Madame Tussauds

Coordinates: 51°31′22″N 0°09′19″W / 51.52278°N 0.15528°W / 51.52278; -0.15528
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Madame Tussauds
Madame Tussauds has included the former London Planetarium (large dome to the left) since 2010.
Map
Established22 May 1835 (188 years ago) (22 May 1835)
LocationMarylebone Road, City of Westminster, London, England
FounderMarie Tussaud
Websitewww.madametussauds.com Edit this at Wikidata

Madame Tussauds (UK: /tˈsɔːdz/, US: /tˈsz/)[1][N. 1] is a wax museum founded in London in 1835 by the French wax sculptor Marie Tussaud. While it used to be spelled as "Madame Tussaud's", the apostrophe is no longer used.[2]

In 1883, the restricted space of the original Baker Street site prompted Tussaud's grandson (Joseph Randall) to commission the building at its current London location on Marylebone Road. The new exhibition galleries were opened on 14 July 1884 and were a great success. Madame Tussaud & Sons was incorporated as a private limited company (Ltd.) in 1889.[3]

A major tourist attraction in London since the Victorian era, Madame Tussauds displays the waxworks of famous and historical figures, as well as popular film and television characters played by famous actors.[4] Operated by the British entertainment company Merlin Entertainments, the museum now has locations in cities across four continents, with the first overseas branch opening in Amsterdam in 1970.[5]

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Marie Tussaud was born as Marie Grosholtz in 1761 in Strasbourg, France. Her mother worked for Philippe Curtius in Bern, Switzerland; he was a physician skilled in wax modelling. Curtius taught Tussaud the art of wax modelling when she was a child; when he moved to Paris, Marie and her mother followed.[6]

Grosholtz created her first wax sculpture, of Voltaire, in 1777.[7] At 17, according to her memoirs, she became art tutor to Madame Elizabeth, the sister of King Louis XVI. During the French Revolution, she was imprisoned for three months, but was subsequently released.[6] During the Revolution, she made models of many prominent victims.[8]

Waxwork of Marie Tussaud (sculpting a waxwork) and right: her memorial plaque at the wax museum she founded in London

Grosholtz inherited Curtius' vast collection of wax models following his death in 1794. For the next 33 years, she travelled around Europe with a touring show from the collection. She married Francois Tussaud in 1795, took his surname, and renamed her show as Madame Tussaud's. In 1802 she accepted an invitation from lantern and phantasmagoria pioneer Paul Philidor to exhibit her work alongside his show at the Lyceum Theatre, London. She did not fare particularly well financially, as Philidor took half of her profits.

Unable to return to France because of the Napoleonic Wars, she travelled throughout Great Britain and Ireland exhibiting her collection. From 1831, she took a series of short leases on the upper floor of "Baker Street Bazaar" (on the west side of Baker Street, Dorset Street, and King Street in London).[9] This site was later featured in the Druce-Portland case sequence of trials of 1898–1907. This became Tussaud's first permanent home in 1836.[10]

Origins[edit]

Poster for the Tussaud wax figures exhibition, Baker Street, London, 1835

By 1835, Marie Tussaud had settled down in Baker Street and opened a museum.[11] One of her museum's main attractions was the Chamber of Horrors. The name is often credited to a contributor to Punch in 1845, but Tussaud appears to have originated it herself, using it in advertising as early as 1843.[12]

This part of the exhibition included victims of the French Revolution and newly created figures of murderers and other criminals. Other famous people were added, including Lord Nelson, the Duke of Wellington, Henry VIII, and Queen Victoria.[13]

First Mortgage Debenture Stock of Madame Tussaud's Ltd., issued 15 September 1949

Some sculptures still exist that were made by Marie Tussaud herself. The gallery originally contained some 400 different figures, but fire damage in 1925 coupled with bombs during the Blitz on London in 1941, severely damaged most of such older models. The casts themselves have survived, allowing the historical waxworks to be remade, and these can be seen in the museum's history exhibit. The oldest figure on display is that of Madame du Barry, the work of Curtius from 1765 and part of the waxworks left to Grosholtz at his death. Other faces from the time of Tussaud include Robespierre and George III. In 1842, she made a self-portrait, which is now on display at the entrance of her museum. She died in her sleep in London on 16 April 1850.[14]

Entrance sign in London

By 1883, the restricted space and rising cost of the Baker Street site prompted her grandson Joseph Randall to commission construction of a building at the museum's current location on Marylebone Road. The new exhibition galleries were opened on 14 July 1884 and were a great success.[15] But Randall had bought out his cousin Louisa's half-share in the business in 1881, and that plus the building costs resulted in his having too little capital. He formed a limited company in 1888 to attract fresh capital but it had to be dissolved after disagreements between the family shareholders. In February 1889 Tussaud's was sold to a group of businessmen led by Edwin Josiah Poyser.[16] The first wax sculpture of a young Winston Churchill was made in 1908; a total of ten have been made since.[17] The first overseas branch of Madame Tussauds was opened in Amsterdam in 1970.[5]

Ownership changes[edit]

In 2005, Madame Tussauds was sold to a company in Dubai, Dubai International Capital, for £800m (US$1.5bn). In May 2007, The Blackstone Group purchased The Tussauds Group from then-owner Dubai International Capital for US$1.9 billion;[18] the company was merged with Blackstone's Merlin Entertainments and operation of Madame Tussauds was taken over by Merlin.[18][19] After the Tussauds acquisition, Dubai International Capital gained 20% of Merlin Entertainment.[20]

On 17 July 2007, as part of the financing for the Tussauds deal, Merlin sold the freehold of Madame Tussauds to private investor Nick Leslau and his investment firm Prestbury under a sale and leaseback agreement.[21] Although the attraction sites are owned by Prestbury, they are operated by Merlin based on a renewable 35-year lease.[19]

