|Traded as||ASX: MQG|
|Headquarters||50 Martin Place
Sydney, New South Wales
|Peter Warne (Chairman)
Nicholas Moore (CEO)
|Products||Asset management, Investment banking, Corporate banking, Private equity, Equities trading, Commodity trading, Futures and options trading, Foreign exchange trading, Money market trading, Consumer Banking, Wealth management, Investment Management|
|A$10.4 billion (2017)|
|A$2.2 billion (2017)|
|AUM||A$481.7 billion (2017)|
Number of employees
|Capital ratio||11.1% (2017)|
Macquarie Group Limited is a global investment banking and diversified financial services group, providing banking, financial advisory and investment and funds management services to institutional, corporate and retail clients and counterparties around the world. Headquartered in Sydney, Macquarie is the largest Australian investment bank and the top ranked mergers and acquisitions advisor in Australia. Macquarie employs more than 14,000 staff in more than 70 office locations across 28 countries and has more than $A450 billion in assets under management.
Macquarie is listed in Australia (ASX:MQG) and is regulated by APRA, the Australian banking regulator, as the owner of Macquarie Bank Limited, an authorised deposit taker.
The company’s high margins, profits and the lucrative rewards for its executives and shareholders saw the Australian media label the bank “The Millionaire Factory” due to their notably strong performances. As of 6 May 2016, the group’s chief executive Nicholas Moore became the nation’s highest paid CEO of a listed company as they announced a net profit after tax for the year at $2.06 billion.
1969 - 1979
Australian businessman Stan Owens compiled a proposal for Hill Samuel & Co. to establish an Australian subsidiary. After presenting his report in London, Mr Owens was offered the role of implementing it. He became Executive Chairman of Hill Samuel Australia (HSA) and founded the company in Gold Fields House in Sydney's Circular Quay. The company's first three employees were Stan Owens, Blair Hesketh and Geoff Hobson. Later Chris Castleman (on loan from the British parent) and Bill Clarke joined. David Clarke and Mark Johnson were introduced to HSA and became joint Managing Directors in 1971. Despite being given a four-year allowance by the British parent to turn a profit, HSA was profitable by the end of its first twelve months of trading.
In 1971 HSA secured Australia’s biggest mandate at the time, a $US60 million financing for corrugated iron manufacturer John Lysaght Australia. HSA expanded its presence in the Australian market, opening a Melbourne office in 1972, and a Brisbane office in 1975.
In other business initiatives during the decade, HSA helped pioneer the foreign currency hedge market in Australia, commenced gold bullion trading, extended its coverage to all listed commodities and was one of the first merchant banks to be granted floor member status at the Sydney Futures Exchange.
1980 - 1989
The 1980s were marked by significant financial market deregulation in Australia, including the floating of the Australian dollar and the removal of restrictions on foreign banks. To take advantage of the opportunities offered by deregulation, HSA submitted a proposal for the formation of a new substantially Australian owned and controlled bank to be called Macquarie Bank Limited. Authority for HSA to become Macquarie Bank Limited (MBL) was received from the Federal Treasurer on 28 February 1985, making it only the second private trading bank to be established in Australia in modern times.
The bank continued to grow its activities in the 1980s. It became Australia's leading bullion trader, initiated 24-hour foreign exchange trading, commenced stockbroking and corporate leasing activities, opened offices in London and Munich, expanded into funds management by establishing Australia’s first cash management account and formed a new structured finance business which would grow to become one of the largest in the world. It also implemented the risk management framework which is credited for the organisation's long history of unbroken profitability. The framework ensured Macquarie was not materially exposed to the October 1987 global share market crash.
In other initiatives, Macquarie established its philanthropic arm, the Macquarie Group Foundation, which has since contributed more than $A300 million to community organisations around the world, and established what has become one of Australia’s largest corporate art collections, the Macquarie Group Collection.
1990 - 1999
On 29 July 1996, Macquarie Bank Limited listed on the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX:MQG). By 30 October 1996 Macquarie had entered the ASX All Ordinaries Index, with a market capitalisation of approximately $A1.3 billion and would grow to become one of Australia's largest listed companies.
Macquarie continued its overseas expansion during the early 1990s, opening offices in New York, Hong Kong, Singapore and Beijing, while extending its Australian operations to Perth and the Gold Coast. Acquisitions during the decade included Boston Australia Limited, Security Pacific Australia and the investment banking arm of Bankers Trust Australia.
