Madagascar sucker-footed bat

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Madagascar sucker-footed bat
Temporal range: Pleistocene to Recent
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Myzopodidae
Genus: Myzopoda
Species: M. aurita
Binomial name
Myzopoda aurita
Milne-Edwards & A. Grandidier, 1878
Myzopoda aurita range map.svg
Madagascar sucker-footed bat range

The Madagascar sucker-footed bat, Old World sucker-footed bat, or simply sucker-footed bat (Myzopoda aurita) is a species of bat in the family Myzopodidae endemic to Madagascar, especially in the eastern part of the forests.[2] The genus was thought to be monospecific until a second species, Myzopoda schliemanni, was discovered in the central western lowlands.[3] It was classified as Vulnerable in the 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species but is now known to be more abundant and was reclassified in 2008 as of "Least Concern".[1]

The bat is named for the presence of small cups on its wrists and ankles. They roost inside the rolled leaves of the traveller's tree,[4] using their suckers to attach themselves to the smooth surface.[5] Despite the name, it is now known that the bats do not use suction to attach themselves to roost sites, but instead use a form of wet adhesion by secreting a body fluid at their pads.[6]

Because of its unique habitat, there are no ectoparasites on sucker-footed bats because the surface of the leaves are too smooth for arthropods.[4] The majority of sucker-footed bats caught in eastern Madagascar were within or close to stands of traveller's trees,[4] and according to research, the maximum distance they can travel while foraging is about 1.8 km (1.1 mi).[4] Sucker-footed bats feed largely on beetles and small moths.[4][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jenkins, R.K.B.; Rakotoarivelo, A.R.; Ratrimomanarivo, F.H.; Cardiff, S.G. (2008). "Myzopoda aurita". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T14288A4429060. Retrieved 12 March 2017. 
  2. ^ H., Schliemann; Goodman, S.M. (2003). "Myzopoda aurita, Old World sucker-footed bat". The natural history of Madagascar: 1303–1306. 
  3. ^ Goodman, S.M.; Rakotondraparany, F.; Kofoky, A. (2006). "The description of a new species of Myzopoda (Myzopodidae: Chiroptera) from western Madagascar". Mammalian Biology. 72: 65–81. doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2006.08.001. 
  4. ^ a b c d e M., Ralisata; F. R. Andriamboavonjy; D. Rakotondravony; O. R. Ravoahangimalala; F. H. Randrianandrianina; P. A. Racey (2010). "Monastic Myzopoda: the foraging and roosting ecology of a sexually segregated Malagasy endemic bat". Journal of Zoology. 282 (2): 130–139. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2010.00724.x. 
  5. ^ Macdonald, D., ed. (1984). The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File. p. 807. ISBN 0-87196-871-1. 
  6. ^ Brown University News, December 2009, Bats Don’t Use Suction After All
  7. ^ Göpfert, M.C.; Wasserthal, L.T. (1995). "Notes on echolocation calls, food and roosting behavior of the Old World sucker-footed bat Myzopoda aurita (Chiroptera, Myzopodidae)". Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde. 60: 1–8. 

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