Madagascar (franchise)

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Madagascar logo.png
Created byTom McGrath
Eric Darnell
Films and television
Short film(s)
Animated series
Theatrical presentations
Video game(s)
Official website

Madagascar is a computer-animated franchise produced by DreamWorks Animation. Voices of Ben Stiller, Chris Rock, David Schwimmer and Jada Pinkett Smith are featured in the films. It began with the 2005 film Madagascar, the 2008 sequel Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa, and the third film Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted in 2012. A spin-off film featuring the penguins, titled Penguins of Madagascar, was released in 2014. A fourth film, Madagascar 4, was announced for 2018, but has since been removed from its schedule due to the studio's restructuring.

The overall plot through the series follows the adventures of four Central Park Zoo animals who have spent their lives in blissful captivity and are unexpectedly shipped back to Africa. Now they must struggle to survive while attempting to return to New York City with the help of a crafty cadre of penguins and with many other characters along the way.

Main films[edit]

Madagascar (2005)[edit]

Madagascar is a 2005 computer-animated comedy film and the first film in the series. Directed by Eric Darnell and Tom McGrath, the film tells the story of four Central Park Zoo animals: Alex the Lion (Ben Stiller), Marty the Zebra (Chris Rock), Melman the Giraffe (David Schwimmer), and Gloria the Hippo (Jada Pinkett Smith). These animals have spent their lives in comfortable captivity, and are unexpectedly shipwrecked on the island of Madagascar.

The film was a commercial success, grossing over $532 million worldwide.

Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa (2008)[edit]

Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa is a 2008 computer-animated comedy/adventure film, and the sequel to the 2005 film Madagascar. Directed by Eric Darnell and Tom McGrath, the film continues the adventures of Alex, Marty, Melman, and Gloria, who try to fly back to New York, but they crash-land in Africa.

The film grossed over $603 million worldwide, which is higher than its predecessor.

Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted (2012)[edit]

Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted is a 2012 computer animated comedy film, and the third installment in the series, directed by Eric Darnell and Tom McGrath, along with Conrad Vernon. Alex, Marty, Gloria, and Melman are still struggling to get home to New York. This time, their journey takes them to Europe where they purchase a failing traveling circus as they become close friends with the staff like Stefano the sea lion (Martin Short), Vitaly the tiger (Bryan Cranston), Gia the jaguar (Jessica Chastain), and Sonya the bear (Frank Welker), King Julien's (Sacha Baron Cohen) true love. Together, they spectacularly revitalize the business even as the fanatical Monaco Animal Control officer Captain Chantel DuBois (Frances McDormand) relentlessly pursues them. In the end, the zoo animals finally get back to New York, only to find that they have grown too much in spirit to return to captivity, and decide to stay with the circus instead.

The film grossing over $746 million worldwide, marking the highest-grossing film in the series.

Madagascar 4 (TBA)[edit]

DreamWorks Animation C.E.O. Jeffrey Katzenberg has stated that there is likely to be a fourth installment in the franchise.[1] However, in June 2012, DreamWorks Animation's head of worldwide marketing, Anne Globe, said, "It's too early to tell. There hasn't been a lot of discussion about that."[2] Eric Darnell, who co-directed all three films, spoke of the possibility of the fourth film, noting, "Two things have to happen. One is that the world has to want Madagascar 4, because if they don't want it, it doesn't matter what we do. And the other thing is even if the world wants Madagascar 4, we have to make sure that we have an idea that is incredible, that is great, that is unexpected. If the audience wants it and we have a great idea, we will see – maybe."[3] On June 12, 2014, the film was scheduled to be released on May 18, 2018.[4] In January 2015, Madagascar 4 was removed from the release schedule following corporate restructuring and DreamWorks Animation's new policy to release two films a year.[5][6] In April 2017, Tom McGrath said about the film: "There are things in the works, nothing is announced yet, but I think they'll show their faces once more..."[7]

Spin-off film[edit]

Penguins of Madagascar (2014)[edit]