Recent status[edit]

Waxwork of Elizabeth I in London

Madame Tussaud's wax museum has been a major tourist attraction in London since it opened in the 1830s, an era viewed as being when the city's tourism industry began.[4] Until 2010, it incorporated the London Planetarium in its west wing. A large animated dark ride, The Spirit of London, opened in 1993. Today's wax figures at Tussauds include historical and royal figures, film stars, sports stars, and famous murderers. It has been known since 2007 as "Madame Tussauds" museums (no apostrophe).[22] In 2009, a 5+12 inches (14 cm) waxwork of Tinker Bell (the fairy from J. M. Barrie's Peter Pan) became the museum's smallest figure of all time when it was unveiled in London.[23]

In July 2008, Madame Tussauds' Berlin branch became embroiled in controversy when a 41-year-old German man brushed past two guards and decapitated a wax figure depicting Adolf Hitler. This was believed to be an act of protest against showing the ruthless dictator alongside sports heroes, movie stars, and other historical figures. The statue has since been repaired, and the perpetrator has admitted that he attacked the statue to win a bet.[24] The original model of Hitler was unveiled in Madame Tussauds London in April 1933; it was frequently vandalised and a 1936 replacement had to be carefully guarded.[25][26][27] In January 2016, the statue of Hitler was removed from the Chamber of Horrors section in the London museum in response to an open letter sent by a staff writer of The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, followed by significant support for its removal from social media.[28]

The first Madame Tussauds in India opened in New Delhi on 1 December 2017. Its operator, Merlin Entertainments, planned an investment of 50 million pounds over the next 10 years.[29][30][31] It features over 50 wax models, including political and entertainment figures such as Ariana Grande, Amitabh Bachchan, Salman Khan, Katrina Kaif, Sachin Tendulkar, Kim Kardashian, Tom Cruise, Leonardo DiCaprio, Scarlett Johansson, Angelina Jolie, Asha Bhosle, Kapil Dev, and Mary Kom.[32]

On 30 December 2020, the holding company of Madame Tussauds Wax Museum in Delhi, India confirmed a temporary shutdown of the Museum.[33] It is scheduled to reopen in 2022.[34]

Museum locations[edit]

Entry of Madame Tussauds in Berlin
Madame Tussauds in New York City opened in 2000.
Madame Tussauds opened in Washington, D.C., in 2007.
Madame Tussauds Hollywood in 2018
Madame Tussauds in Shanghai, China, displaying a wax figure of Queen Elizabeth II, opened in 2006.

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Celebrity poses with their wax figures[edit]

Celebrities have often posed like their wax figures as pranks and publicity stunts:

  • On 3 November 2009, the museum's New York City branch was featured in a segment on NBC's Today in which weatherman Al Roker posed in place of his lifelike wax figure for two hours and startled unsuspecting visitors, who were at first led to believe they were viewing Roker's wax counterpart.[62]
  • In 2010, Ozzy Osbourne did similarly in New York to promote his album Scream (2010).[63]
  • NBA players Carmelo Anthony and Jeremy Lin pranked fans during the unveiling of their statues at the New York and San Francisco museums, respectively.[64][65]
  • In 2015, Arnold Schwarzenegger posed as the Terminator statue in the Hollywood museum, to promote a charity event.[66]
  • Ant and Dec pranked Olly Murs by tricking him into using a machine that will "scan every part of Olly's face and body to create the most accurate wax figure ever" as a part of their annual Undercover segment on their show, Ant and Dec's Saturday Night Takeaway.[67]

Films[edit]

  • Some sequences of the film Housefull 3 were shot in the Madame Tussauds, London.
  • Parts of the film Fan (2016) were shot at Madame Tussauds, making it the first Indian film to be shot there.
  • Madame Tussauds features in the film Shanghai Knights (2003).

Games[edit]

  • Marie Tussaud is featured in an Assassin's Creed Unity side mission, where the player is tasked with retrieving the severed heads of which Madame Tussaud was commissioned to make replicas.
  • Madame Tussaud is referenced as "Madame Tusspell" in The Great Ace Attorney 2: Resolve, where the player is tasked to investigate in the wax museum.

Literature[edit]

  • In Thomas Hardy's novel The Return of the Native (published 1878) the Christmas congregation at a country church is likened to "a Tussaud collection of [local] celebrities".
  • There is a brief reference to Madame Tussaud's work in the Sherlock Holmes story "The Mazarin Stone".
  • In 1964 Michael Bond's Paddington goes on "Mystery Tour" of Madame Tussauds in Paddington Marches On.
  • In Jules Verne's novel Around the World in Eighty Days, his author says that the only thing the wax figures sculpted by Madame Tussaud lack is speech.
  • In Elizabeth Bowen's novel The Death of the Heart (1938), Portia and Eddie have tea at Madame Tussaud's and Portia is disappointed that the waitresses are real and not made of wax.
  • In the novel Edgar Allan Poe and the London Monster (2016) by Karen Lee Street, Madame Tussaud meets twice with Edgar Allan Poe and C. Auguste Dupin at her exhibition halls.

Music[edit]

  • In Gilbert and Sullivan's song "My Object All Sublime", from The Mikado (1885), the title character sings of punishments fitting the crime, including:

The amateur tenor, whose vocal villainies
All desire to shirk,
Shall, during off-hours
Exhibit his powers
To Madame Tussaud's waxwork.

Stage productions[edit]

  • Marie Tussaud is mentioned in The Scarlet Pimpernel (first run on stage in 1903, first publication 1905).

