Macquarie Towns

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Macquarie Towns or the Five Macquarie Towns is the collective term for the towns of Castlereagh, Pitt Town, Richmond, Wilberforce and Windsor, all located on and around the Hawkesbury River in New South Wales, Australia.[1]

All five towns were established in December 1810 by Governor of New South Wales Lachlan Macquarie. Macquarie established the towns on higher ground following serious flooding of the Hawkesbury River the previous year.[2] This was important as the area provided the fledgling colony of New South Wales with half its annual grain requirements.[3]


  1. ^ "The Macquarie Towns". The Macquarie Era. State Library of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 12 January 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
  2. ^ "Pitt Town". Australian Heritage Directory. Heritage Australia Publishing. Archived from the original on 20 February 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
  3. ^ "Windsor". Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 30 January 2011.

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