Mactan–Cebu International Airport

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Mactan–Cebu International Airport

Tugpahanang Pangkalibutan sa Mactan–Sugbo
Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan–Cebu
Mactan Cebu Airport Logo.png
MCIA Terminal 2 from Apron.jpg
Exterior of Terminal 2 and air traffic control tower from apron
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerMactan-Cebu International Airport Authority
OperatorGMR-Megawide Cebu Airport Corporation
ServesMetro Cebu and Central Visayas
LocationLapu-Lapu Airport Road, Barangay Ibo, Lapu-Lapu City, Metro Cebu, Central Visayas
Hub for
Built1956
Elevation AMSL9 m / 31 ft
Coordinates10°18′26″N 123°58′44″E / 10.30722°N 123.97889°E / 10.30722; 123.97889Coordinates: 10°18′26″N 123°58′44″E / 10.30722°N 123.97889°E / 10.30722; 123.97889
Websitewww.mactancebuairport.com
Map
CEB/RPVM is located in Philippines
CEB/RPVM
CEB/RPVM
Location in the Philippines
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers11,377,887
Increase 13.20%
Aircraft movements100,449
Increase 16.29%
Cargo (in kg)82,057,840
Increase 11.92%
Source: MCIAA[1]

Mactan–Cebu International Airport (Cebuano: Tugpahanang Pangkalibutan sa Mactan–Sugbo, Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan–Cebu) (IATA: CEB, ICAO: RPVM) located in Central Visayas region, is the second busiest international airport in the Philippines that serves Cebu City and its metropolitan area as well as the Central Visayas.[2] It is located in Lapu-Lapu City on Mactan Island, a part of Metro Cebu. The airport is managed by the Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority. It is the world’s first resort airport. It covers an area of 797 hectares (1,970 acres).

It has a single 3,300-meter (10,800 ft) runway that was built by the United States in 1956 as an emergency airport for Strategic Air Command bombers and was known as the Mactan Air Base.[3] The runway is complemented by a full-length taxiway that it shares with the current Mactan Air Base of the Philippine Air Force.

History[edit]

The runway was built by the United States Air Force in 1956 as an emergency airport for Strategic Air Command bombers and it was known as the Mactan Air Base.[3] It remained a spartan outpost until the Vietnam War in the 1960s when it became a base for a C-130 unit of the U.S. Air Force.[3]

In the mid-1960s, the civilian airport was opened, to replace the Lahug Airport (now the site of Cebu IT Park), which could no longer be expanded due to safety and physical problems. The airport was later expanded to the current Mactan–Cebu International Airport (MCIA).

On August 20, 2008, the Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority (MCIAA) announced that about 300 million Philippine pesos will be spent for the terminal expansion program to address the increasing volume of passenger traffic. MCIAA former general manager Danilo Augusto Francia said the program also includes the establishment of a second passenger terminal in the Mactan–Cebu International Airport.[4] In 2009, former general manager Francia announced for the public bidding for the construction of the new generation terminal to service only international flights.

In 2010, the newly elected Philippine President, Benigno Aquino III selected Nigel Paul Villarete as the new General Manager of the Mactan–Cebu International Airport (MCIA)[5] and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of MCIAA. Mr. Villarete prioritized the completion of the terminal expansion[6] and the completion of the unfinished administration building.[7]

Following Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), one of the biggest typhoons ever recorded and one of the most destructive typhoons in the Philippines, the airport was used as a center for air operations for the relief effort. The airport is centrally located in the Visayas which was the region most affected by the storm, especially the Eastern Visayas islands of Leyte and Samar. The Cebu airport was relatively unaffected by the storm while the airports of the Eastern Visayas were unusable immediately after.

On November 12, 2013, the world's longest and heaviest aircraft, the Antonov An-225 Mriya, landed at MCIA from the Zagreb International Airport in Croatia for the first time in the Philippines to deliver a 180-ton replacement transformer from the Croatian energy company KONČAR to the First Gen Corporation's power plant in Batangas City. Officials of First Gen approached MCIAA General Manager Nigel Paul Villarete to allow the Antonov An-225 to utilize the airport for the transportation of their delivery after officials from Clark International Airport, the Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila, and Subic Bay International Airport refused to allow the aircraft to utilize their airports.[8] According to First Gen President Francis Giles Puno, MCIA had been inspected by Antonov Airlines, the owner of the Antonov An-225 aircraft, as the most viable option for their aircraft, "after considering the combination of airport, onward land transport and sea freight."[9]

