Mactra glauca

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Mactra glauca
Mactra glauca2.jpg
Eemian fossil valves of Mactra glauca from the North Sea.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalva
Order: Veneroida
Family: Mactridae
Genus: Mactra
Species: M. glauca
Binomial name
Mactra glauca
Born, 1778
Synonyms[1]
  • Mactra glauca var. luteola Jeffreys, 1864
  • Mactra helvacea Lamarck, 1818
  • Mactra neapolitana Poli, 1791
  • Mactra sericea Brusina, 1865

Mactra glauca is a species of saltwater clam, a marine bivalve mollusc in the family Mactridae, the trough shells.

Appearance[edit]

Mactra glauca has a broadly triangular, thin, glossy shell up to 115mm in length.[2] The shell is creamy white with radiating pale brown rays,[2] a brown periostracum and a pale brown interior.[3]

The difference between M. glauca and M. stultorum is that the anterior cardinal tooth of the right valve is not parallel with the hinge line in M. glauca, whereas in M. stultorum it is.[3]

Distribution[edit]

Mactra glauca is found on the continental shelf,[2] from the south of England to the Mediterranean[3] and West Africa.[1] It is also found as fossils in the North Sea from the Eemian period.

Ecology[edit]

Mactra glauca is a suspension feeder which feeds on phytoplankton. It burrows into clean sand, going down up to 7 cm if exposed by the tide.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Serge Gofas, Markus Huber (2004). "Mactra glauca Born, 1778". World Register of Marine Species. 
  2. ^ a b c "Mactra glauca (Born, 1778)". Natural History Museum Wales. 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Mactra glauca (Born, 1778)". The Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 

External links[edit]