Macquarie Group

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Macquarie Group Limited
TypePublic
IndustryFinancial services
Founded1969; 53 years ago (1969)
Headquarters50 Martin Place
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Peter Warne (Chairman)
Shemara Wikramanayake (CEO)
ProductsAsset management, investment banking, corporate banking, private equity, equities trading, commodity trading, futures and options trading, foreign exchange trading, money market trading, consumer banking, wealth management, investment management, leasing
Increase A$12.774 billion (2021) [1]
Increase A$3.015 billion (2021) [2]
AUMIncrease A$737 billion (2021) [3]
Number of employees
Increase 17,209 (2021) [4]
SubsidiariesDelaware Investments, Thames Water, Arqiva (25%), One Rail Australia (49%), Blue Leaf Energy, Hobson Wealth Partners, Fox-Pitt Kelton Cochran Caronia Waller, Matrix Business Technologies, Matrix Networks Group, MQ Capital, Network Finance Company, Cincinnati Bell
Websitewww.macquarie.com

Macquarie Group Limited (/məˈkwɔːri/) is an Australian global financial services group. Headquartered and listed in Australia (ASXMQG), Macquarie employs more than 17,000 staff in 33 markets,[5] is the world's largest infrastructure asset manager[6] and Australia's top ranked mergers and acquisitions adviser,[7] with more than A$737 billion in assets under management.[5] The company's operating groups are Banking and Financial Services, Commodities and Global Markets, Macquarie Asset Management and Macquarie Capital.

History[edit]

1969–1979[edit]

Macquarie was founded on 10 December 1969 as Hill Samuel Australia Limited, a subsidiary of the UK's Hill Samuel & Co. Limited.[8]

Australian businessman Stan Owens compiled a proposal for Hill Samuel & Co. to establish an Australian subsidiary. After presenting his report in London, Mr Owens was offered the role of implementing it. He became Executive Chairman of Hill Samuel Australia (HSA) and founded the company from offices at Gold Fields House in Sydney's Circular Quay. The company's first three employees were Stan Owens, Blair Hesketh and Geoff Hobson. Later Chris Castleman (on loan from the British parent) and Bill Clarke joined. David Clarke and Mark Johnson were introduced to HSA and became joint managing directors in 1971. Despite being given a four-year allowance by the British parent to turn a profit, HSA was profitable by the end of its first twelve months of trading.

In 1971, HSA secured Australia's biggest mandate at the time, a US$60 million financing for corrugated iron manufacturer John Lysaght Australia. HSA expanded its presence in the Australian market, opening a Melbourne office in 1972, and a Brisbane office in 1975.

In other business initiatives during the decade, HSA helped pioneer the foreign currency hedge market in Australia, commenced gold bullion trading, extended its coverage to all listed commodities and was one of the first merchant banks to be granted floor member status at the Sydney Futures Exchange.

1980–1989[edit]

The 1980s were marked by significant financial market deregulation in Australia, including the floating of the Australian dollar and the removal of restrictions on foreign banks. To take advantage of the opportunities offered by deregulation, HSA submitted a proposal for the formation of a new substantially Australian owned and controlled bank to be called Macquarie Bank Limited.[9] Authority for HSA to become Macquarie Bank Limited (MBL) was received from the Federal Treasurer Paul Keating on 28 February 1985, making it only the second private trading bank to be established in Australia in modern times.[10]

The bank continued to grow its activities in the 1980s. It became Australia's leading bullion trader, initiated 24-hour foreign exchange trading, commenced stockbroking and corporate leasing activities, opened offices in London and Munich, expanded into funds management by establishing Australia's first cash management account and formed a new structured finance business which would grow to become one of the largest in the world.[9] It also implemented the risk management framework which is credited for the organisation's long history of unbroken profitability. The framework ensured Macquarie was not materially exposed to the October 1987 global share market crash.[citation needed]

In other initiatives, Macquarie established its philanthropic arm, the Macquarie Group Foundation, which has since contributed more than $A330 million to community organisations around the world, and established what has become one of Australia's largest corporate art collections, the Macquarie Group Collection.[11]

1990–1999[edit]

On 29 July 1996, Macquarie Bank Limited listed on the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX:MQG).[12] By 30 October 1996 Macquarie had entered the ASX All Ordinaries Index, with a market capitalisation of approximately A$1.3 billion and would grow to more than A$35 billion in 2018[5] to become one of Australia's largest listed companies.