A direct-to-video film featuring the penguins had been in the works since 2005, when the first Madagascar film had been released, with a release date planned for 2009.[8] In March 2011, it was announced that the penguin characters would be given their own feature film, similar to the 2011 Puss in Boots movie,[9] to be directed by Simon J. Smith, the co-director of Bee Movie, produced by Lara Breay, and written by Alan J. Schoolcraft and Brent Simons, the writers of DreamWorks' Megamind.[10] In July 2012, at Comic-Con, it was announced that the film, titled The Penguins of Madagascar, would be released in 2015.[11] Robert Schooley, one of the producers of The Penguins series, said that the film will be unrelated to the TV series of the same name, but he did say that could always change.[12] In September 2012, 20th Century Fox and DreamWorks Animation announced the release date for March 27, 2015, and a new pair of writers, Michael Colton and John Aboud.[13] In August 2013, it was reported that Benedict Cumberbatch would voice Agent Classified from the North Wind and John Malkovich the film's charming villain, Dr. Octavious Brine (a.k.a. Dave the octopus).[14] On May 20, 2014, the film's release date was moved up to November 26, 2014, switching places with DreamWorks Animation's other film Home.[15]

Television series[edit]

The Penguins of Madagascar[edit]

The Penguins of Madagascar is a television series that aired on Nickelodeon. The series, which is non-canonical to the rest of the franchise, follows the adventures of the four penguins: Skipper (the leader of the group), Kowalski (the smartest), Rico (the craziest), and Private (the youngest) in New York City's Central Park Zoo. The penguins rule the roost at their Central Park habitat, carrying out secret missions in the heart of the city. At times, their missions beckon them to venture outside the zoo. King Julien, the primary antagonist, is also a resident of the zoo (though it is unknown how he, Maurice, and Mort got there) and the penguins must compete against him to maintain order in the zoo. While Tom McGrath, John DiMaggio, Conrad Vernon, and Andy Richter reprised their roles as Skipper, Rico, Mason, and Mort respectively, Jeff Bennett replaced Chris Miller as Kowalski, James Patrick Stuart replaced Christopher Knights as Private, Danny Jacobs replaced Sacha Baron Cohen as Julien, and Kevin Michael Richardson replaced Cedric the Entertainer as Maurice. The series also features a new character, Marlene, an otter voiced by Nicole Sullivan.

All Hail King Julien[edit]

All Hail King Julien is a television series starring the lemur King Julien from the Madagascar franchise, which takes place in Madagascar, before the events of the first film.[16] The series debuted on December 19, 2014, on Netflix, when the first five 22-minute episodes were released.[17] The series features the voices of Danny Jacobs (replacing Sacha Baron Cohen and reprising his role from The Penguins of Madagascar) as King Julien; Henry Winkler as Julien's regal predecessor, Uncle King Julien; Andy Richter as Mort; Kevin Michael Richardson (replacing Cedric the Entertainer) as Maurice; and India de Beaufort as Clover, the king's special-ops expert.[17]

Short films[edit]

The Madagascar Penguins in a Christmas Caper[edit]

The Madagascar Penguins in a Christmas Caper is a computer-animated short film, which premiered in theaters on October 7, 2005 with the stop-motion film, Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit. The short was directed by animation veteran Gary Trousdale, produced by Teresa Cheng, and written by Michael Lachance. Set on Christmas Eve, the 12-minute film features four penguins from Central Park Zoo who discover that one of them has gone missing.

Madly Madagascar[edit]

Madly Madagascar is a Valentine's Day-themed short film,[18] It was released on DVD on January 29, 2013,[19] and starred all the main characters from the Madagascar film series. The story appears to take place sometime between the second and third films. It featured many of the same voice actors as the films, including Ben Stiller, Chris Rock, David Schwimmer, and Jada Pinkett Smith. However, voice actor Danny Jacobs once again replaced Sacha Baron Cohen as the voice of the character King Julien. King Julien finds a love potion and starts selling it to members of the watering hole, making Marty attractive to all the animals. Skipper and the penguins organise a rescue mission for his doll girlfriend.

Television special[edit]

Merry Madagascar[edit]

Merry Madagascar is a Christmas special first broadcast on the NBC network in November 2009, which starred the characters from the Madagascar film series. The story appears to takes place sometime between the first and second films. It featured many of the same voice actors as the films, including Ben Stiller, Chris Rock, David Schwimmer, and Jada Pinkett Smith. However, voice actor Danny Jacobs replaced Sacha Baron Cohen as the voice of the character King Julien. Carl Reiner provided the voice of Santa Claus. Santa Claus crash lands in his sleigh on Madagascar and loses his memory after Alex shoots him down, leaving him, Marty, Gloria and Melman to be Santa for the night. King Julien realises that Christmas is about giving and not receiving.