List of notable wax figures[edit]

Available locations[edit]

London[edit]

Advertising man pasting a bill for Madame Tussaud's Chamber of Horrors, London 1877. Early exhibits included Burke and Hare. The chamber closed on 11 April 2016 and was replaced by the Sherlock Holmes Experience.[73]
Film Music Sports Leaders and History Marvel
Emma Watson Amy Winehouse Jessica Ennis-Hill Napoleon Bonaparte Black Panther
Terminator Michael Jackson Muhammad Ali King Charles III Captain Marvel
Darth Vader Lady Gaga Mo Farah Queen Camilla Hawkeye
E.T. Madonna David Beckham William, Prince of Wales Captain America
Steven Spielberg David Bowie Rafael Nadal Catherine, Princess of Wales Hulk
Tinker Bell One Direction Usain Bolt Elizabeth II Spider-Man
Audrey Hepburn Adele Tom Daley Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh Iron Man
Kate Winslet Britney Spears Sachin Tendulkar Richard Branson Nick Fury
Madhuri Dixit Rihanna Virat Kohli Nelson Mandela Thor
Alfred Hitchcock Bob Marley Cristiano Ronaldo Vincent van Gogh Invisible Woman
Michael Caine Freddie Mercury Bobby Moore Donald Trump Wolverine
Aishwarya Rai Bachchan Mariah Carey Olga Korbut William Shakespeare
Daniel Craig Dua Lipa Jonah Lomu Albert Einstein
Robert Pattinson Kylie Minogue Lionel Messi Charles Dickens
Shah Rukh Khan The Beatles Mohamed Salah Stephen Hawking
Anthony Hopkins Little Mix Tiger Woods Barack Obama
Benedict Cumberbatch Drake Lewis Hamilton Mahatma Gandhi
Hrithik Roshan Ariana Grande Jesse Owens Diana, Princess of Wales
John Boyega Stormzy Wayne Rooney Narendra Modi
Deepika Padukone Taylor Swift Elizabeth I
Anushka Sharma Harry Styles Oscar Wilde
Travis Fimmel as Luther Justin Bieber
Paula Patton as Garona Halforcen
Toby Kebbell as Durotan
Notes:[74][75]

Hollywood[edit]

Music Spirit of Hollywood Country Western Horror Modern Classics Movies Marvel A-List Party
Harry Styles Bette Davis John Wayne Bela Lugosi Sylvester Stallone Bruce Willis Iron Man Jennifer Lopez
Beyoncé Marilyn Monroe Clint Eastwood Boris Karloff Tom Hanks Edward Scissorhands Thor Leonardo DiCaprio
Selena Alfred Hitchcock Robert Redford John Travolta Denzel Washington Hulk Lady Gaga
Elton John Elvis Presley Paul Newman Dustin Hoffman E.T. Tony Stark Jason Derulo
Rihanna Audrey Hepburn William Shatner Jennifer Lawrence Spider-Man Angela Bassett
Shakira Joan Rivers Whoopi Goldberg Jackie Chan Nick Fury Ariana Grande
Lil Nas X Judy Garland Robert De Niro Marlon Brando Captain America Zoe Saldana
Michael Jackson Bruce Lee Al Pacino Steven Spielberg Captain Marvel Kylie Jenner
Justin Timberlake Charlie Chaplin Patrick Swayze Martin Scorsese Jimmy Kimmel
Demi Lovato Clark Gable Pierce Brosnan Quentin Tarantino Angelina Jolie
Bad Bunny Elizabeth Taylor Daniel Craig Uma Thurman Selena Gomez
Shawn Mendes James Dean Whitney Houston Zac Efron Ryan Reynolds
Snoop Dogg Humphrey Bogart Patrick Stewart Arnold Schwarzenegger Carrie Underwood
Katharine Hepburn Danny Trejo Julia Roberts
Ginger Rogers Jack Nicholson Brad Pitt
Fred Astaire Meryl Streep
James Stewart Johnny Depp
Vivien Leigh

Singapore[edit]

A-list TV & Film IIFA Awards Experience Music K-Wave zone History and Leaders Sports
Johnny Depp Arnold Schwarzenegger Amitabh Bachchan Agnez Mo Bae Suzy Barack Obama Fandi Ahmad
Leonardo DiCaprio Audrey Hepburn Anushka Sharma Beyonce Hyun Bin Goh Chok Tong Muhammad Ali
Michelle Yeoh Daniel Craig Hrithik Roshan Elvis Presley Lee Jong Suk Joko Widodo Rudy Hartono
Nicole Kidman E.T Kajol Harry Styles Song Seung-heon Lee Kuan Yew David Beckham
Priyanka Chopra Marilyn Monroe Mahesh Babu Michael Jackson Lee Min-ho Queen Elizabeth II Cristiano Ronaldo
Liam Hemsworth Vin Diesel Shah Rukh Khan JJ Lin Narendra Modi Sachin Tendulkar
Cecilia Cheung Aishwarya Rai Katy Perry Xi Jinping Serena Williams
Jet Li Ranveer Singh Lady Gaga Yusof Ishak Lee Chong Wei
Deepika Padukone Madonna Rafael Nadal
Stefanie Sun Yao Ming
Teresa Tseng Yip Pin Xiu
Jay Chou
Ed Sheeran
Dua Lipa

New York City[edit]

