Mactan–Cebu International Airport

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Mactan–Cebu International Airport
Tugpahanang Pangkalibutan sa Mactan–Sugbo (Cebuano)
Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan–Cebu (Filipino)
Mactan Cebu Airport Logo.png
MCIA Terminal 2 from Apron.jpg
Exterior of Terminal 2 and air traffic control tower from apron
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Mactan-Cebu International Airport Authority
Operator GMR-Megawide Cebu Airport Corporation
Serves Metro Cebu and Central Visayas
Location Lapu-Lapu Airport Road, Barangay Ibo, Lapu-Lapu City, Metro Cebu, Central Visayas
Hub for
Built 1956
Elevation AMSL 9 m / 31 ft
Coordinates 10°18′26″N 123°58′44″E / 10.30722°N 123.97889°E / 10.30722; 123.97889Coordinates: 10°18′26″N 123°58′44″E / 10.30722°N 123.97889°E / 10.30722; 123.97889
Website www.mactancebuairport.com
Map
CEB/RPVM is located in Philippines
CEB/RPVM
CEB/RPVM
Location in the Philippines
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 10,050,940[1]
Aircraft movements 86,380
Cargo (in kg) 73,315,110
2017 MCIAA Statistics

Mactan–Cebu International Airport (Cebuano: Tugpahanang Pangkalibutan sa Mactan–Sugbo, Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan–Cebu) (IATA: CEB, ICAO: RPVM) located in Central Visayas region, is the second busiest international airport in the Philippines.[2] It is located in Lapu-Lapu City on Mactan Island, a part of Metro Cebu. The airport is managed by the Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority. It covers an area of 797 hectares (1,970 acres).

It has a single 3,300-meter (10,800 ft) runway that was built by the United States in 1956 as an emergency airport for Strategic Air Command bombers and was known as the Mactan Air Base.[3] The runway is complemented by a full-length taxiway that it shares with the current Mactan Air Base of the Philippine Air Force.

Mactan–Cebu International Airport was chosen as the most viable location for the world's largest aircraft, the Antonov An-225 Mriya, to safely land when considering the combination of onward land transportation, sea freight, and airport capacity. The arrival of the aircraft in the airport marked the very first time that the aircraft landed in the Philippines.[4]

History[edit]

The runway was built by the United States Air Force in 1956 as an emergency airport for Strategic Air Command bombers and it was known as the Mactan Air Base.[3] It remained a spartan outpost until the Vietnam War in the 1960s when it became a base for a C-130 unit of the U.S. Air Force.[3]

In the mid-1960s, the civilian airport was opened, to replace the Lahug Airport (now the site of Cebu IT Park), which could no longer be expanded due to safety and physical problems. The airport was later expanded to the current Mactan–Cebu International Airport (MCIA).

On August 20, 2008, the Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority (MCIAA) announced that about 300 million Philippine pesos will be spent for the terminal expansion program to address the increasing volume of passenger traffic. MCIAA former general manager Danilo Augusto Francia said the program also includes the establishment of a second passenger terminal in the Mactan–Cebu International Airport.[5] In 2009, former general manager Francia announced for the public bidding for the construction of the new generation terminal to service only international flights.

In 2010, the newly elected Philippine President, Benigno Aquino III selected Nigel Paul Villarete as the new General Manager of the Mactan–Cebu International Airport (MCIA)[6] and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of MCIAA. Mr. Villarete prioritized the completion of the terminal expansion[7] and the completion of the unfinished administration building.[8]

Following Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), one of the biggest typhoons ever recorded and one of the most destructive typhoons in the Philippines, the airport was used as a center for air operations for the relief effort. The airport is centrally located in the Visayas which was the region most affected by the storm, especially the Eastern Visayas islands of Leyte and Samar. The Cebu airport was relatively unaffected by the storm while the airports of the Eastern Visayas were unusable immediately after.

