Macquarie rail

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Macquarie rail
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Gruiformes
Family: Rallidae
Genus: Gallirallus
Species: G. philippensis
Subspecies: G. p. macquariensis
Trinomial name
Gallirallus philippensis macquariensis
(Hutton, 1879)

The Macquarie rail (Gallirallus philippensis macquariensis), also known as the Macquarie Island rail, is an extinct subspecies of the buff-banded rail endemic to Macquarie Island, a subantarctic island that is part of the state of Tasmania, Australia.[2] The holotype is in the collection of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The rail was confined to Macquarie Island, where it occupied tussock grassland.

Extinction[edit]

The probable cause of extinction was predation by feral cats and wekas, exacerbated by habitat destruction caused by rabbits. Although the rail had coexisted with the cats for over 70 years, the introduction of rabbits enabled an increase in the cat population, leading to increased predation on rails in winter with the rabbits at seasonally low numbers.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gallirallus philippensis macquariensis — Buff-banded Rail (Macquarie Island), Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australia.
  2. ^ a b Garnett, Stephen T.; & Crowley, Gabriel M. (2000). The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2000. Environment Australia: Canberra. ISBN 0-642-54683-5
  3. ^ "Rallus philippensis macquariensis; holotype". Collections Online. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Retrieved 17 July 2010. 

External links[edit]