Madame Tussauds on 42nd Street in Times Square, Midtown Manhattan, New York City
Actors Musicians Athletes Leaders Icons Characters Television Fashion
Jennifer Aniston Pharrell Williams Carmelo Anthony Joe Biden Albert Einstein ET Jimmy Fallon Adriana Lima
Leonardo DiCaprio Rihanna Lionel Messi Kamala Harris Marilyn Monroe Iron Man Michael Strahan Sofía Vergara
Jodie Foster Lady Gaga Muhammad Ali Abraham Lincoln Charlie Chaplin Captain Marvel Jon Hamm Billy Porter
Angelina Jolie Shawn Mendes Eli Manning John F. Kennedy Jacqueline Kennedy The Incredible Hulk Anderson Cooper Victoria Beckham
Whoopi Goldberg Taylor Swift Derek Jeter Mahatma Gandhi James Dean King Kong Tyra Banks Kylie Jenner
Julia Roberts Justin Bieber Cristiano Ronaldo Martin Luther King Jr. Frida Kahlo Nick Fury Oprah Winfrey Kendall Jenner
Priyanka Chopra Harry Styles Michael Jordan Dalai Lama Mark Zuckerberg Captain America Barbara Walters Alessandra Ambrosio
Salman Khan Ed Sheeran Kobe Bryant Ronald Reagan Michael Jackson Spider-Man Kim Kardashian
Katrina Kaif Ariana Grande Usain Bolt Donald Trump Elvis Presley Black Panther Jenna Marbles
Ranveer Singh Miley Cyrus David Wright Barack Obama Frank Sinatra The Nun
Zac Efron Selena Gomez Rosa Parks Audrey Hepburn Annabelle
Tom Cruise Bad Bunny Bill Clinton Baba Ramdev Regan MacNeil
Zendaya Shakira Pennywise
Quentin Tarantino Ricky Martin Terminator
Johnny Depp Dua Lipa Rey
Anne Hathaway Nicki Minaj Obi-Wan Kenobi
Sandra Bullock Lizzo Luke Skywalker
Neil Patrick Harris Anitta Princess Leia
Jamie Foxx Maluma Abby Yates
Salma Hayek Adele Jillian Holtzmann
Varun Dhawan Beyoncé Loki
Kareena Kapoor Avicii Hawkeye
Matthew McConaughey Bruno Mars James Conrad
Awkwafina Megan Thee Stallion
Jennifer Hudson
Katy Perry
Jennifer Lopez
Jonas Brothers
Notes:[76]

Nashville[edit]

Admissions Recording Studio Soul/Jazz MTV Opry Finale Concert
Taylor Swift Elvis Presley Louis Armstrong Rihanna Keith Urban Blake Shelton
Johnny Cash Carl Perkins Diana Ross Beyonce Reba McEntire Kacey Musgraves
Britney Spears Jerry Lee Lewis Stevie Wonder Katy Perry Carrie Underwood Luke Bryan
Madonna Avril Lavigne Ella Fitzgerald Miley Cyrus Alan Jackson
Ed Sheeran Whitney Houston Justin Timberlake Eric Church
Loretta Lynn Shawn Mendes Jason Aldean
Bob Marley Lady Gaga Trisha Yearwood
Minnie Pearl Michael Jackson Kid Rock
Bruno Mars Tim McGraw
Pink Hank Williams
Darius Rucker
Bob Dylan
George Jones

Beijing[edit]

Leaders and History Sports Music Industry Entertainment Industry Film
Elizabeth II David Beckham Lady Gaga Nicky Wu Benedict Cumberbatch
William, Prince of Wales Li Xiaopeng Elvis Presley Yang Lan Johnny Depp
Catherine, Princess of Wales Lang Ping Cui Jian Liu Xiao Ling Tong Leonardo DiCaprio
Barack Obama Kobe Bryant Luhan Yang Mi Kate Winslet
Vladimir Putin Zhang Yixing Leslie Cheung
Lao She Avril Lavigne Jackie Chan
Yang Liwei Michael Jackson Deng Chao
Mei Lanfang Liu Wen
Hou Baolin Yang Yang
Zhao Liying
Huang Xiaoming
Notes:[77][78][79][80]

Bangkok[edit]

History Leaders Arts/Sciences Sport Music Film Indian Film TV A-List
Diana, Princess of Wales Elizabeth II Albert Einstein Wayne Rooney Katy Perry Charlie Chaplin Shah Rukh Khan Khemanit Jamikorn Johnny Depp
Mahatma Gandhi Michelle Obama Mark Zuckerberg Yao Ming Madonna Mario Maurer Priyanka Chopra Anne Thongprasom Vin Diesel
Mahidol Adulyadej Barack Obama Ludwig van Beethoven Serena Williams Nichkun Horvejkul Hugh Jackman Prabhas Theeradej Wongpuapan Brad Pitt
Srinagarindra Plaek Phibunsongkhram Pablo Picasso Cristiano Ronaldo Lady Gaga Bruce Lee Amitabh Bachchan Dwayne Johnson
Nelson Mandela Pridi Banomyong Sunthorn Phu David Beckham Michael Jackson Chris Evans Katrina Kaif Angelina Jolie
Marie Tussaud Narendra Modi Silpa Bhirasri Khaosai Galaxy Tata Young Spider-Man Salman Khan Jackie Chan
Sukarno Aung San Suu Kyi Steven Gerrard Anggun Davika Hoorne Sridevi Michelle Yeoh
Seni Pramoj Joko Widodo Beyonce Tony Jaa Angelababy
Buddhadasa Bhikkhu Mahathir Mohamad Ariana Grande Wanchana Sawatdee Cecilia Cheung
Mao Zedong Julia Gillard Justin Bieber Andy Lau
Miley Cyrus Chris Hemsworth
Shawn Mendes Cate Blanchett
Jay Chou Emma Watson
Teresa Teng Robert Pattinson
One Direction

Blackpool[edit]