On April 23, 2014, the Department of Transportation and Communications awarded the operations and maintenance of MCIA to a consortium of the Philippine Megawide Construction Corporation and Bangalore-based GMR Infrastructure. The consortium won with a bid of ₱17.5 billion. MCIAA handed over the operations and maintenance of the airport to the private consortium on November 1, 2014.[10] In the first half of 2016, MCIA and GMCAC started the rehabilitation, renovation and expansion of Terminal 1 as Phase 1 of the project. The new terminal building was designed by Integrated Design Associates Ltd. (IDA)[11][12] On January 25, 2018, GMR–Megawide Cebu Airport Corporation (GMCAC) chief executive advisor Andrew Acquaah-Harrison announced that the new terminal building would be the MCIA Terminal 2[13] will start operations on July 1, 2018 and cater to international flights.[14]

On June 7, 2018, Terminal 2 was inaugurated by President Rodrigo Duterte.[15][16] On August 27, 2018, which is also National Heroes Day in the Philippines, President Duterte expressed support for renaming the airport after Mactan chieftain Lapu-Lapu whose forces killed Ferdinand Magellan during the Battle of Mactan in 1521.[17]

Future development[edit]

President Rodrigo Roa Duterte takes a tour inside the new inaugurated MCIA Terminal 2

On 22 May 2017, Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority (MCIAA) passed a resolution approving the proposal to start the construction of a second runway, which was proposed by Rep. Raul Del Mar of Cebu. Del Mar proposed that the construction of the second runway be funded using P4.9- billion sourced from the P14.4 billion premium given by the GMCAC when it won the bid to develop and manage the MCIA terminal. Once completed, the second runway will be adjacent to the existing first runway and will enable simultaneous runway operations.[18]

Terminals[edit]

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1, which was built in 1990, serves as the airport's domestic terminal. Prior to the completion and opening of Terminal 2, it housed both domestic and international operations and has an annual capacity of 4.5 million passengers. By the end of 2017, it served more than 10 million passengers.[19]

The terminal has six boarding bridges and also has remote parking spaces for aircraft.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2, which started construction in 2016 and opened for operations on July 1, 2018, is the newest airport terminal and has increased the capacity of the airport to 12.5 million passengers per year.[20] It currently handles all international flights. The design of the terminal has timber arches that look like an inverted boat hull, and a wave-like roof that evokes a tropical and resort-like feel. It represents the sea waves that surrounds the island of Cebu.

The new terminal building has five boarding bridges, two of which are expandable, thus making a total of seven boarding bridges.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

A Boeing 777F operated by Emirates SkyCargo at the airport with relief goods for Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda donated by the United Kingdom's Department for International Development

The airport flies to 25 domestic destinations and 22 international ones.

SilkAir's A320-200 landing.

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air BusanBusan
Air JuanBantayan, Catbalogan, Maasin, Naval, Sipalay, Siquijor, Tagbilaran
AirSWIFTEl Nido
Asiana AirlinesSeoul–Incheon
Cathay PacificHong Kong
Cebu PacificCaticlan, Cagayan de Oro, Clark, Davao, General Santos, Hong Kong, Iloilo, Kalibo, Macau, Manila, Puerto Princesa, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong,[21] Singapore, Tokyo–Narita, Zamboanga
Cebu Pacific
operated by Cebgo
Bacolod, Busuanga, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Calbayog, Camiguin, Caticlan, Dipolog, Dumaguete, Iloilo, Legazpi, Manila, Ozamiz, Pagadian, Siargao, Surigao, Tacloban, Zamboanga
China Eastern AirlinesShanghai–Pudong
China Southern AirlinesGuangzhou
EmiratesDubai–International1
EVA AirTaipei–Taoyuan
Far Eastern Air TransportCharter: Taipei–Taoyuan[22]
Jeju AirBusan, Muan, Seoul–Incheon
Jin AirBusan, Seoul–Incheon
Juneyao AirlinesShanghai–Pudong
Korean AirSeoul–Incheon
Lucky AirKunming
Pan Pacific AirlinesSeoul–Incheon
Philippine AirlinesBangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Clark, Davao, Manila, Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Bacolod, Busuanga, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Camiguin, Clark, Caticlan, Davao, General Santos, Iloilo, Kalibo, Legazpi, Manila, Ozamiz, Puerto Princesa, Siargao, Tacloban
Philippines AirAsiaCagayan De Oro, Caticlan, Clark, Davao, Kalibo, Kaohsiung (begins August 1, 2019),[23] Kuala Lumpur–International, Macau, Manila, Puerto Princesa, Seoul–Incheon, Shenzhen, Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan
Royal AirCagayan de Oro (begins May 21, 2019),[24] Caticlan (begins May 21, 2019),[25] Davao, Manila, Puerto Princesa

Charter: Macau

ScootSingapore
Sichuan AirlinesChongqing
SilkAirSingapore2
T'way AirlinesDaegu
Tigerair Taiwan Taipei–Taoyuan
XiamenAirChengdu,[26] Fuzhou, Xiamen

^Note 1 : Emirates flights continue on to Clark. However, the airline does not have eighth freedom traffic rights to transport passengers solely from Cebu to Clark.
^Note 2 : This flight makes an intermediate stop between Cebu and the listed destination. However, it has no rights to transport passengers solely between Cebu and the intermediate stop.

