  • Register of Deeds: Cynthia Jones[24]

County Commission Members[edit]

  • Phillip Snow
  • Todd Gentry
  • Scott Gammons
  • Mike Jenkins
  • Benton Bartley
  • Charles (Chop) Porter
  • Mchelle Phillips
  • Justin Dyer
  • Kenneth Witte
  • Scott Cothron
  • Tony Wix
  • Michael Slayton
  • Jeff Hughes
  • Barry King
  • Chad West
  • Kyle Petty
  • Wendell Jones
  • Jarhea Wilmore
  • Helen Hesson
  • Marcus Smith

[25]

State and Federal Representation[edit]

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Radio[edit]

Television[edit]

Macon County is part of the Nashville media market.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Martha Carver, "Macon County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 11 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 195.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  11. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 26, 2021.
  13. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  16. ^ Copeland, James E.; ‘Where Were the Kentucky Unionists and Secessionists’; The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, volume 71, no. 4 (October, 1973), pp. 344-363
  17. ^ Cohn, Nate; ‘Demographic Shift: Southern Whites’ Loyalty to G.O.P. Nearing That of Blacks to Democrats’, New York Times, April 24, 2014
  18. ^ Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 2002 Senatorial General Election Results – Macon County, TN
  19. ^ "County Mayor". www.maconcountytn.gov. Retrieved November 19, 2019.
  20. ^ "Property Assessor". www.maconcountytn.gov.
  21. ^ "Trustee". www.maconcountytn.gov.
  22. ^ "Sheriff s Office". www.maconcountytn.gov.
  23. ^ "County Clerk". www.maconcountytn.gov.
  24. ^ "Register of Deeds". www.maconcountytn.gov.
  25. ^ "County Commission". www.maconcountytn.gov.
  26. ^ "Representatives - TN General Assembly". www.capitol.tn.gov. Retrieved November 19, 2019.
  27. ^ "Senators - TN General Assembly". www.capitol.tn.gov. Retrieved November 19, 2019.
  28. ^ "Our District". Representative John Rose. December 4, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°32′N 86°01′W / 36.53°N 86.01°W / 36.53; -86.01