Music Sports Entertainment Royal Politics
Lady Gaga Joe Hart John Bishop Charles III Boris Johnson
Michael Jackson Wayne Rooney Ken Dodd William, Prince of Wales Theresa May
The Beatles Steven Gerrard Alan Carr Catherine, Princess of Wales David Cameron
Freddie Mercury Nicola Adams The Two Ronnies Elizabeth II
Britney Spears Mo Farah Morecambe and Wise
Cheryl Lewis Hamilton Paddy McGuinness
Amy Winehouse Alan Shearer Keith Lemon
Peter Andre Phil Taylor Tommy Cooper
Ariana Grande Simon Cowell
Lewis Capaldi DanTDM
Ed Sheeran Hugh Bonneville
Susan Boyle Ant and Dec
Victoria Beckham Gok Wan
Jade Thirlwall Bear Grylls
KSI Gary Barlow
Jesy Nelson
Olly Murs
Sam Smith
Marvel Super Heroes Strictly Come Dancing Coronation Street I'm A Celebrity... Get Me Out Of Here! Film
Captain Marvel Bruce Forsyth Deirdre Barlow Anthony McPartlin E.T.
Thor Craig Revel Horwood Bet Lynch Declan Donnelly
Hulk Tess Daly Ken Barlow Bushtucker trial
Spider-Man Claudia Winkleman Jack and Vera Duckworth
Groot Hilda Ogden
Rocket Raccoon Michelle Connor
Iron Man David Platt
Captain America
Notes:[81]

Las Vegas[edit]

TV Stars Hollywood Stars Music Stars Athletes Viva Las Vegas
Sofia Vergara Sandra Bullock Britney Spears Muhammad Ali Elvis Presley
Simon Cowell Leonardo DiCaprio Whitney Houston Chuck Liddell Marilyn Monroe
Eva Longoria Halle Berry Lady Gaga Tiger Woods RuPaul
Kathy Griffin Julia Roberts Michael Jackson Shaquille O'Neal Blue Man Group
Kendall Jenner Neil Patrick Harris Shawn Mendes Wayne Gretzky Gwen Stefani
Kim Kardashian Ryan Reynolds Christina Aguilera Dale Earnhardt Frank Sinatra
Criss Angel Anne Hathaway Katy Perry Ayrton Senna Prince
Siegfried & Roy Eddie Murphy Fergie Lance Armstrong Lizzo
Tiffany Haddish Meryl Streep Shakira Kobe Bryant Megan Thee Stallion
Jennifer Lopez Brad Pitt Justin Bieber Mike Tyson Missy Elliott
Vin Diesel Miley Cyrus Babe Ruth
Jennifer Aniston Ricky Martin Jeff Gordon
Scarlett Johnson Jack Harlow
Benedict Cumberbatch Drake
Mel Gibson Bad Bunny
Robert Pattinson Celine Dion
Salma Hayek Aaliyah
Bradley Cooper Tupac Shakur
Whoopi Goldberg Nicki Minaj
Jamie Foxx Beyoncé
Dwayne Johnson Bruno Mars
Travis Barker
Steve Aoki
Snoop Dogg
Notes:[82]

Orlando[edit]

Justice League Film Party History & World Leaders Sports Music TV
Aquaman Audrey Hepburn Selena Gomez Joe Biden David Beckham Lady Gaga Neil Patrick Harris
Wonder Woman Kung Fu Panda Anne Hathaway Albert Einstein Serena Williams Pitbull Jim Parsons
Superman Marilyn Monroe Ryan Gosling Abraham Lincoln Tiger Woods Miley Cyrus Oprah Winfrey
Batman Jackie Chan Jennifer Aniston Madame Marie Tussaud Shaquille O'Neal Ricky Martin Jimmy Fallon
The Flash E.T Will Smith Neil Armstrong Derek Jeter Madonna Sofia Vergara
Cyborg Shrek and Princess Fiona Angelina Jolie Walt Disney Neymar Katy Perry
Jennifer Lawrence Brad Pitt Uncle Sam Dan Marino Rihanna
Dwayne Johnson Channing Tatum Donald Trump Peyton Manning Michael Jackson
John Travolta Johnny Depp Thomas Edison Dale Earnhardt Jr. Elvis Presley
Olivia Newton-John Tom Hanks Martin Luther King Jr. Ayrton Senna Taylor Swift
Vin Diesel Samuel L. Jackson Barack Obama Ariana Grande
Steven Spielberg Emma Watson Steve Jobs Justin Bieber
James Dean Robert Pattinson Bill Gates Shakira
Arnold Schwarzenegger Zendaya Frida Kahlo Shawn Mendes
Salma Hayek Bad Bunny
Leonardo DiCaprio Maluma
Awkwafina Frank Sinatra
Harry Styles
Niall Horan
Beyoncé

San Francisco[edit]

Sports History and Leaders Music Film A-List
Jeremy Lin Edwin Lee Jimi Hendrix E.T. Peter Dinklage
Muhammed Ali Steve Jobs Adele Alfred Hitchcock Morgan Freeman
Joe Montana Barack Obama Michael Jackson Whoopi Goldberg Zendaya
Tiger Woods Abraham Lincoln Lady Gaga Steven Spielberg Neil Patrick Harris
Serena Williams George Washington Madonna Marilyn Monroe Leonardo DiCaprio
Stephen Curry Martin Luther King Jr. Rihanna Audrey Hepburn Laverne Cox
Billie Jean King Donald Trump Freddie Mercury Robin Williams George Clooney
Mark Zuckerberg Justin Timberlake Jackie Chan Anne Hathaway
Harvey Milk Beyoncé Michelle Yeoh Cameron Diaz
Dua Lipa Bruce Lee Kate Winslet
Taylor Swift Mel Gibson Channing Tatum
Mariah Carey Francis Ford Coppola
Christina Aguilera John Travolta
Jerry Garcia
Janis Joplin
Britney Spears
Louis Tomlinson
Notes:[83]

Shanghai[edit]

