Macro-Somali languages

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Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya
Linguistic classification Afro-Asiatic
Glottolog east2653[1]

The Macro-Somali languages or (in the conception of Bernd Heine, who does not include Baiso) Sam languages are a disputed branch of the Lowland East Cushitic languages in the classification of those who do not accept the unity of Omo–Tana. They are spoken in Somalia, Djibouti, eastern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya. The most important member is Somali.[2]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Eastern Omo–Tana". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ Roger Blench, 2006. The Afro-Asiatic Languages: Classification and Reference List (ms)