On November 12, 2013, the world's longest and heaviest aircraft, the Antonov An-225 Mriya, landed at MCIA from the Zagreb International Airport in Croatia for the first time in the Philippines to deliver a 180-ton replacement transformer from the Croatian energy company KONČAR to the First Gen Corporation's power plant in Batangas City. Officials of First Gen approached MCIAA General Manager Nigel Paul Villarete to allow the Antonov An-225 to utilize the airport for the transportation of their delivery after officials from Clark International Airport, the Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila, and Subic Bay International Airport refused to allow the aircraft to utilize their airports.[9] According to First Gen President Francis Giles Puno, MCIA had been inspected by Antonov Airlines, the owner of the Antonov An-225 aircraft, as the most viable option for their aircraft, "after considering the combination of airport, onward land transport and sea freight."[10]

On April 23, 2014, the Department of Transportation and Communications awarded the operations and maintenance of MCIA to a consortium of the Philippine Megawide Construction Corporation and Bangalore-based GMR Infrastructure. The consortium won with a bid of ₱17.5 billion. MCIAA handed over the operations and maintenance of the airport to the private consortium on November 1, 2014.[11] In the first half of 2016, MCIA and GMCAC started the rehabilitation, renovation and expansion of Terminal 1 as Phase 1 of the project. The new terminal building was designed by Integrated Design Associates Ltd. (IDA)[12][13] On January 25, 2018, GMR–Megawide Cebu Airport Corporation (GMCAC) chief executive advisor Andrew Acquaah-Harrison announced that the new terminal building would be the MCIA Terminal 2[14] will start operations on July 1, 2018 and cater to international flights.[15]

On June 7, 2018, Terminal 2 was inaugurated by President Rodrigo Duterte.[16][17] On August 27, 2018, which is also National Heroes Day in the Philippines, President Duterte expressed support for renaming the airport after Mactan chieftain Lapu-Lapu whose forces killed Ferdinand Magellan during the Battle of Mactan in 1521.[18]

Future development[edit]

President Rodrigo Roa Duterte takes a tour inside the new inaugurated MCIA Terminal 2

On 22 May 2017, Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority (MCIAA) passed a resolution approving the proposal to start the construction of a second runway, which was proposed by Rep. Raul Del Mar of Cebu. Del Mar proposed that the construction of the second runway be funded using P4.9- billion sourced from the P14.4 billion premium given by the GMCAC when it won the bid to develop and manage the MCIA terminal. Once completed, the second runway will be adjacent to the existing first runway and will enable simultaneous runway operations.[19]

Terminals[edit]

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1, which was built in 1990, serves as the airport's domestic terminal. Prior to the completion and opening of Terminal 2, it housed both domestic and international operations and has an annual capacity of 4.5 million passengers. By the end of 2017, it served more than 10 million passengers.[20]

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2, which started construction in 2016 and opened for operations on July 1, 2018, has increased the capacity of the airport to 12.5 million passengers per year.[21] It currently handles all international flights.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

A Boeing 777F operated by Emirates SkyCargo at the airport with relief goods for Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda donated by the United Kingdom's Department for International Development

The airport flies to 25 domestic destinations and 22 international ones.

SilkAir's A320-200 landing.

