Madame d'Aulnoy

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Madame d'Aulney, Baroness d'Aulnoy
Marie-Catherine d'Aulnoy
Marie-Catherine d'Aulnoy
Born Marie-Catherine Le Jumel de Barneville
1650/1651
Barneville-la-Bertran
Died 4 January 1705
Occupation fairy tale writer, Baroness
Notable works
  • Sentiments of a Penitent Soul (Sentiments d'une Ame penitente)
  • The Return of a Soul to God (Le Retour d'une Ame à Dieu)
  • History of Hippolyte, Count of Douglas (Histoire d'Hippolyte, comte de Duglas) (1690)
  • History of Jean de Bourbon, Prince of Carency (Histoire de Jean de Bourbon, Prince de Carency) (1692)
  • The Count of Warwick (Le Comte de Warwick)
  • Memories of the Court of Spain, Account of the Voyage to Spain (Memoires de la cour d'Espagne, Relation du voyage d'Espagne) (1690 or 1691)
  • Memories of the Court of England (Mémoires de la cour d'Angleterre) (1695)
  • From Fairy Tales (Les Contes des Fées) (1697)
Spouse François de la Motte, Baron d'Aulnoy

Marie-Catherine Le Jumel de Barneville, Baroness d'Aulnoy (1650/1651–4 January 1705), also known as Countess d'Aulnoy, was a French writer known for her fairy tales. When she termed her works contes de fées (fairy tales), she originated the term that is now generally used for the genre.[1]

Biography[edit]

D'Aulnoy was born in Barneville-la-Bertran, Calvados, as a member of the noble family of Le Jumel de Barneville.[2] In 1666, she was given at the age of fifteen in an arranged marriage to a Parisian thirty years older—François de la Motte, Baron d'Aulnoy, of the household of the duc de Vendôme. The baron was a freethinker and a known gambler. Over the next three years, the couple had three children. In 1669, the Baron d'Aulnoy was accused of treason but the accusations, in which Mme d'Aulnoy appeared to be involved, proved to be false, and two men implicated in the accusation were executed. Marie-Catherine's mother fled the country as she was also allegedly involved, however it is not known if the Comtesse d'Aulnoy herself had anything to do with the charges. She had three more children and discontinued involvement in the Paris social scene for twenty years. During this period, she later said that she had traveled to Spain, with her mother, who remained in Madrid, and England, the latter voyage cannot be confirmed however. Much of this time was also spent writing stories inspired by these destinations; these stories later became her most popular works.

Madame d'Aulnoy was a permanent resident of Paris again by 1690, where her salon became frequented by leading aristocrats and princes, including her close friend, Saint-Evremond. Over the next thirteen years she published twelve books including three pseudo-memoirs, two fairy tale collections and three "historical" novels. Gaining the reputation as a historian and recorder of tales from outside France, and elected as a member of Paduan Accademia dei Ricovatri, she was called by the name of the muse of history, Clio. However, at this time the idea of history was a much looser term which included her fictional accounts. In 150 years, the more strictly documented form of the term led to her accounts being declared "fraudulent". However, in France and England at the time her works were considered as mere entertainment, a sentiment reflected in the reviews of the period. Her truly accurate attempts at historical accounts telling of the Dutch wars of Louis XIV were less successful.

Her most popular works were her fairy tales and adventure stories as told in Les Contes des Fees (Tales of fairies) and Contes Nouveaux, ou Les Fées à la Mode. Unlike the folk tales of the Grimm Brothers, who were born some 135 years later than d'Aulnoy, she told her stories in a more conversational style, as they might be told in salons. These stories were far from suitable for children and many English adaptations are very dissimilar to the original.

Issue[edit]

Madame d'Aulnoy had six children, two of whom were born after she became estranged from her husband, although they bore his name:

  • Marie-Angélique (26 January 1667, died young, probably before November 1669[3])
  • Dominique-César, her only son (23 November 1667, died young)
  • Marie-Anne, Dame de Barvenille (27 October 1668[4]-before 1726[5]); she married on 29 November 1685 Claude-Denis de Héère (1658-before June 1711[6]), a nobleman from Berry, who became Sire de Barneville, and had:
    • Jacques-Denis-Augustin de Héère (1698- ?); he married on 2 November 1734 Geneviève Françoise de La Fauche. No issue.
    • Marguerite de Héère, Dame de Vaudoy.
    • Denise-Lucrèce de Héère (?- after 1772).
    • Marguerite-Françoise de Héère; she married Jacques-François Tardieu, "Count" of Malissy.
    • Marie-Anne de Héère (6 August 1701 - 3 January 1737); she married on 24 September 1735 Jean-Pierre de Fontanges, and had a son:
      • François-Alexandre de Fontanges (28 December 1736-1754); he married in 1767 N. de Barol-Rochemont. No known issue.
  • Judith-Henriette (14 November 1669- after 1711); she married on 4 September 1704 in Madrid Giulio Orazio Pucci, second Marquis of Bargente (Barsento, in Italy), and had at least two children:
    • Antonio Pucci[7]
    • Luisa Maria Pucci; she was the first wife of Francesco Guicciardini.
  • Thérèse-Aimée (13 October 1676-after 1726[8]); she married Edmé des Préaux d'Antigny and had a daughter:
    • Edmée-Angélique des Préaux d'Antigny (born on 18 November 1704- death date unknown); she was married to Pierre-Joseph Vermale but the marriage was annulled.
  • Françoise-Angélique-Maxime (c. 1677-17 November 1727); she never married and had no issue.

Works[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jack Zipes, The Great Fairy Tale Tradition: From Straparola and Basile to the Brothers Grimm, p 858, ISBN 0-393-97636-X
  2. ^ She was the niece of Marie Bruneau des Loges
  3. ^ Jeanne Roche-Mazon, Autour des contes de fées : recueil d'études de Jeanne Roche-Mazon, accompagnées de pièces complémentaires, Volume 55, 1968, p 8
  4. ^ Raymond Foulché-Delbosc, Revue Hispanique, Volume 69, 1926, p 11.
  5. ^ Raymond Foulché-Delbosc, Revue Hispanique, Volume 69, 1926, p 106.
  6. ^ Raymond Foulché-Delbosc, Revue Hispanique, Volume 69, 1926, p 106.
  7. ^ Raymond Foulché-Delbosc, Revue Hispanique, Volume 69, 1926, p 109.
  8. ^ Raymond Foulché-Delbosc, Revue Hispanique, Volume 69, 1926, p 109.

References[edit]

  • Disse, Dorothy. (1 October 2004) Marie Catherine d'Aulnoy. Other Women's Voices. Retrieved 22 January 2005.
  • Zipes, Jack When Dreams Came True: Classical Fairy Tales and Their Tradition, ISBN 0-415-92151-1
  • Amy Vanderlyn De Graff, The Tower and the Well (1984), the standard psychoanalytic study.

External links and resources[edit]