Madame Satã

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Madame Satã was the artistic name of João Francisco dos Santos (1900–1976), a Brazilian drag performer and capoeirista.


He was born into a family of ex-slaves in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Having been accused with conspiracy of murder, spending 27 years in prison, being a former gangster and father of 7, he found refuge in the dark Bohemian culture of Rio de Janeiro amidst a lively world of pimps, prostitutes, deviants and samba composers.[1]

João is most commemorated as a figure who fought to redefine himself while battling the stigmas of being a son of former black slaves, illiterate and homosexual. João is quoted for once saying "I was born an outlaw, that's how I'll live." In between his drag performances, his days as a hustler and his convictions of murder, his image as the legendary cabaret performance artist Madame Satã meaning Madam Satan having been influenced by the 1930s film by Cecil B. DeMille about a woman disguising herself as a notorious temptress to win back her errant husband. João's infamous character represented an expression of resistance in this post abolitionist era in Brazil where black people, prostitutes, drug users and addicts and other 'deviant' outcasts were deemed useless to society.

He was a skilled street fighter trained in the style of capoeira, and his battles against the police forces were legendary. He routinely fought barehanded against quartets of policemen armed with wooden clubs.[2] Also, it's said he once faced a twenty-four-man platoon and battled them to a stalemate, forcing them to fly away after leaving seven of them badly wounded, two with broken arms and two with split livers.[3]

Thus, João Francisco dos Santos became a living myth that supported and represented the values and lives of such outcasts of society becoming himself a revolutionary icon for the marginalized socially.

Film adaptation[edit]

João Francisco dos Santos's story was told in the film Madame Satã, directed by Brazilian director Karim Aïnouz and was released in 2002. Lázaro Ramos plays the titular lead.


  1. ^ Thomas, Kevin (22 August 2003). "Celebrating an outlaw". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 September 2008.
  2. ^ Nestor Capoeira, Capoeira: Roots of the Dance-fight-game
  3. ^ Gerard Taylor, Capoeira: The Jogo de Angola from Luanda to Cyberspace, Volumen 2

External links[edit]