Sports History and leaders Music Film TV show
Sun Yang Vladimir Putin Teresa Teng Bruce Lee He Jiong
David Beckham Barack Obama Elvis Presley Brad Pitt Kangxi Lai Le
Michael Jordan Nelson Mandela Michael Jackson Nicole Kidman Zhou Libo
Ronaldo Bill Clinton Lady Gaga Angelina Jolie Fan Bingbing
Kobe Bryant Winston Churchill Madonna Marilyn Monroe Nicky Wu
Liu Xiang Tony Blair Kylie Minogue Audrey Hepburn Sun Li
Yao Ming Elizabeth II Wu Yifan Donnie Yen Hu Ge
Su Yiming Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex S.H.E Jackie Chan Yang Yang
Li Na Meghan, Duchess of Sussex Andy Lau Yao Chen William Chan
Donald Trump Nicholas Tse Chen Kun Lee Min-ho
Joker Xue Michelle Yeoh Zhang Yixing
Justin Timberlake Cecilia Cheung Gong Jun
Britney Spears Liam Hemsworth
Zhou Shen Tom Hanks
Jay Chou Angelababy
TFBoys
Olivia Newton-John
Notes:[84]

Tokyo[edit]

Fashion History and Leaders Film Sport Music Celebrities Culture
Atsuko Maeda Meiji Marilyn Monroe Yuzuru Hanyu Elvis Presley Mitsu Dan Steve Jobs
Becky Akihito Audrey Hepburn Yuki Ishikawa Olivia Newton-John Brad Pitt Bill Gates
Rola Elizabeth II Charlie Chaplin Mao Asada Masaki Suda Matsuko Deluxe Ryoma Sakamoto
Diana, Princess of Wales Tom Cruise Kazuyoshi Miura Yuko Oshima Will Smith Yayoi Kusama
William, Prince of Wales Daniel Craig X Japan Nicole Kidman Taro Hakase
Catherine, Princess of Wales Mayu Watanabe Liam Hemsworth Albert Einstein
Junichiro Koizumi Michael Jackson Leonardo DiCaprio Mark Zuckerberg
Dalai Lama Madonna Hokusai
Barack Obama Beyonce Leonardo da Vinci
Taisho Shawn Mendes Ludwig van Beethoven
Hirohito Lady Gaga
Ariana Grande
Katy Perry
Kylie Minogue
Britney Spears

Hong Kong[edit]

Sports History and Leaders Music Film Fashion
David Beckham Mao Zedong Michael Jackson Cate Blanchett Nicole Kidman
Yao Ming Deng Xiaoping Madonna Brad Pitt Liam Hemsworth
Tiger Woods Elizabeth II Lorde Angelina Jolie Johnny Depp
Ronaldinho Diana, Princess of Wales Bae Suzy Sir Alfred Hitchcock Zhu Yilong
Virat Kohli Sukarno Lady Gaga Anushka Sharma Angelababy
Maria Sharapova Joko Widodo Anita Mui Jackie Chan Varun Dhawan
Alexander Ovechkin William Shakespeare Anggun Bruce Lee Kareena Kapoor
Liu Xiang Mahatma Gandhi Lang Lang Michelle Yeoh Catriona Gray
Rudy Hartono Jiang Zemin Siwon Choi Amitabh Bachchan Pia Wurtzbach
Manny Pacquiao Pablo Picasso Nichkhun Donnie Yen Anne Curtis
Stephen Curry Saddam Hussein Jay Chou Andy Lau Rihanna
Wayne Rooney Adolf Hitler Harry Styles Jacky Cheung
Lee Chong Wei Narendra Modi Elvis Presley Leslie Cheung
Li Na Yasser Arafat Ed Sheeran Leon Lai
Su Yiming Steve Jobs Jackson Wang Audrey Hepburn
Bill Gates Zhang Yixing Kim Soo-hyun
Charles III Ariana Grande Bae Yong-joon
Julia Gillard Shawn Mendes Hello Kitty
Donald Trump Justin Bieber Joe Chen
Hu Jintao Miley Cyrus McDull
Xi Jinping Leo Ku Chris Hemsworth
Peng Liyuan Teresa Teng Marilyn Monroe
Twins James Dean
G.E.M. Cecilia Cheung
The Beatles Louis Koo
TVXQ Travis Fimmel as Luther
Cai Xukun Paula Patton as Garona Halforcen
Hua Chenyu Toby Kebbell as Durotan

Berlin[edit]

Award Party History and Leaders Culture Music Fashion Film/TV Sport Star Wars
Leonardo DiCaprio Olaf Scholz Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Ariana Grande Heidi Klum Vin Diesel Max Schmeling Princess Leia
Selena Gomez Angela Merkel Albert Einstein Miley Cyrus Guido Maria Kretschmer Marilyn Monroe Jesse Owens Rey
Matthias Schweighöfer Helmut Kohl Ludwig van Beethoven Ed Sheeran Kylie Jenner Charlie Chaplin Franz Beckenbauer Obi-Wan Kenobi
Brad Pitt Barack Obama Sigmund Freud Taylor Swift E.T. Jürgen Klinsmann Luke Skywalker
Morgan Freeman Ronald Reagan William Shakespeare Justin Bieber Günther Jauch
Elyas M'Barek Mikhail Gorbachev Bertolt Brecht Shawn Mendes Sonja Zietlow
Julia Roberts Heydar Aliyev Günter Grass Capital Bra Horst Schlämmer
Will Smith Marie Tussaud Joseph Beuys David Bowie Spider-Man
Barbara Schöneberger Winston Churchill Johann Sebastian Bach Michael Jackson Hildegard Knef
Mark Forster Konrad Adenauer Beyoncé Alice Schwarzer
Angelina Jolie Erich Honecker Josephine Baker Marlene Dietrich
Harry Styles John F. Kennedy Liza Minnelli
Lady Gaga Willy Brandt Travis Fimmel as Luther
Rihanna Paula Patton as Garona Halforcen
Dwayne Johnson Toby Kebbell as Durotan
Nicole Kidman
Johnny Depp

Amsterdam[edit]