Macquarie continued its overseas expansion during the early 1990s, opening offices in New York, Hong Kong, Singapore and Beijing, while extending its Australian operations to Perth and the Gold Coast. Acquisitions during the decade included Boston Australia Limited, Security Pacific Australia and the investment banking arm of Bankers Trust Australia.[13]

In 1994, Macquarie began its infrastructure investment business with the underwriting and placement of publicly listed equity for the Hills Motorway in Sydney.[9] It has continued to grow these activities to become the world's leading infrastructure manager.[14] During the decade, Macquarie also launched its private banking and residential mortgages businesses and established a number of real estate and investment trusts.

2000–2009[edit]

Macquarie continued to expand its Asia operations in the early 2000s with the opening of offices in Seoul and Tokyo in 2000, and through the acquisition of ING Group's Asian cash equities business in March 2004.[15]

The decade was also marked by the global expansion of Macquarie's infrastructure business, with infrastructure investment funds established in Korea, China, Europe, Russia, India and the Middle East. On 16 December 2004, Macquarie Infrastructure Corporation began trading as Macquarie Infrastructure Company Trust on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE:MIC).[16]

Macquarie made a number of significant acquisitions, particularly in the US, in the later part of the 2000s. These included US energy marketing and trading company Cook Inlet Energy Supply, establishing Macquarie's physical natural gas trading business in the US, and Constellation Energy's Houston-based downstream natural gas trading operations. As at 2018 Macquarie Group is the second largest physical gas trader in North America.[17]

Other acquisitions included UK gas supply company Corona Energy in August 2006 and, in 2009, independent energy advisory firm Tristone Global Capital Inc; specialist investment bank Fox-Pitt Kelton Cochran Caronia Walker; Canadian wealth management business Blackmont Capital Inc; the wholesale electricity trading business of US firm Integrys Energy; US-based fixed income fund manager Allegiance Investment Management; the equity derivatives and structured products business of German private bank Sal. Oppenheim; and Condor Ferries service between the UK, Channel Islands and France.[18][19]

In 2005, Macquarie announced an unsolicited takeover bid for the London Stock Exchange valuing the company at £1.5 billion, a bid rejected by LSE management.[20]

In 2007, MBL securityholders and the Federal Court approved the restructure of the Macquarie Group into a non-operating holding company (NOHC) structure.[21]

2010–present[edit]

No. 1 Martin Place, one of Macquarie Group's offices in Sydney

In 2010, Macquarie Group completed its then largest acquisition with the purchase of Delaware Investments, a leading US-based diversified asset management firm, from Lincoln Financial Group.[22] As a result of the acquisition, Macquarie became one of the world's top 50 asset managers.[23] The same year, the company, through its subsidiary Macquarie Equipment Rentals, was criticised by the Australian Competition & Consumer Commission for suing 300 small businesses caught up in misleading telephony bundling deals.[24]

In March 2015, Macquarie announced the acquisition of a $US4 billion aircraft operating lease portfolio from AWAS Aviation Capital, bringing Macquarie's portfolio up to more than 220 airplanes.[25] In October Macquarie entered into an agreement to acquire the A$8.2 billion Esanda dealer finance portfolio from ANZ Banking Group.[26]

In 2017 A Macquarie-led consortium acquired the UK Green Investment Bank plc from HM Government and rebranded as the Green Investment Group (GIG).

In June 2017, Macquarie's Commodities and Global Markets business completed its acquisition of Cargill's petroleum business as well as its North America power and gas business. The transaction expanded Macquarie's global financial and physical oil business footprint to include Geneva and Minneapolis. Also that year, Macquarie, via a deal in which it acquired Thames Water, a private utility company responsible for public water supply and waste water treatment in the London region of the UK, was found to have transferred to Thames Water £2bn of debt before selling its stake in the company. These disclosures followed scrutiny of the possible financial causes of Thames Water's extensive pollution of the Thames, and other rivers, with untreated sewage between 2012 and 2014, for which Thames Water was fined a record £20m.[27][28] In response to criticism, Macquarie noted that during its tenure Thames Water invested more than £11 billion, or around £1 billion per year, more than twice that invested during the five-year period before privatisation in 1989.[29] The Lee Tunnel was commissioned in January 2010 and opened by Mayor of London Boris Johnson, in January 2016.[30][31] The capital investment undertaken to London's water supply was the first major investment since the Victorian era.