Cast and characters[edit]

Characters Main films Short films Television series Television special Spin-off film
Madagascar Madagascar:
Escape 2 Africa
Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted The Madagascar Penguins in a Christmas Caper Madly Madagascar The Penguins of Madagascar All Hail King Julien Merry Madagascar Penguins of Madagascar
2005 2008 2012 2005 2013 2008-2015 2014-2017 2009 2014
Alex the Lion Ben Stiller Ben Stiller Ben Stiller N/A Ben Stiller Wally Wingert Crispin Freeman Ben Stiller Ben Stiller
(archive recordings)
Quinn Dempsey Stiller and Declan Swift
Marty Chris Rock Chris Rock Chris Rock Chris Rock Chris Rock Chris Rock
(archive recordings)
Thomas Stanley
Melman Mankiewicz David Schwimmer David Schwimmer David Schwimmer David Schwimmer David Schwimmer David Schwimmer
(archive recordings)
Zachary Gordon
Gloria Jada Pinkett Smith Jada Pinkett Smith Jada Pinkett Smith Jada Pinkett Smith Jada Pinkett Smith Jada Pinkett Smith
(archive recordings)
Willow Smith
King Julien XIII Sacha Baron Cohen Danny Jacobs Danny Jacobs
Sacha Baron Cohen
(archive recordings)
Skipper Tom McGrath Tom McGrath
Kowalski Chris Miller Jeff Bennett Chris Miller
Rico Jeffrey Katzenberg John DiMaggio Character is mute John DiMaggio Character is mute Conrad Vernon
Private Christopher Knights James Patrick Stuart Christopher Knights
Maurice Cedric the Entertainer Cedric the Entertainer Kevin Michael Richardson Cedric the Entertainer
Mort Andy Richter Andy Richter
Mason Conrad Vernon N/A Conrad Vernon
Phil Character is mute, uses sign language Character is mute, uses sign language
Nana Elisa Gabrielli Elisa Gabrielli
Zuba Bernie Mac
Florrie Sherri Shepherd
Makunga Alec Baldwin
Moto Moto
Captain Chantel DuBois Frances McDormand
Vitaly Bryan Cranston Photograph
Gia Jessica Chastain
Stefano Martin Short
Sonya Frank Welker
Ted Silent cameo Bill Fagerbakke Character is mute
Marlene Nicole Sullivan
Dee Bradley Baker
(wild form)
Alice Mary Scheer
Santa Claus Carl Reiner Carl Reiner
Cupid Nina Dobrev
Donner Jim Cummings
Dave / Dr. Octavius Brine John Malkovich
Classified Benedict Cumberbatch
Short Fuse Ken Jeong
Eva Annet Mahendru
Corporal Peter Stormare
Note: A gray cell indicates character did not appear in that title.


Crew/detail Main films Spin-off film
Madagascar Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted Penguins of Madagascar
2005 2008 2012 2014
Director(s) Eric Darnell and Tom McGrath Eric Darnell, Tom McGrath and Conrad Vernon Chris Buck and Simon J. Smith
Producer(s) Mireille Soria Mireille Soria and Mark Swift Lara Breay and Mark Swift
Writer(s) Screenplay by: Mark Burton, Billy Frolick, Eric Darnell, Tom McGrath
Story by: Eric Darnell and Tom McGrath
Etan Cohen, Eric Darnell and Tom McGrath Eric Darnell and Noah Baumbach Screenplay by: Michael Colton, John Aboud, Brandon Sawyer
Story by: Alan Schoolcraft, Brent Simons and Michael Colton
Composer(s) Hans Zimmer Lorne Balfe
Editor(s) H. Lee Peterson Nick Fletcher Nick Kenway
Service Animation(s) Pacific Data Images DWA Glendale


Box office performance[edit]

The film series has grossed over $2.2 billion, making it the 24th highest-grossing franchise of all time, the fourth highest-grossing animated franchise (behind Despicable Me, Shrek, and Ice Age), and the second highest-grossing DreamWorks Animation's franchise.

