Macrotermes

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Giant termites
Isoptera sandias 02.jpg
Structure of an M. natalensis mound
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Superorder: Dictyoptera
Order: Blattodea (prev. Isoptera)
Family: Termitidae
Subfamily: Macrotermitinae
Genus: Macrotermes
Holmgren[1]
Species

See text

Macrotermes is a genus of termites belonging to the family Termitidae and widely distributed throughout Africa and South-East Asia. Like other genera in the Macrotermitinae, they consume dead plant material by cultivating a Basidiomycete fungus of the genus Termitomyces on galleries inside - often very large - termite mounds. Frequently at the beginning of the rainy season, enormous swarms of winged flying adults disperse to establish new colonies.

Species[edit]

The following species have been described:[2][3]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Holmgren N (1913). Termitenstudien 4. Versuch einer systematischen Monographie der Termiten der orientalischen Region. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar 50(2):1-276
  2. ^ Termite catalogue
  3. ^ Organism names
  4. ^ Leuthold RH, Triet H, Schildger B (2004). Husbandry and breeding of African Giant Termites (Macrotermes jeanneli) at Berne Animal Park. Zool. Garten N. F. 74: 1, S. 26-37. Online: "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-07. Retrieved 2016-02-25.