Madan Bhandari

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Madan Kumar Bhandari
Madan bhandari.jpg
Native name मदनकुमार भण्डारी
Born (1952-06-27)27 June 1952
Dhungesangu Village, Taplejung, Nepal
Died 16 May 1993(1993-05-16) (aged 40)
Dasdhunga, Chitwan, Nepal
Cause of death Possibly murdered (car accident)
Body discovered Three days later
Resting place Arya Ghat, Pashupati
Monuments Madan Bhandari Memorial College, Madan-Ashrit Highway, Madan Bhandari Road
Residence Kathmandu and Jhapa
Nationality Nepalese
Other names जनताका नेता (People's leader), जननेता
Citizenship Nepali
Known for जनताको बहुदलीय जनवाद "People's Multiparty Democracy"
Notable work Refrendum
Political party Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
Movement People's Movement I (1990)
Opponent(s) Panchayat system
Spouse(s) Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Children 2

Madan Kumar Bhandari (Nepali: मदनकुमार भण्डारी) (27 June 1952[1] – 16 May 1993[2]) was a Nepalese politician and communist leader. He was sensational youth Communist leader who rose to prominence after being party leader and defeating great rival leader Krishna Prasad Bhattarai in the general election. The New York Times featured him,[clarification needed] writing, "Karl Marx lives in Nepal."[citation needed]


Bhandari was born in Dhungesangu village of Taplejung district of eastern Nepal. He studied in Medibung School in Taplejung and in Varanasi, India. In 1972, he became the central committee member of the Janabadi Sanskritik Morcha (Democratic Cultural Front), a student movement launched by Pushpa Lal Shrestha. Around 1976, he left Pushpa Lal's Communist Party of Nepal to launch the Mukti Morcha Samuha ("Liberation Front Group"), which formed an alliance with the survivors of the Jhapa Movement in 1978. He was a founder member of the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) preceding the 1980 referendum and was elected general secretary at its fourth national in 1986.

When CPN (ML) merged into the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) in 1991, Bhandari became the general secretary. He was the engineer behind the program of CPN (UML) "People's Multiparty Democracy"), which led his party as the strongest communist party of Nepal for several years even after his death.

1991 Elections and aftermath[edit]

The UML party, under the leadership of Bhandari, won all but one seat in the Himalayan capital in 1991 elections, the country's first free elections in more than three decades.[3] "It is a vote for democracy. It is a vote for independence. It is a vote for the alleviation of poverty," said Bhandari afterwards.[3]

He believed that the way for communists to gain power was through popular vote and not radical armed movements. However, shortly after the elections, he died mysteriously in a car accident in Dasdhunga, Chitwan.[4]


On 16 May 1993, Bhandari died, supposedly in a car accident without any eyewitness.[clarification needed] Many[who?] believe he was murdered. Among the three passengers inside the car, only the driver Amar Lama survived; the two leaders Madan Bhandari and Jeev Raj Ashrit died.

His body was recovered three days later and kept in Dasharath Rangashala where people visited that day and into the night to pay their respects.[4]

The only survivor of that crash, driver Amar Lama, was murdered 10 years later.[5] A group of unidentified gunmen abducted Lama from the office of Tajakhabar Weekly tabloid at around 13:45. They took him in a taxi to the hamlet of Kirtipur on the southwestern outskirts of the capital, and shot him dead. The assassins then fled towards Panga village.[5]


Communism in Nepal
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  1. ^ K.C., Surendra. Aitihasik dastavej sangroh - bhag 2. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan, 2063 B.S.. p 464.
  2. ^ 1
  3. ^ a b FINEMAN, MARK (1991-05-15). "Communists Celebrate Nepal Victories : Elections: Katmandu goes Marxist but moderates lead in countryside voting.". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2015-10-28. 
  4. ^ a b "A Death Heavier than the Himalayas". Retrieved 2015-10-28. 
  5. ^ a b Acharya, Yuvraj (July 28, 2003). "Driver of murdered UML leaders killed". 
Party political offices
Preceded by
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist)
1986 – 1991
Succeeded by
(as General Secretary of the CPN (UML))
Preceded by
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
1991 – 1993
Succeeded by
Madhav Kumar Nepal