A-list Music Marvel Fashion Sport World Leaders DJ's TV Arts Royal
George Clooney Shawn Mendes Loki Justin Bieber Rafael van der Vaart Barack Obama Martin Garrix Chantal Janzen Salvador Dalí King Willem-Alexander
Zayn Malik Ariana Grande Thor Miley Cyrus Rafael Nadal Angela Merkel Afrojack Joop van den Ende Rembrandt Queen Máxima
Ryan Gosling and Eva Mendes Adele Hulk Kate Moss Lionel Messi Dalai Lama Hardwell Enzo Knol Leonardo da Vinci Wilhelmina
Angelina Jolie Taylor Swift Captain America Michael Jackson Sebastian Vettel Nicolas Sarkozy Armin van Buuren Humberto Tan Vincent van Gogh Princess Diana
Johnny Depp Dua Lipa Iron Man Rihanna Johan Cruyff Jacques Chirac Tiësto Piet Mondrian William of Orange
Daniel Craig Elettra Lamborghini Wolverine Doutzen Kroes Sven Kramer Nelson Mandela Herman Brood Beatrix
Lady Gaga Elvis Presley Spider-Man Nikkie de Jager Jutta Leerdam Mona Lisa Juliana
Marilyn Monroe Snelle Anna Wintour Rico Verhoeven Pablo Picasso
Leonard DiCaprio Guus Meeuwis Victoria Beckham Virgil van Dijk
Jennifer Aniston Davina Michelle Naomi Campbell
Michiel Huisman Ed Sheeran Jean Paul Gaultier
Robert Pattinson Harry Styles Kendall Jenner
Dwayne Johnson Beyoncé
Emma Watson Bob Marley
Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Lil' Kleine
Zendaya

Budapest[edit]

Film Music Sports Leaders and History
Angelina Jolie Ariana Grande Cristiano Ronaldo Donald Trump
Barbara Palvin Beyoncé Ferenc Puskás Harry Houdini
Bela Lugosi Franz Liszt Katinka Hosszú István Széchenyi
Brad Pitt Freddie Mercury Lionel Messi John von Neumann
Bruce Willis Jimmy Zámbó László Papp King Saint Stephen
Bud Spencer Lady Gaga David Beckham Lajos Kossuth
Chuck Norris Madonna Matthias Corvinus
George Clooney Rihanna Mihály Munkácsy
Jennifer Lopez Whitney Houston Mikhail Gorbachev
Katalin Karády Michael Jackson Ronald Reagan
Leonardo DiCaprio Elvis Presley Sisi
Marilyn Monroe Shawn Mendes Sándor Petőfi
Penelope Cruz Selena Gomez Xi Jinping
Peter Falk Pope Francis
Robert Downey Jr. Elizabeth II
Ryan Gosling
Sandra Bullock
Scarlett Johansson
Steven Spielberg
Tom Cruise
Tom Hanks
Will Smith
Notes:[49]

Vienna[edit]

World War II Party & Hollywood Sport Film Politicians & Visionaries Arts & Culture Music History
Oskar Schindler Angelina Jolie Renate Götschl Julie Andrews Dalai Lama Gottfried Helnwein Freddie Mercury Marie Antoinette
Winston Churchill Quentin Tarantino David Alaba Daniel Craig Elizabeth II Friedensreich Hundertwasser Taylor Swift Napoleon
Leopold Figl Benedict Cumberbatch Hermann Maier Alfred Hitchcock Barack Obama Ludwig van Beethoven Udo Jürgens Maria Theresia
Karl Renner Morgan Freeman Herbert Prohaska James Dean Angela Merkel Gustav Klimt Michael Jackson Franz Joseph
Anne Frank Kate Winslet Franz Klammer Peter Alexander Bruno Kreisky Luciano Pavarotti Katy Perry Sisi
Will Smith Gerhard Berger Audrey Hepburn Heinz Fischer Sigmund Freud Hansi Hinterseer Marie Tussaud
Leonardo DiCaprio Dominic Thiem Romy Schneider Pope John Paul II Joseph Haydn Elvis Presley Albert Einstein
Johnny Depp Muhammad Ali Hans Moser Arnold Schwarzenegger Franz Schubert Conchita Wurst
Chris Hemsworth Hans Krankl Marlene Dietrich Mahatma Gandhi Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Andreas Gabalier
Zendaya Stefan Kraft Hans Sigl Karl Marx Leonard Bernstein Falco
Brad Pitt Robert Pattinson Herbert von Karajan Madonna
George Clooney Emma Watson Johann Strauss Cro
Orson Welles Charlie Chaplin Richard Lugner Christina Stürmer
Marilyn Monroe Rihanna
Sandra Bullock Kylie Minogue
Lady Gaga Miley Cyrus
Justin Bieber

Sydney[edit]

Justice League Pride Film & TV History & World Leaders Marvel Music Party Sports Fashion
Superman Courtney Act Eric Bana Dalai Lama Wolverine Troye Sivan[85] Chris Hemsworth and Liam Hemsworth Layne Beachley Megan Gale
Aquaman Guy Pearce Jackie Chan Mahatma Gandhi Spider-Man Harry Styles[86] Meghan, Duchess of Sussex and Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex Dylan Alcott Miranda Kerr
Wonder Woman Lady Gaga Mel Gibson King Charles III Iron Man Pink Rebel Wilson Tim Cahill Elle Macpherson
Batman Audrey Hepburn William, Prince of Wales and Catherine, Princess of Wales Captain Marvel Adele Nicole Kidman Don Bradman
The Flash Steve Irwin Queen Elizabeth II Taylor Swift Ryan Gosling Cathy Freeman
Cyborg Amanda Keller Bob Hawke John Farnham Johnny Depp Lleyton Hewitt
Heath Ledger John Howard Kylie Minogue Rove McManus Rod Laver
Olivia Newton-John Ned Kelly Justin Bieber Dannii Minogue Glenn McGrath
Ray Meagher Arthur Phillip Keith Urban Delta Goodrem Sally Pearson
Marilyn Monroe James Cook Katy Perry Angelina Jolie Ian Thorpe
Olivia Newton-John Henry Lawson Jimmy Barnes Cate Blanchett Shane Warne
Ian Smith Banjo Patterson Michael Hutchence Brad Pitt Mark Webber
Curtis Stone Charles Kingsford Smith Ricky Martin Oprah Winfrey Sachin Tendulkar
E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial Julia Gillard Rihanna Leonardo DiCaprio Yao Ming
Jacob Elordi Hu Jintao Michael Jackson Shah Rukh Khan
Barack Obama Dua Lipa Priyanka Chopra Jonas
Eddie Mabo Ariana Grande
Nelson Mandela Diljit Dosanjh
Albert Einstein
Madame Marie Tussaud
Mary MacKillop