In 1994 Macquarie began its infrastructure investment business with the underwriting and placement of publicly listed equity for the Hills Motorway in Sydney. It has continued to grow these activities to become the world's leading infrastructure manager. During the decade, Macquarie also launched its private banking and residential mortgages businesses and established a number of real estate and investment trusts.
2000 - 2009
Macquarie continued to expand its Asia operations in the early 2000s with the opening of offices in Seoul and Tokyo in 2000, and through the acquisition of ING Group’s Asian cash equities business in March 2004.
The decade was also marked by the global expansion of Macquarie's infrastructure business, with infrastructure investment funds established in Korea, China, Europe, Russia, India and the Middle East. On 16 December 2004, Macquarie Infrastructure Corporation began trading as Macquarie Infrastructure Company Trust on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE:MIC).
Macquarie made a number of significant acquisitions, particularly in the US, in the later part of the 2000s. These included US energy marketing and trading company Cook Inlet Energy Supply, establishing Macquarie's physical natural gas trading business in the US, and Constellation Energy’s Houston-based downstream natural gas trading operations, making Macquarie Group the fourth largest physical gas trader in North America.
Other acquisitions included UK gas supply company Corona Energy in August 2006 and, in 2009, independent energy independent energy advisory firm Tristone Global Capital Inc; specialist investment bank Fox-Pitt Kelton Cochran Caronia Walker; Canadian wealth management business Blackmont Capital Inc; the wholesale electricity trading business of US firm Integrys Energy; US-based fixed income fund manager Allegiance Investment Management; the equity derivatives and structured products business of German private bank Sal. Oppenheim; and Condor Ferries service between the UK, Channel Islands and France.
In 2007, MBL securityholders and the Federal Court approved the restructure of the Macquarie group into a non-operating holding company (NOHC) structure.
2010 - present
In 2010 Macquarie Group completed its then largest acquisition with the purchase of Delaware Investments, a leading US-based diversified asset management firm, from Lincoln Financial Group. As a result of the acquisition, Macquarie is now one of the world's top 50 asset managers. Delaware Investments was re-branded as Macquarie Investment Management in 2017.
Macquarie has significantly grown its renewable energy activities this decade. In January 2015, Macquarie Group acquired a stake in Baltic 2 offshore wind park from EnBW for a fee totalling €720 million. Macquarie Group led a consortium of bidders to successfully acquire the British Green Investment Bank for £2.3 billion. The takeover means the group will manage or supervise around £4 billion of green infrastructure assets and projects, with a further £3 billion of investment targeted. The accompanying announcement stated that it will still pursue its main purpose of attracting private funds to invest in renewable energy generation assets.
Macquarie's Corporate and Asset Finance business made a number of significant acquisitions. In March 2015 Macquarie announced the acquisition of a $US4 billion aircraft operating lease portfolio from AWAS Aviation Capital Limited. In October Macquarie entered into an agreement to acquire the $A8.2 billion Esanda dealer finance portfolio from ANZ Banking Group.
There are three annuity-style businesses:
- Macquarie Asset Management – The world’s biggest infrastructure asset manager and a top 50 global asset manager, managing more than $A450 billion of assets on behalf of superannuation funds and other institutional investors
- Corporate and Asset Finance – Lends to customers and leases assets to businesses including a fleet of more than 600,000 cars, passenger aircraft, medical equipment, electronics equipment, rail stock and mining equipment
- Banking and Financial Services – Comprises Macquarie’s retail banking operations and provides personal banking, wealth management and business banking products and services to more than 1 million clients.
There are two capital markets facing businesses:
- Commodities and Global Markets – Conducts research on more than 2,300 stocks and market trading on behalf of clients across more than 160 products including equities, derivatives, fixed income, foreign exchange and commodities
- Macquarie Capital – Advises companies on growth opportunities, sources investment funds, negotiates transactions and lists companies on the share market, as well as investing alongside clients.
In addition to the principle operating groups, Macquarie has a network of support groups including; Corporate Operations Group, Financial Management Group, Legal and Governance Group and Risk Management Group.
Macquarie’s Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer is Nicholas Moore, who replaced Allan Moss in May 2008.
In the year 31 March 2017, Macquarie reported a record net profit $A2.2 billion and a record dividend of $A4.70 per share.