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
FedEx Express Guangzhou
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Hong Kong

Statistics[edit]

Terminal 1's departure waiting area.
Exterior of Terminal 1

Data from Mactan-Cebu International Airport Authority (MCIAA).[27]

Passenger movements[edit]

Year Domestic International Total Change
1991 1,401,671 57,988 1,459,659 Steady
1992 1,592,173 97,842 1,690,015 Increase 15.78%
1993 1,635,779 172,966 1,808,745 Increase 7.03%
1994 1,714,104 244,602 1,958,706 Increase 8.29%
1995 1,841,904 307,203 2,149,107 Increase 9.72%
1996 2,047,966 354,818 2,402,784 Increase 11.80%
1997 2,331,431 387,190 2,718,621 Increase 13.14%
1998 1,759,141 312,663 2,071,804 Decrease 23.79%
1999 1,912,107 384,047 2,296,154 Increase 10.83%
2000 1,889,114 403,735 2,292,849 Decrease 0.14%
2001 1,855,363 397,370 2,252,733 Decrease 1.75%
2002 1,709,259 425,957 2,135,216 Decrease 5.22%
2003 1,850,453 422,329 2,272,782 Increase 6.44%
2004 2,033,556 578,206 2,611,762 Increase 14.91%
2005 2,106,380 672,284 2,778,664 Increase 6.39%
2006 2,291,952 778,210 3,070,162 Increase 10.49%
2007 2,765,523 965,977 3,731,500 Increase 21.54%
2008 2,997,161 994,089 3,991,250 Increase 6.96%
2009 3,841,990 920,913 4,762,903 Increase 19.33%
2010 4,206,651 1,206,801 5,413,452 Increase 13.66%
2011 4,748,333 1,467,613 6,215,946 Increase 14.82%
2012 5,257,941 1,513,377 6,771,318 Increase 8.93%
2013 5,369,929 1,626,183 6,996,112 Increase 3.32%
2014 5,160,109 1,679,740 6,839,849 Decrease 2.23%
2015 5,769,104 2,012,135 7,781,239 Increase 13.76%
2016 6,334,283 2,436,355 8,770,638 Increase 12.72%
2017 6,904,978 3,145,962 10,050,940 Increase 14.60%
2018 7,611,398 3,766,489 11,377,887 Increase 13.20%

Aircraft movements[edit]

Year Domestic International Total Change
1991 22,495 786 23,281 Steady
1992 22,638 919 23,557 Increase 1.19%
1993 18,401 1,508 19,909 Decrease 15.49%
1994 18,191 2,109 20,300 Increase 1.96%
1995 18,854 2,565 21,419 Increase 5.51%
1996 21,136 3,079 24,215 Increase 13.05%
1997 23,537 3,398 26,935 Increase 11.23%
1998 18,281 3,022 21,303 Decrease 20.91%
1999 21,936 3,986 25,922 Increase 21.68%
2000 20,691 3,509 24,200 Decrease 6.64%
2001 24,304 4,140 28,444 Increase 17.54%
2002 24,366 3,601 27,967 Decrease 1.68%
2003 24,488 3,886 28,374 Increase 1.46%
2004 23,837 4,261 28,098 Decrease 0.97%
2005 22,444 4,653 27,097 Decrease 3.56%
2006 22,128 5,621 27,749 Increase 2.41%
2007 24,004 7,373 31,377 Increase 13.07%
2008 27,205 7,619 34,824 Increase 10.99%
2009 37,328 7,011 44,339 Increase 27.32%
2010 39,470 7,907 47,377 Increase 6.85%
2011 44,300 9,509 53,809 Increase 13.58%
2012 49,242 9,646 58,888 Increase 9.44%
2013 53,954 10,991 64,945 Increase 10.29%
2014 44,651 11,630 56,281 Decrease 13.34%
2015 48,850 13,363 62,213 Increase 10.54%
2016 55,804 15,739 71,543 Increase 15.00%
2017 65,310 21,070 86,380 Increase 20.74%
2018 75,010 25,439 100,449 Increase 16.29%

Cargo movements[edit]