In September 2021, Cincinnati Bell, which also owns Hawaiian Tel since their July 2018 merger, was fully acquired by Macquaire Infrastructure Partners V.[32][33][34][35]

In 2021, the company announced the purchase of Kansas City-based asset management company Waddell & Reed for $1.7 billion.[36]

Also in 2021, Macquarie entered into a binding agreement to acquire AMP Capital's Global Equity and Fixed Income (GEFI) business in Australia.[37]

In March 2022, Macquarie Asset Management completed its acquisition of Central Park Group, an independent investment advisory company specialising in alternative investment strategies for high-net-worth investors.[38]

Current operations[edit]

Macquarie employs more than 17,000 staff in 33 countries.[5] Macquarie's business activities are organised into four principal operating groups.[5]

There are two annuity-style businesses:

Macquarie Asset Management – The world's biggest infrastructure asset manager and a top 50 global asset manager, managing more than $A735.5 billion of assets on behalf of investors across multiple asset classes.

Banking and Financial Services – Comprises Macquarie's retail banking operations and provides personal banking, wealth management and business banking products and services to approximately 1.7 million clients.

There are two markets facing businesses:

Commodities and Global Markets – A global business offering capital and financing, risk management, market access, physical execution and logistics solutions to its diverse client base.

Macquarie Capital – Advises companies on growth opportunities, sources investment funds, negotiates transactions and lists companies on the share market, as well as investing alongside clients.

In addition to the principal operating groups, Macquarie has a network of support groups comprising: Corporate Operations Group, Financial Management Group, Legal and Governance Group and Risk Management Group.

Macquarie's Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer is Shemara Wikramanayake, who replaced Nicholas Moore in December 2018.[39]

In the financial year ending 31 March 2021, Macquarie reported a record net profit A$3.015 billion and a final dividend per ordinary share of A$4.70 per share.[40]

Macquarie holds a number of licences enabling it to conduct activities in the jurisdictions in which it operates and is regulated by a significant number of regulators globally. In Australia, Macquarie Bank Limited holds a banking licence and as an authorised deposit-taking institution (ADI), is supervised by the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA). Other key Australian regulators include the Australian Securities & Investments Commission (ASIC) and AUSTRAC. Globally, key regulators include the UK FCA and PRA; US CFTC, FINRA, NFA, FERC, SEC and Federal Reserve Board; IIROC; MAS; Hong Kong SFC; HKMA; SEBI; Japan FSA; Korean FSS; and New Zealand FMA.

Board of directors[edit]

Macquarie Group's current Board of Directors includes:

Notable former employees[edit]

Business[edit]

  • Christopher Castleman - General Manager Hill Samuel Australia (1970-1971)
  • David Clarke - Joint Managing Director Hill Samuel Australia (1971-1977), Managing Director Hill Samuel Australia (1977-1984), founding Chairman of Macquarie Bank Limited (1984-2011)
  • Mark Johnson - Joint Managing Director Hill Samuel Australia (1971-1977), Director and/or Deputy Chairman Macquarie Bank Limited (1987-2007)
  • Tony Berg - Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer (1984-1993)
  • Bill Moss AO - Chief Executive Officer - Banking and Property (1991-2008)
  • Allan Moss - Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer (1993-2008)
  • Richard Sheppard - Deputy Managing Director (1996-2011)
  • Nicholas Moore - Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer (2008-2018)

Philanthropy[edit]

Macquarie's philanthropic arm, the Macquarie Group Foundation, has contributed more than A$475 million globally since 1985 with its community investment strategy. Recipients include the Clontarf Foundation and The Centre for Social Impact.