Istanbul[edit]

Music Cinema Sport Science and Culture VIP Party History and Leaders
Michael Jackson Marilyn Monroe Arda Turan Marie Tussaud Angelina Jolie Mehmed the Conqueror
Madonna Audrey Hepburn Maria Sharapova Albert Einstein Brad Pitt Mimar Sinan
Beyoncé Jennifer Lawrence Rafael Nadal Leonardo da Vinci Johnny Depp Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Lady Gaga Steven Spielberg Lionel Messi Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Julia Roberts Tansu Çiller
Demi Lovato Tom Cruise Hedo Türkoğlu Sabiha Gökçen Leonardo DiCaprio Rumi
Bob Marley Tarık Akan Cristiano Ronaldo Steve Jobs Beren Saat Suleiman the Magnificent
Zeki Müren Jackie Chan Muhammad Ali Yaşar Kemal Kıvanç Tatlıtuğ
Müslüm Gürses Spider-Man Usain Bolt Elon Musk Tolga Çevik
Murat Boz Harun Neymar Kerem Bürsin
Aleyna Tilki Vin Diesel Yasemin Dalkılıç Demet Akbağ
Justin Bieber Bruce Willis Mesut Özil David Beckham
MFÖ Shrek Ayşe Arman
Edis E.T. Victoria Beckham
Barış Manço Adile Naşit Will Smith
Neşet Ertaş Travis Fimmel as Luther Tuba Büyüküstün
Rihanna Shah Rukh Khan
Katy Perry Ryan Gosling
Dua Lipa
Harry Styles
Notes:[87]

Dubai[edit]

Music Party A-List Fashion Media Leaders Bollywood Film Sport
Kadim El Sahir Zendaya Ahmed Fahmi Elizabeth II Salman Khan Dwayne Johnson Lewis Hamilton
Justin Timberlake Cara Delevingne Kris Fade Xi Jinping Katrina Kaif Audrey Hepburn Sachin Tendulkar
Balqees Ahmed Fathi David Beckham and Victoria Beckham Hassan El Shafei Narendra Modi Shah Rukh Khan Jennifer Lawrence as Katniss Everdeen Cristiano Ronaldo
Taylor Swift Kylie Jenner Carla DiBello Donald Trump Kareena Kapoor Khan Jackie Chan Lionel Messi
Justin Bieber Huda Kattan and Mona Kattan Bin Baz Melania Trump Hrithik Roshan Vin Diesel Muhammad Ali
Miley Cyrus Kendall Jenner Madame Tussaud Benazir Bhutto Allu Arjun John Travolta Sergiu Toma
Ed Sheeran Elie Saab Mahatma Gandhi Amitabh Bachchan Tom Cruise Virat Kohli
Maya Diab Anna Wintour Ranbir Kapoor Spider-Man Yasser Al-Qahtani
Majid Al Mohandis Madhuri Dixit Marilyn Monroe Conor McGregor
Lady Gaga Travis Fimmel as Luther Amna Al Haddad
Mohammed Assaf
Nancy Ajram
Pharrell Williams
Rihanna
Will Smith
Notes:[88]

Closed locations[edit]

Washington, D.C.[edit]

U.S Presidents First Ladies Cultural Icons A-List Music Sports Entertainment
Donald Trump Michelle Obama Uncle Sam Marilyn Monroe Marvin Gaye Babe Ruth Jimmy Fallon
Abraham Lincoln Hillary Clinton Rosa Parks Zac Efron Taylor Swift Kobe Bryant Tyra Banks
Barack Obama Nancy Reagan George Clooney Miley Cyrus Evander Holyfield Oprah Winfrey
George Washington Melania Trump Brad Pitt Beyonce Stephen Colbert
Bill Clinton Angelina Jolie Rihanna Larry King
Ronald Reagan Johnny Depp Justin Bieber
Salma Hayek Michael Jackson
Lady Gaga

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The family themselves pronounce it /ˈts/.[citation needed]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Rothstein, Edward (24 August 2007). "Ripley's Believe It or Not – Madame Tussauds". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 May 2010. Madame Tussaud (who gave the attraction its now-jettisoned apostrophe) ...
  3. ^ The Law Journal Reports Volume 96. E.B. Ince. p. 328.
  4. ^ a b Smith, Andrew; Graham, Anne (2019). Destination London. The Expansion of the Visitor Economy. University of Westminster Press. p. 6. Whilst London's appeal is based on historical attractions that date back to Roman times, the city's tourism 'industry' arguably dates back to the nineteenth century. In the period 1820–1840 new facilities were established that still provide the backbone of the city's tourism sector: iconic attractions (London Zoo, Madame Tussauds), leisure settings...
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Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

51°31′22″N 0°09′19″W / 51.52278°N 0.15528°W / 51.52278; -0.15528