Year Domestic (in kg) International (in kg) Total (in kg) Change
1991 22,704,044 577,966 23,282,010 Steady
1992 24,157,026 1,914,630 26,071,656 Increase 11.98%
1993 28,782,759 739,662 29,522,421 Increase 13.24%
1994 35,487,442 1,106,365 36,593,807 Increase 23.95%
1995 34,094,876 6,837,271 40,932,147 Increase 11.86%
1996 38,506,657 10,862,813 49,369,470 Increase 20.61%
1997 40,635,709 12,082,148 52,717,857 Increase 6.78%
1998 28,087,092 18,598,134 46,685,226 Decrease 11.44%
1999 26,458,875 19,189,755 45,648,630 Decrease 2.22%
2000 34,271,494 22,326,355 56,597,849 Increase 23.99%
2001 32,985,484 19,712,628 52,698,112 Decrease 6.89%
2002 26,603,917 19,840,629 46,444,546 Decrease 11.87%
2003 30,048,371 19,428,129 49,476,500 Increase 6.53%
2004 37,985,572 19,678,009 57,663,581 Increase 16.55%
2005 34,851,582 17,343,810 52,195,392 Decrease 9.48%
2006 31,851,644 18,773,805 50,625,449 Decrease 3.01%
2007 34,274,471 19,198,453 53,472,924 Increase 5.62%
2008 31,504,729 17,435,687 48,940,416 Decrease 8.48%
2009 31,248,525 14,610,526 45,859,051 Decrease 6.30%
2010 36,191,069 18,686,898 54,877,967 Increase 19.67%
2011 36,511,394 15,271,651 51,783,045 Decrease 5.64%
2012 43,415,209 13,558,398 56,973,607 Increase 10.02%
2013 46,548,042 15,186,420 61,734,462 Increase 8.36%
2014 39,081,696 15,048,599 54,130,295 Decrease 12.32%
2015 65,378,724 19,353,499 84,732,223 Increase 56.53%
2016 49,976,828 16,947,007 66,923,835 Decrease 21.02%
2017 55,340,945 17,974,165 73,315,110 Increase 9.55%
2018 62,817,080 19,240,760 82,057,840 Increase 11.92%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Department of Transportation - Mactan-Cebu International Airport Authority. "Passengers 2017". Mactan-Cebu International Airport Authority. Retrieved February 11, 2018.
  2. ^ Hoontrakul, P. (2014). The Global Rise of Asian Transformation: Trends and Developments in Economic Growth Dynamics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  3. ^ a b c "Mactan–Benito Ebuen Air Base". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
  4. ^ Mactan–Cebu airport to set aside P300-M for expansion Archived September 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Positive News Media, "P-Noy names four Cebuanos to Mactan airport board", "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 28, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ http://www.passengerterminaltoday.com, news, "Expanded Mactan–Cebu to open in November," http://www.passengerterminaltoday.com/news.php?NewsID=27172
  7. ^ Gregg M. Rubio/FPL (The Freeman), November 3, 2010, "Villarete to finish MCIAA administrative building despite corruption tag," http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=626707&publicationSubCategoryId=107
  8. ^ Alegado, Sieg (November 12, 2013). "World's biggest plane to deliver 140-ton power generator to PHL". GMA News Online. GMA Network Inc. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
  9. ^ Sollane, Jose (November 13, 2013). "World's biggest airplane in Cebu". The Freeman. PhilStar Daily, Inc. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
  10. ^ Agcaoili, Lawrence (April 23, 2014). "Megawide-GMR remits P16.1-B payment for Cebu airport project". Philstar.com.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 17, 2014. Retrieved May 17, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 20, 2014. Retrieved May 17, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Bunachita, Jose Santino (January 25, 2018). "New Mactan Cebu Airport terminal seen to open ahead of schedule". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
  14. ^ Lopez, Virgil (June 7, 2018). "Duterte inaugurates new 'resort-like' Mactan Cebu airport terminal". GMA News. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  15. ^ "Duterte inaugurates new 'resort-like' Mactan Cebu airport terminal". GMA News Online. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  16. ^ Bunachita, Jose Santino. "Duterte leads inauguration of new Mactan airport passenger terminal". Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  17. ^ Adel, Rosette (August 27, 2018). "Duterte favors renaming Mactan airport in Cebu after Lapu-Lapu". The Philippine STAR. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  18. ^ Fernandez, Rona Joyce T. (May 21, 2017). "2nd runway project a 'go'".
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 7, 2013. Retrieved May 19, 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "Megawide to open Mactan-Cebu airport Terminal 2 in June". BusinessMirror. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  21. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/283538/cebu-pacific-adds-cebu-shanghai-service-from-mid-april-2019/
  22. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/282233/far-eastern-air-adds-taipei-cebu-charters-in-feb-2019/
  23. ^ Liu, Jim. "Philippines AirAsia expands Cebu international service from Aug 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  24. ^ https://www.facebook.com/flyroyalair/photos/a.316343472429775/395702841160504
  25. ^ https://www.facebook.com/flyroyalair/photos/a.316343472429775/397591814304940/
  26. ^ "Xiamen Airlines plans Chengdu – Cebu service from April 2019". routesonline. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  27. ^ "GRAPHS – Mactan – Cebu International Airport Authority". Retrieved January 12, 2019.

External links[edit]