Madagascar sucker-footed bat
|Madagascar sucker-footed bat
Temporal range: Pleistocene to Recent
Milne-Edwards & A. Grandidier, 1878
|Madagascar sucker-footed bat range|
The Madagascar sucker-footed bat, Old World sucker-footed bat, or simply sucker-footed bat (Myzopoda aurita) is a species of bat in the family Myzopodidae endemic to Madagascar, especially in the eastern part of the forests. The genus was thought to be monospecific until a second species, Myzopoda schliemanni, was discovered in the central western lowlands. It was classified as Vulnerable in the 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species but is now known to be more abundant and was reclassified in 2008 as of "Least Concern".
The bat is named for the presence of small cups on its wrists and ankles. They roost inside the rolled leaves of the traveller's tree, using their suckers to attach themselves to the smooth surface. Despite the name, it is now known that the bats do not use suction to attach themselves to roost sites, but instead use a form of wet adhesion by secreting a body fluid at their pads.
Because of its unique habitat, there are no ectoparasites on sucker-footed bats because the surface of the leaves are too smooth for arthropods. The majority of sucker-footed bats caught in eastern Madagascar were within or close to stands of traveller's trees, and according to research, the maximum distance they can travel while foraging is about 1.8 km (1.1 mi). Sucker-footed bats feed largely on beetles and small moths.
- Jenkins, R.K.B.; Rakotoarivelo, A.R.; Ratrimomanarivo, F.H.; Cardiff, S.G. (2008). "Myzopoda aurita". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T14288A4429060. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
- H., Schliemann; Goodman, S.M. (2003). "Myzopoda aurita, Old World sucker-footed bat". The natural history of Madagascar: 1303–1306.
- Goodman, S.M.; Rakotondraparany, F.; Kofoky, A. (2006). "The description of a new species of Myzopoda (Myzopodidae: Chiroptera) from western Madagascar". Mammalian Biology. 72: 65–81. doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2006.08.001.
- M., Ralisata; F. R. Andriamboavonjy; D. Rakotondravony; O. R. Ravoahangimalala; F. H. Randrianandrianina; P. A. Racey (2010). "Monastic Myzopoda: the foraging and roosting ecology of a sexually segregated Malagasy endemic bat". Journal of Zoology. 282 (2): 130–139. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2010.00724.x.
- Macdonald, D., ed. (1984). The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File. p. 807. ISBN 0-87196-871-1.
- Brown University News, December 2009, Bats Don’t Use Suction After All
- Göpfert, M.C.; Wasserthal, L.T. (1995). "Notes on echolocation calls, food and roosting behavior of the Old World sucker-footed bat Myzopoda aurita (Chiroptera, Myzopodidae)". Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde. 60: 1–8.
- "Monastic" Malagasy bat mystifies experts BBC Earth News 13 July 2010