Mactan–Cebu International Airport

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Mactan–Cebu International Airport
Tugpahanang Pangkalibutan sa Mactan–Sugbo (Cebuano)
Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan–Cebu (Tagalog)
Mactan Cebu Airport Logo.png
Cebu (Lapu-Lapu) - Mactan International (Gen Benito Ebuen AB) (CEB - RPVM) AN2256521.jpg
Exterior of Mactan–Cebu International Airport
IATA: CEBICAO: RPVM
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority
Serves Metro Cebu
Location Lapu-Lapu Airport Road, Ibo, Lapu-Lapu City, Metro Cebu, Philippines
Hub for AirAsia Zest
Cebu Pacific
PAL Express
Philippine Airlines
Built 1956
Elevation AMSL 11 m / 36 ft
Coordinates 10°18′48″N 123°58′58″E / 10.31333°N 123.98278°E / 10.31333; 123.98278Coordinates: 10°18′48″N 123°58′58″E / 10.31333°N 123.98278°E / 10.31333; 123.98278
Website mactancebuairport.com
Map
CEB/RPVM is located in Philippines
CEB/RPVM
CEB/RPVM
Location in the Philippines
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 6,839,849
Aircraft movements 56,281
Cargo (in kgs) 54,130,285
2014 MCIAA Statistcs

Mactan–Cebu International Airport (Cebuano: Tugpahanang Pangkalibutan sa Mactan–Sugbo, Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan–Cebu) (IATA: CEBICAO: RPVM) located in Central Visayas region, is the second busiest airport of the Philippines[1] and one of the top 20 airports in the ASEAN region in 2011.[citation needed] It is located in Lapu-Lapu City on Mactan Island, part of Metro Cebu. The airport is managed by the Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority. It covers an area of 797 hectares (1,970 acres).

It has a single 3,300-meter (10,800 ft) runway that was built by the United States in 1956 as an emergency airport for Strategic Air Command bombers and was known as the Mactan Air Base.[2] The runway is complemented by a full-length taxiway that it shares with the current Mactan Air Base of the Philippine Air Force.

Mactan–Cebu International Airport was chosen as the most viable location for the world's largest aircraft, the Antonov An-225 Mriya, to safely land when considering the combination of onward land transportation, sea freight, and airport capacity. The arrival of the aircraft in the airport marked the very first time that the aircraft landed in the Philippines.

History[edit]

The runway was built by the United States Air Force in 1956 as an emergency airport for Strategic Air Command bombers and it was known as the Mactan Air Base.[2] It remained a spartan outpost until the Vietnam War in the 1960s when it became a base for a C-130 unit of the U.S. Air Force.[2]

In the mid-1960s, the civilian airport was opened, to replace the Lahug Airport (now the site of Cebu IT Park), which could no longer be expanded due to safety and physical problems. The airport was later expanded to the current Mactan–Cebu International Airport (MCIA).

On August 20, 2008, the Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority (MCIAA) announced that about 300 million Philippine pesos will be spent for the terminal expansion program to address the increasing volume of passenger traffic. MCIAA former general manager Danilo Augusto Francia said the program also includes the establishment of a second passenger terminal in the Mactan–Cebu International Airport.[3] In 2009, former general manager Francia announced for the public bidding for the construction of the new generation terminal to service only international flight.

In 2010, the newly elected Philippine President, Benigno Aquino III selected Nigel Paul Villarete as the new General Manager of the Mactan–Cebu International Airport (MCIA)[4] and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of MCIAA. Mr. Villarete prioritized the completion of the terminal expansion[5] and the completion of the unfinished administration building.[6]

A Boeing 777F operated by Emirates SkyCargo at the airport with relief goods for Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda donated by the United Kingdom's Department for International Development.
Air Asia Zest A320

Following Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), one of the biggest typhoons ever recorded and one of the most destructive typhoons in the Philippines, the airport was used as a center for air operations for the relief effort. The airport is centrally located in the Visayas which was the region most affected by the storm, especially the Eastern Visayas islands of Leyte and Samar. The Cebu airport was relatively unaffected by the storm while the airports of the Eastern Visayas were unusable immediately after.

On November 12, 2013, the world's longest and heaviest aircraft, the Antonov An-225 Mriya, landed at MCIA from the Zagreb International Airport in Croatia for the first time in the Philippines to deliver a 180-ton replacement transformer from the Croatian energy company KONČAR to the First Gen Corporation's power plant in Batangas City. Officials of First Gen approached MCIAA General Manager Nigel Paul Villarete to allow the Antonov An-225 to utilize the airport for the transportation of their delivery after officials from Clark International Airport, the Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila, and Subic Bay International Airport refused to allow the aircraft to utilize their airports.[7] According to First Gen President Francis Giles Puno, MCIA had been inspected by Antonov Airlines, the owner of the Antonov An-225 aircraft, as the most viable option for their aircraft, "after considering the combination of airport, onward land transport and sea freight."[8]