Film Release date Revenue Rank Budget (millions) Reference
North America Other territories Worldwide All time domestic All time worldwide
Madagascar May 27, 2005 $193,595,521 $339,085,150 $532,680,671 #173 #135 $75 [20][21]
Escape 2 Africa November 7, 2008 $180,010,950 $423,889,404 $603,900,354 #205 #105 $150 [22]
Europe's Most Wanted June 8, 2012 $216,391,482 $530,529,792 $746,921,274 #137 #67 $145 [23]
Madagascar films $589,997,953 $1,293,504,346 $1,883,502,299 $370 [24][25]
Penguins of Madagascar November 26, 2014 $83,350,911 $290,201,183 $373,552,094 #781 #243 $132 [26][27]
Total (includes above) $656,266,749 $1,428,104,346 $2,257,054,393 #25 #24 $502 [24][25][28][29]

Critical and public reception[edit]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore
Madagascar 54% (189 reviews)[30] 57 (36 reviews)[31] A−[32]
Escape 2 Africa 63% (153 reviews)[33] 61 (25 reviews)[34] A−[32]
Europe's Most Wanted 79% (130 reviews)[35] 60 (26 reviews)[36] A[32]
Penguins of Madagascar 73% (110 reviews)[37] 53 (31 reviews)[38] A−[32]

Video games[edit]

Live shows[edit]

Madagascar Live![edit]

Madagascar Live! is a 90-minute theatre show based on the Madagascar film.[50] Produced by DreamWorks Theatricals and Broadway Across America, it was directed by Gip Hoppe as the DreamWorks Animation's second stage production after Shrek the Musical.[50] The tour started on January 28, 2011, in York, Pennsylvania, and was expected to visit more than 70 cities across the United States.[51] After a show in New York's Radio City Music Hall, on April 24, 2011, Madagascar Live! was cancelled in the United States, citing "unforeseen circumstances" as the reason.[52] Madagascar Live! then toured the United Kingdom, visiting nine cities between January 2013 and March 2013.[53]

Madagascar Live! Operation: Vacation[edit]

Madagascar Live! Operation: Vacation is a 20-minute live stage show featuring Alex, Gloria, King Julien, Mort and The Penguins along with live singers, a live band and dancers. The show opened in 2013 at Busch Gardens Tampa and SeaWorld San Diego.[54] The show closed at SeaWorld in January 2015 and at Busch Gardens in September 2015.

Madagascar Live! Prepare to Party[edit]

Madagascar Live! Prepare to Party at Chessington World of Adventures Resort

Madagascar Live! Prepare to Party is a 20-minute live stage show featuring Alex, King Julien, Gloria, Mort and The Penguins as they each present their special party games while dancing and singing. The show premiered in 2012 in an Africa area at the UK theme park Chessington World of Adventures,[55] and in DreamWorks Experience at the Australian theme park Dreamworld.[56] The show has now closed at Chessington and only operates at Dreamworld.

Madagascar Live! It's Circus Time[edit]

Madagascar Live! It's Circus Time is a 30-minute live show,[57] based on the film Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted. The story follows the characters of Madagascar to a circus, where they try to avoid being captured by the animal control officer Captain Dubois by blending among its artists, performing stunts, singing and dancing.[58] The show opened in 2012, in Everland Resort, in South Korea,[59][60][61] and in 2013 in Heide Park, Germany,[57] and in Gardaland, Italy.[58]

Madagascar the musical[edit]

In 2018 Madagascar the musical debut [62]

Themed land[edit]

Madagascar is one of the seven themed lands in Universal Studios Singapore, and it features lush tropical jungles as well as a water ride Madagascar: A Crate Adventure and a carousel King Julien's Beach Party-Go-Round.

Madagascar Madness is one of the three areas at the DreamWorks Experience themed land which is part of Australian theme park Dreamworld. It consists of suspended roller coaster Escape from Madagascar, a show stage King Julien's Theatre in the Wild, a ball play area MAD Jungle Jam and a merchandise shop Madagascar Cargo Hold.

See also[edit]


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External links[edit]