|Macrodontia cervicornis mounted specimen at the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano|
Macrodontia cervicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) is one of the largest beetles, with known specimens exceeding 17 cm in length. Part of this length is due to the enormous mandibles, from which it derives both of the names in its binomen: Macrodontia means "long tooth", and cervicornis means "deer antler" (average male length excluding mandibles: 13 to 14 cm. average female length: 10 to 11 cm.). It is also known as the "Sabertooth Longhorn beetle". Most of this species’ life is spent in the larval stage, which can last up to 10 years, while its adult phase is likely to last no more than a few months during which time dispersal and reproduction take place. The female lays eggs under the bark of dead or dying softwood trees, and once hatched, the larvae burrow into the rotting wood, creating extensive galleries over a metre long and 10 cm wide. The larvae of M. cervicornis are extremely large, reaching up to 21 cm in length and, unusually for beetle larvae, are coloured brown rather than white.
This species is known from the rain forests of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, the Guianas, and Brazil. Additional described species in the genus extend the overall range of the genus from Guatemala to Argentina.
- World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Macrodontia cervicornis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 11 May 2006. Listed as Vulnerable (VU A1c v2.3)
|Wikispecies has information related to: Macrodontia cervicornis|
|This Prioninae article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|