On April 23, 2014, the Department of Transportation and Communications awarded the operations and maintenance of MCIA to a consortium of the Philippine Megawide Construction Corporation and Bangalore-based GMR Infrastructure. The consortium won with a bid of 17.5 billion Philippine pesos. MCIAA will turn over to the private consortium the operations and maintenance of the airport starting October 2014.[9] The new terminal building to be designed by local architects[10] is expected to be completed by 2018.[11]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The existing terminal houses both domestic and international operations and has an annual capacity of 4.5 million passengers.[12]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International
AirAsia Zest Manila, Seoul–Incheon
Air Busan Busan
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Cebgo Bacolod, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Camiguin, Caticlan, Dipolog, Dumaguete, Iloilo, Legazpi, Manila, Pagadian, Siargao, Surigao, Tacloban, Tandag
Cebu Pacific Bacolod, Busuanga, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Clark, Davao, General Santos, Hong Kong, Iloilo, Kalibo, Manila, Ozamiz, Puerto Princesa, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita, Zamboanga
Charter: Busan, Seoul–Incheon
China Airlines Charter: Taipei–Taoyuan[13]
Emirates Dubai–International1 (begins March 30, 2016)[14]
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan (begins March 27, 2016)[15]
Jeju Air Seoul–Incheon
Jin Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Korean Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Orenair Seasonal Charter: Moscow-Sheremetyevo[16]
Philippine Airlines Los Angeles (begins March 15, 2016),[17] Manila, Nagoya–Centrair,[18] Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita
Charter: Nanning[19]
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Bacolod, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Davao, Iloilo, Manila, Tacloban
SilkAir Singapore1
Tigerair Singapore1
XiamenAir Xiamen (begins March 28, 2016)[20]
Notes
  • ^1 : This flight may make a stop between Cebu and the listed destination. However, the airline does not have rights to transport passengers solely between Cebu and the intermediate stop.
Cargo Airlines
2GO (Air)
FedEx Express
Pacific East Asia Cargo Airlines
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines
TransGlobal Airways

Incidents/Accidents[edit]

On December 11, 1994, Philippine Airlines Flight 434 was flying on its second leg of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport – Mactan–Cebu International Airport – New Tokyo International Airport (now Narita International Airport) route when a bomb on board exploded, killing a passenger. The airliner was able to make an emergency landing. Authorities later found out that Ramzi Yousef planted the bomb on the airliner to test the bomb for his Project Bojinka plot. His project was discovered in Manila after an apartment fire on the night of January 5 and the morning of January 6, 1995.

Ramzi Yousef was on board Flight 434 from Manila when he planted the bomb beneath a vacant seat. He used a fake identity thus he was able to pass through security in Manila. Yousef set the time for the bomb to blow off when the airplane was already in its Cebu–Tokyo leg. Yousef got off the plane during the stopover in Cebu from Manila.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hoontrakul, P. (2014). The Global Rise of Asian Transformation: Trends and Developments in Economic Growth Dynamics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 
  2. ^ a b c "Mactan–Benito Ebuen Air Base". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  3. ^ Mactan–Cebu airport to set aside P300-M for expansion
  4. ^ Positive News Media, "P-Noy names four Cebuanos to Mactan airport board", http://www.allvoices.com/s/event-6803478/aHR0cDovL3Bvc2l0aXZlbmV3c21lZGlhLm5ldC9hbTIvcHVibGlzaC9CdXNpbmVzc18xOS9QLU5veV9uYW1lc19mb3VyX0NlYnVhbm9zX3RvX01hY3Rhbl9haXJwb3J0X2JvYXJkLnNodG1s
  5. ^ http://www.passengerterminaltoday.com, news, "Expanded Mactan–Cebu to open in November," http://www.passengerterminaltoday.com/news.php?NewsID=27172
  6. ^ Gregg M. Rubio/FPL (The Freeman), November 3, 2010, "Villarete to finish MCIAA administrative building despite corruption tag," http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=626707&publicationSubCategoryId=107
  7. ^ Alegado, Sieg (November 12, 2013). "World's biggest plane to deliver 140-ton power generator to PHL". GMA News Online (GMA Network Inc.). Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  8. ^ Sollane, Jose (November 13, 2013). "World’s biggest airplane in Cebu". The Freeman (PhilStar Daily, Inc.). Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  9. ^ http://www.philstar.com/business/2014/04/23/1314907/megawide-gmr-remits-p16.1-b-payment-cebu-airport-project
  10. ^ http://www.mb.com.ph/megawide-gmr-airport-design-reflects-cebu-culture/
  11. ^ http://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Business-Briefs/PhilippineIndia-consortium-to-overhaul-Cebu-airport-by-2018
  12. ^ http://ppp.gov.ph/?p=7469
  13. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/12/09/ciae-ceb-jan15/
  14. ^ "Emirates Adds Cebu / Clark Service from late-March 2016". airlineroute.net. Airline Route. December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2015. 
  15. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/12/21/br-ceb-s16/
  16. ^ "PH Embassy hosts launch of Moscow-Cebu charter flights". Department of Foreign Affairs - Philippines Official webpage. October 24, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  17. ^ "PAL to launch Cebu-Los Angeles direct flights in 2016". Rappler. August 6, 2015. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  18. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/08/29/pr-cebngo-dec14/
  19. ^ http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2015-07/26/c_134448499.htm
  20. ^ "Xiamen Airlines Adds Xiamen – Cebu Route from late-March 2016". airlineroute.net. Airline Route. January 12, 2016. Retrieved January 12, 2016. 

External links[edit]