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air BusanBusan
Air JuanBantayan, Naval, Catbalogan, Maasin, Sipalay, Siquijor, Tagbilaran (ends August 2018)[22], Tagbilaran–Panglao (begins August 2018)
AirSWIFTEl Nido
Asiana AirlinesSeoul–Incheon
Cathay PacificHong Kong
Cebu PacificCaticlan, Clark, Davao, General Santos, Hong Kong, Iloilo, Kalibo, Manila, Puerto Princesa, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Tokyo–Narita, Zamboanga
Cebu Pacific
operated by Cebgo
Bacolod, Butuan, Busuanga, Cagayan de Oro, Calbayog, Camiguin, Caticlan, Dipolog, Dumaguete, Iloilo, Legazpi, Ozamiz, Pagadian, Siargao, Surigao, Tacloban, Tandag, Zamboanga
China Eastern AirlinesGuangzhou,[23] Shanghai–Pudong[24]
Seasonal: Chengdu, Nanjing[25]
EmiratesDubai–International1
EVA AirTaipei–Taoyuan
Jeju AirBusan, Seoul–Incheon
Jin AirBusan, Seoul–Incheon
Juneyao AirlinesShanghai–Pudong[26]
Korean AirSeoul–Incheon
Lucky AirKunming[27]
Mandarin AirlinesCharter: Taipei–Taoyuan
Okay AirwaysChangsha,[28] Xi'an[24]
Pan Pacific AirlinesMuan, Seoul–Incheon[29]
Philippine AirlinesBangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[30] Beijing–Capital, Davao, Nagoya–Centrair, Manila, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita
Seasonal: Taipei–Taoyuan[31]
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Bacolod, Busuanga, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Caticlan, Camiguin,[32] Clark,[33] Chengdu,[34] Davao, General Santos, Iloilo, Kalibo, Legazpi,[35] Manila, Ozamiz,[36] Puerto Princesa, Siargao,[37] Tacloban
Philippines AirAsiaCagayan De Oro (begins October 28, 2018), Caticlan, Clark, Davao, Hangzhou, [38] Kalibo,[39] Kuala Lumpur–International, Manila, Puerto Princesa, Seoul–Incheon, Shenzhen [40] Shanghai–Pudong, [38] Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan
ScootSingapore
Sichuan AirlinesChongqing
SilkAirSingapore2
SkyJet Charter: Catarman, Tuguegarao[41]
T'way AirlinesDaegu
Tigerair Taiwan Taipei–Taoyuan (begins December 2, 2018)[42]
Vanilla AirTokyo–Narita
XiamenAirFuzhou, Xiamen

^Note 1 : Emirates flights continue on to Clark. However, the airline does not have eighth freedom traffic rights to transport passengers solely from Cebu to Clark.
^Note 2 : This flight makes an intermediate stop between Cebu and the listed destination. However, it has no rights to transport passengers solely between Cebu and the intermediate stop.
^Note 3 : Beginning July 1, 2018 all International Flights will be moved to the newly built Terminal 2 but all Domestic Flights will remain at Terminal 1.

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
FedEx Express Guangzhou
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Hong Kong

Statistics[edit]

Exterior of Terminal 1

Passenger traffic[edit]

Terminal 1's departure waiting area.
Year Passenger

movements

% change from

previous year

1991 1,459,669
1992 1,690,015 Increase 15.8%
1993 1,808,745 Increase 7.0%
1994 1,958,706 Increase 8.3%
1995 2,149,107 Increase 9.7%
1996 2,402,384 Increase 11.8%
1997 2,718,621 Increase 13.2%
1998 2,071,804 Decrease 23.8%
1999 2,296,154 Increase 10.8%
2000 2,302,849 Increase 0.3%
2001 2,252,733 Decrease 2.2%
2002 2,135,216 Decrease 5.2%
2003 2,272,782 Increase 6.4%
2004 2,611,762 Increase 14.9%
2005 2,778,664 Increase 6.4%
2006 3,070,612 Increase 10.5%
2007 3,731,500 Increase 21.5%
2008 3,991,250 Increase 7.0%
2009 4,762,903 Increase 19.3%
2010 5,413,452 Increase 13.7%
2011 6,215,946 Increase 14.8%
2012 6,771,318 Increase 8.9%
2013 6,996,112 Increase 3.3%
2014 6,839,849 Decrease 2.2%
2015 7,781,239 Increase 13.8%
2016 8,830,638 Increase 13.5%
2017 10,050,940 Increase 13.8%