Board of directors
Macquarie Group's current Board of Directors includes:
- Peter H Warne - Independent Chairman and Independent Voting Director; a Director of ASX Limited and former Head of Bankers Trust Australia Limited’s Financial Markets Group.
- Nicholas W Moore - Managing Director, Chief Executive Officer and Executive Voting Director.
- Gary R Banks AO - Independent Voting Director; Dean and Chief Executive Officer of the Australia and New Zealand School of Government.
- Gordon M Cairns - Independent Voting Director; Chairman of Woolworths Limited and Origin Energy Limited and former chairman of David Jones Limited and Rebel Group Pty Limited.
- Michael J Coleman - Independent Voting Director; Adjunct Professor at the Australian School of Business at the University of New South Wales, Chairman of Planet Ark Environmental Foundation and former Senior Audit Partner with KPMG.
- Patricia A Cross - Independent Voting Director; a Director of Aviva Plc Group and the Australian Institute of Company Directors, Founding Director of the Grattan Institute.
- Diane J Grady AM - Independent Voting Director; a member of the McKinsey Advisory Council and a Director of Spotless Group Holdings Limited and Tennis Australia.
- Michael J Hawker - Independent Voting Director; a Director of Aviva Plc Group, Lead Independent Director of Washington H. Soul Pattinson and Company Limited and former CEO of Insurance Australia Group.
- Nicola M Wakefield-Evans - Independent Voting Director; a Director of Lend Lease Corporation Limited, Toll Holdings Limited and BUPA Australia and New Zealand Group.
Macquarie Group takes its name from Major General Lachlan Macquarie, one of Australia’s early leaders who established the nation's first bank, introduced its first currency and initiated many significant economic and social reforms.
In 1813 Governor Lachlan Macquarie overcame an acute currency shortage in the colony of New South Wales by importing 40,000 Spanish silver dollars and punching a hole through the centre of them to create two unique coins, the Holey Dollar and the Dump. The new currency stimulated the economy while retaining its intrinsic value, with the two new coins worth 25 per cent more than the original.
According to Macquarie Group, the Holey Dollar was Australia’s earliest example of financial innovation and embodies its pursuit of practical approaches with profitable outcomes.
Notable former employees
- Christopher Castleman - General Manager Hill Samuel Australia (1970-1971)
- David Clarke - Joint Managing Director Hill Samuel Australia (1971-1977), Managing Director Hill Samuel Australia (1977-1984), founding Chairman of Macquarie Bank Limited (1984-2011)
- Mark Johnson - Joint Managing Director Hill Samuel Australia (1971-1977), Director and/or Deputy Chairman Macquarie Bank Limited (1987-2007)
- Tony Berg - Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer (1984-1993)
- Allan Moss - Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer (1993-2008)
- Richard Sheppard - Deputy Managing Director (1996-2011)
Macquarie Bank maintains political connections through the appointment of former politicians and senior political staffers to senior positions.
- Bob Carr - Premier of New South Wales (1995–2005) and Minister for Foreign Affairs (2012-2013)
- Max Moore-Wilton - Secretary of the Australian Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (1996-2002)
- Graeme Samuel - Chairman of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (2003–2011)
- Warwick Smith - Australian Federal Cabinet Minister (1996-1998)
- Alan Stockdale - Treasurer of Victoria (1992-1999)
- John Hewson AM - Leader of the Liberal Party of Australia (1990-1994)
The company's high margins, profits and the lucrative rewards for its executives and shareholders saw the Australian media label the bank 'The Millionaire Factory' due to their notably strong performances.
In 2010, Macquarie Group through its subsidiary Macquarie Equipment Rentals was criticised by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission for suing 300 small businesses caught up in misleading telephony bundling deals.
In 2017, Macquarie, via a deal in which it acquired Thames Water, a private utility company responsible for the public water supply and waste water treatment in the UK, was found to have burdened Thames Water with £2bn of debt before selling its stake in Thames Water. These disclosures followed scrutiny of the possible financial causes of Thames water's extensive pollution of the Thames, and other rivers, with untreated sewage between 2012 and 2014, for which Thames Water was fined a record £20m.  
- Australian real estate investment trust
- Banking in Australia
- Better Place
- List of banks
- List of banks in Australia
- List of banks in Oceania
- Macquarie Power & Infrastructure Income Fund
- Kemble Water Holdings Limited
- Macquarie Airports
- Southern Cross Media Group
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