The firm's collection of artworks, the Macquarie Group Collection, established in 1987 to support emerging artists and displayed in more than 40 Macquarie offices worldwide, is one of world's largest corporate collections of Australian art comprising more than 850 individual works.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Full Year 2021 Annual Report | Macquarie Group" (PDF).
  2. ^ "Full Year 2021 Annual Report | Macquarie Group" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Macquarie Group, HY22 Interim Report | Macquarie Group" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Macquarie Group HY22 Interim Report" (PDF).
  5. ^ a b c d e "Macquarie Group Limited, 1H22 Interim Financial Report" (PDF). 30 September 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "Top 50 infrastructure investment managers 2018". IPE RA. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  7. ^ Chandni, Trehan (1 September 2016). "50 MOST POWERFUL M&A FIRMS IN THE WORLD". Upside.
  8. ^ "Who's afraid of Macquarie Bank?". The Monthly. 4 July 2007. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  9. ^ a b c "Who's afraid of Macquarie Bank?". The Monthly. 4 July 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
  10. ^ Australia, scheme=AGLSTERMS.AglsAgent; corporateName=Reserve Bank of. "Historical Series Breaks". Reserve Bank of Australia. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  11. ^ "Partner's message :: Australian :: Art Gallery NSW". www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  12. ^ "Macquarie – how the mighty have changed - Share Trading | Switzer". www.switzer.com.au. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
  13. ^ Newswires, Dow Jones (28 June 1999). "Macquarie Bank to Acquire Unit of Bankers Trust Australia". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  14. ^ "Global Alternatives Survey 2017". Willis Towers Watson. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  15. ^ "East & Partners | Macquarie snaps up ING's Asian equity business". east.com.au. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  16. ^ "Macquarie Infrastructure Company Reports 2004 Results (NYSE:MIC)". investor.shareholder.com. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  17. ^ "Macquarie's World Part 2: American dream built on energy and infrastructure". Financial Review. 26 February 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  18. ^ "The Corona Energy journey :: Corona Energy". Corona Energy. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  19. ^ "Macquarie to Buy the Boutique Firm Fox-Pitt Kelton". Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  20. ^ Muspratt, Caroline. "LSE rejects 'derisory' Macquarie bid". Telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  21. ^ "MACQUARIE BANK LIMITED RECEIVES FINAL AUSTRALIAN FEDERAL COURT APPROVAL FOR RESTRUCTURE OF MACQUARIE GROUP" (PDF). Australian Securities Exchange. 2016.
  22. ^ McFarland, Lyndal (20 August 2009). "Macquarie to Acquire Delaware Investments". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  23. ^ "Macquarie tops list of Australia's largest fund managers, enters world's top 50". Australian Financial Review. 2 November 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  24. ^ "Samuel slams Macquarie over telco scam". Sydney Morning Herald. 1 November 2010.
  25. ^ "Macquarie to Buy Aircraft for $4 Billion, Raise Capital". Bloomberg News. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  26. ^ "Acquisition of Esanda dealer finance portfolio from ANZ Banking Group Limited, capital raising and update to short term outlook". www.macquarie.com. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  27. ^ "Macquarie 'transferred £2bn of debt' on to Thames Water's books". The Financial Times. 5 September 2017.
  28. ^ "How Macquarie bank left Thames Water with extra £2bn debt". BBC News. 5 September 2017.
  29. ^ "Macquarie sells stake in UK's biggest water firm". Australian Financial Review. 15 March 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  30. ^ Smith, Claire (29 January 2016). "Boris Johnson officially opens the Lee Tunnel". Ground Engineering. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  31. ^ Garrett, Amy Ashenden, Luke (28 January 2016). "Boris Johnson opens new 'super sewer' Lee Tunnel". Evening Standard. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  32. ^ Hardy, Stephen (9 March 2020). "Macquarie wins bidding for Cincinnati Bell as Brookfield drops out. Suitor Brookfield Infrastructure, which had gone as far as reaching a purchase agreement with Cincinnati Bell, declined to match MIRA's final bid of $15.50 per share in cash for all outstanding shares of Cincinnati Bell common stock". lightwave.com. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  33. ^ "Cincinnati Bell Inc. Determines Binding Proposal From Macquarie Infrastructure And Real Assets Constitutes A "Superior Company Proposal"". Yahoo. 6 March 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020 – via PR newswire.
  34. ^ Hrushka, Anna (2 July 2018). "Cincinnati Bell completes acquisition of Hawaiian Telcom, Komeiji named president". Pacific Business News. Archived from the original on 11 March 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  35. ^ Moritz, Scott; Hammond, Ed. "Cincinnati Bell to Buy Hawaiian Telcom, OnX for $851 Million". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  36. ^ Dornbrook, James (30 April 2021). "Waddell & Reed's $1.7B sale to Macquarie Asset Management is official". Kansas City Business Journal. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  37. ^ "Macquarie to acquire Global Equity and Fixed Income business from AMP Capital | Macquarie Group". Macquarie. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  38. ^ "Macquarie Asset Management acquires Central Park Group". www.hedgeweek.com. 15 March 2022. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Board of Directors | Macquarie Group". www.macquarie.com. Archived from the original on 15 December 2016. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  40. ^ "Macquarie Group, 2021 Full Year Results". Financial Review. 31 March 2021. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  41. ^ "ASX Group Board". www.asx.com.au. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  42. ^ Moullakis, Joyce (24 September 2015). "Macquarie Group appoints Peter Warne chairman". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  43. ^ Foundation, Planet Ark Environmental. "Meet the Board". Planet Ark. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  44. ^ "Board of Directors". www.spotless.com. Archived from the original on 24 March 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  45. ^ "Tennis Australia Board and Executive Team – About Tennis Australia - Tennis Australia". Tennis Australia. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  46. ^ "Board of directors - - Aviva plc". www.aviva.com. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  47. ^ "About Washington H. Soul Pattinson". www.whsp.com.au. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
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  49. ^ "- Chief Executive Women". Chief Executive Women. Retrieved 16 January 2017.

External links[edit]