[43][44][45]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Hoontrakul, P. (2014). The Global Rise of Asian Transformation: Trends and Developments in Economic Growth Dynamics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 
  3. ^ a b c "Mactan–Benito Ebuen Air Base". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Powernews | POWERnEWS | Page 235". cherjam.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2016-02-19. 
  5. ^ Mactan–Cebu airport to set aside P300-M for expansion Archived September 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Positive News Media, "P-Noy names four Cebuanos to Mactan airport board", "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 28, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2011. 
  7. ^ http://www.passengerterminaltoday.com, news, "Expanded Mactan–Cebu to open in November," http://www.passengerterminaltoday.com/news.php?NewsID=27172
  8. ^ Gregg M. Rubio/FPL (The Freeman), November 3, 2010, "Villarete to finish MCIAA administrative building despite corruption tag," http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=626707&publicationSubCategoryId=107
  9. ^ Alegado, Sieg (November 12, 2013). "World's biggest plane to deliver 140-ton power generator to PHL". GMA News Online. GMA Network Inc. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  10. ^ Sollane, Jose (November 13, 2013). "World's biggest airplane in Cebu". The Freeman. PhilStar Daily, Inc. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  11. ^ Agcaoili, Lawrence (April 23, 2014). "Megawide-GMR remits P16.1-B payment for Cebu airport project". Philstar.com. 
  12. ^ [1][dead link]
  13. ^ [2][dead link]
  14. ^ Bunachita, Jose Santino (January 25, 2018). "New Mactan Cebu Airport terminal seen to open ahead of schedule". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved February 27, 2018. 
  15. ^ Lopez, Virgil (June 7, 2018). "Duterte inaugurates new 'resort-like' Mactan Cebu airport terminal". GMA News. Retrieved June 7, 2018. 
  16. ^ "Duterte inaugurates new 'resort-like' Mactan Cebu airport terminal". GMA News Online. Retrieved 2018-06-07. 
  17. ^ Bunachita, Jose Santino. "Duterte leads inauguration of new Mactan airport passenger terminal". Retrieved June 7, 2018. 
  18. ^ Adel, Rosette (August 27, 2018). "Duterte favors renaming Mactan airport in Cebu after Lapu-Lapu". The Philippine STAR. Retrieved August 28, 2018. 
  19. ^ Fernandez, Rona Joyce T. (May 21, 2017). "2nd runway project a 'go'". 
  20. ^ [3][dead link]
  21. ^ "Megawide to open Mactan-Cebu airport Terminal 2 in June". BusinessMirror. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
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  23. ^ "China Eastern Airlines adds Philippines connection". January 22, 2018. 
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  25. ^ "东航江苏公司18年部分新增航线及春运加班计划出炉". 
  26. ^ "Juneyao Airlines plans Cebu service from Oct 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  27. ^ "Lucky Air schedules Philippines service in June 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  28. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Okay Airways adds Changsha – Cebu service from June 2018". 
  29. ^ "Pan Pacific Airlines - Schedule". Pan Pacific Airlines. 
  30. ^ "Philippine Airlines proposing Cebu – Bangkok Dec 2017 launch". routesonline. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  31. ^ "Oops! Looks like the site is currently undergoing maintenance" (PDF). www.philippineairlines.com. 
  32. ^ "Flight Timetable". www.philippineairlines.com. 
  33. ^ "Flight Timetable". www.philippineairlines.com. 
  34. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Philippine Airlines Chengdu service changes from Aug 2017". 
  35. ^ "Oops! Looks like the site is currently undergoing maintenance" (PDF). www.philippineairlines.com. 
  36. ^ "Flight Timetable". www.philippineairlines.com. 
  37. ^ "Oops! Looks like the site is currently undergoing maintenance" (PDF). www.philippineairlines.com. 
  38. ^ a b 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Philippines AirAsia further expands Cebu – China network in S18". 
  39. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Philippines AirAsia new domestic routes from June 2017". 
  40. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Philippines AirAsia adds Cebu – Shenzhen from May 2018". 
  41. ^ "SkyJet: CHARTER SERVICE". SkyJet. September 8, 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  42. ^ "tigerair Taiwan adds Cebu service from Dec 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 17 September 2018. 
  43. ^ "PASSENGER MOVEMENT". www.mciaa.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-01-11. 
  44. ^ "PASSENGERS". www.mciaa.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-08. 
  45. ^ "PASSENGERS 2017" (PDF). www.mciaa.gov.ph. Retrieved 2018-05-26. 

External links[edit]