Macrolepiota

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Macrolepiota
Macrolepiota procera 031026w.jpg
Macrolepiota procera
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Macrolepiota
Singer (1948)
Type species
Macrolepiota procera
(Scop.) Singer (1948)
Synonyms[4]

Macrolepiota is a genus of white spored, gilled mushrooms of the family Agaricaceae. The best-known member is the parasol mushroom (M. procera). The widespread genus contains about 40 species.

Taxonomy[edit]

Macrolepiota was circumscribed by Rolf Singer in 1948, with Macrolepiota procera as the type species.[5]

DNA studies have split this genus into three clades. The macrolepiota clade includes M. procera, M. clelandii, M. dolichaula and closely related species. The macrosporae clade includes species such as M. mastoidea, M. konradii, and M. orientiexcoriata, while the volvatae clade includes M. velosa and M. eucharis.[6][7]

Uses[edit]

Macrolepiota procera, the parasol mushroom, is a well-known and highly esteemed edible species in much of Europe.[8] Macrolepiota albuminosa is eaten in Chinese cuisine, where it is called jīzōng (鸡枞; literally "chicken fir tree").

Species[edit]

As of October 2015, Index Fungorum accepts 42 species of Macrolepiota:[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rick JE. (1938). "Agarici Riograndenses". lilloa. 2: 251–316. 
  2. ^ Locquin M. (1952). "Sur la non-validité de quelques genres d'Agaricales". Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France (in French). 68: 165–69. 
  3. ^ Singer R. (1959). "Dos generos de hongos nuevos para Argentina". Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica (in Spanish). 8 (1): 9–13. 
  4. ^ "Macrolepiota Singer 1948". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-11-27. 
  5. ^ Singer R. (1948). "New and interesting species of Basidiomycetes. II". Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences. 32: 103–50. 
  6. ^ Vellinga EC, de Kok RP, Bruns TD (2003). "Phylogeny and taxonomy of Macrolepiota (Agaricaceae)". Mycologia. 95 (3): 442–56. doi:10.2307/3761886. JSTOR 3761886. PMID 21156633. 
  7. ^ a b c Ge ZW, Yang ZL, Vellinga EC (2010). "The genus Macrolepiota (Agaricaceae, Basidiomycota) in China". Fungal Diversity. 45 (1): 81–98. doi:10.1007/s13225-010-0062-0.  open access publication – free to read
  8. ^ Parasol Mushroom - Private mushroom record of Józef Bossowski
  9. ^ Kirk PM. "Species Fungorum (version 28th September 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2015-10-22. 
  10. ^ Shao LP, Xiang CT (1980). "The study on the Macrolepiota spp. in China". Journal of Northeastern Forestry Institute. 8 (4): 35–38. 
  11. ^ Vellinga EC. (2003). "Chlorophyllum and Macrolepiota (Agaricaceae) in Australia". Australian Systematic Botany. 16 (3): 361–370. doi:10.1071/SB02013. 
  12. ^ Malençon G. (1979). "Champignons du Maroc". Beihefte zur Sydowia (in French). 8: 258–267. 
  13. ^ a b c Lebel T, Syme A (2012). "Sequestrate species of Agaricus and Macrolepiota from Australia: new species and combinations and their position in a calibrated phylogeny". Mycologia. 104 (2): 496–520. doi:10.3852/11-092. PMID 22067305.  open access publication – free to read
  14. ^ Ge ZW, Chen ZH, Yang ZL (2012). "Macrolepiota subcitrophylla sp. nov., a new species with yellowish lamella from southwest China". Mycoscience. 53 (4): 284–289. doi:10.1007/s10267-011-0167-7. 
  15. ^ Vellinga EC, Yang ZL (2003). "Volvolepiota and MacrolepiotaMacrolepiota velosa, a new species from China" (PDF). Mycotaxon. 85: 183–186. 

External links[edit]