Madang

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Madang
Town
Coastwatchers Memorial Lighthouse, Kalibobo, Madang
Coastwatchers Memorial Lighthouse, Kalibobo, Madang
Madang is located in Papua New Guinea
Madang
Madang
Location in Papua New Guinea
Coordinates: 5°13′S 145°48′E / 5.217°S 145.800°E / -5.217; 145.800Coordinates: 5°13′S 145°48′E / 5.217°S 145.800°E / -5.217; 145.800
Country  Papua New Guinea
Province Madang Province
District Madang District
Established 1884
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 29,339
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
Climate Af

Madang (old German name: Friedrich-Wilhelmshafen[1]) is the capital of Madang Province and is a town with a population of 27,420 (in 2005) on the north coast of Papua New Guinea. It was first settled by the Germans in the 19th century.

Madang is the home of Divine Word University. The University accepts local and international students.

History[edit]

Russian biologist Nicholai Miklukho-Maklai was probably the first European to visit the area. In 1871 he stayed at Astrolabe Bay just south of present-day Madang for 15 months. He had a good relationship with the local communities before leaving, suffering from malaria.

In April 1884 an expedition by the German New Guinea Company led by Otto Finsch and Eduard Dallmann arrived and named the landing point "Friedrich Wilhelmshafen"; however, they felt that the area was unsuitable for a settlement. A subsequent survey in 1888 mentioned good soil conditions that would make a coffee plantation possible. In the summer of 1891 a station was built and by September 1892 was seat of the provincial administration; however, the Imperial Government Commissioner remained at Stephansort, some 23 kilometers away due to concerns about malaria. The name of "Madang" was used by Papuan natives who had accompanied the German administrators after their home island, and only became the official name of the settlement towards the end of the German administration. Although the settlement was expanded from 1893-1894 with warehouses, a sawmill, hospital and other facilities, (including an ox-drawn railway to Stephansort) various ventures, such as the coffee plantations and atap palm processing proved economically ruinous, due to malaria and inclement climate. From 1895 and 1896 several German warships were stationed here for a survey of surrounding waters, during which time a total of 295 men came down with malaria. In 1899 the capital of the New Guinea Company was transferred to Herbertshöhe on the island of New Pomerania (now New Britain).

Following World War I, the area was turned over to Australia as part of the League of Nations mandated Territory of New Guinea.

The Imperial Japanese Army captured Madang without a fight during World War II in 1942. In September 1943, Australian forces launched a sustained campaign to retake the Finisterre Range and Madang. The town was captured on April 24, 1944. During the occupation and fighting the town was virtually destroyed and had to be rebuilt afterwards.

NGO Presence in Madang[edit]

Madang is viewed by many in the country as being safer and more pleasant for expatriates than the larger cities of Lae and Port Moresby. Because of this, some NGOs have chosen Madang as the location of their main offices in country.

CUSO (a Canadian NGO) and VSO (a British NGO) both have their headquarters in Madang.

Save the Children, WWF, and World Vision are also present with branch offices in Madang.

As a consequence Madang has a larger number of expatriates working and living in the town than its small population would suggest.

Transport[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Madang
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.2
(91.8)
33.3
(91.9)
33.3
(91.9)
33.7
(92.7)
32.2
(90)
32.2
(90)
31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.1)
33.4
(92.1)
31.7
(89.1)
32.5
(90.5)
33.6
(92.5)
33.7
(92.7)
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
30.6
(87.1)
30.6
(87.1)
30.6
(87.1)
30.7
(87.3)
30.4
(86.7)
30.2
(86.4)
30.2
(86.4)
30.5
(86.9)
30.9
(87.6)
31.2
(88.2)
30.9
(87.6)
30.6
(87.1)
Average low °C (°F) 23.9
(75)
23.8
(74.8)
23.9
(75)
23.8
(74.8)
23.9
(75)
23.7
(74.7)
23.4
(74.1)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
23.8
(74.8)
23.9
(75)
23.9
(75)
23.8
(74.8)
Record low °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
20.7
(69.3)
20.8
(69.4)
21.1
(70)
20.1
(68.2)
19.9
(67.8)
20.0
(68)
18.9
(66)
20.8
(69.4)
20.3
(68.5)
20.0
(68)
19.4
(66.9)
18.9
(66)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 343.8
(13.535)
292.0
(11.496)
329.8
(12.984)
389.4
(15.331)
343.4
(13.52)
186.4
(7.339)
144.2
(5.677)
93.8
(3.693)
82.6
(3.252)
239.2
(9.417)
280.2
(11.031)
382.0
(15.039)
3,106.8
(122.315)
Average rainy days 23 21 23 23 21 18 15 12 11 15 19 23 224
Average relative humidity (%) 85 85 85 85 85 84 84 82 83 83 84 84 84
Mean monthly sunshine hours 160 140 144 162 193 195 198 210 227 210 185 160 2,184
Source #1: World Meteorological Organisation[2]
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes, humidity and sun)[3][4][a]

Products[edit]

Industry and farming are growing constantly in importance, more for export to distant lands. There are the widespread coconut palm plantations on the coast and cardamum is grown on Madang.

The Kulili plantation is the second largest of Kar Kar Island's twelve plantations with its more than a thousand coconut palms and cocoa trees. 70% of the cocoa and 50% of the copra produced in Madang province comes from Kar Kar.

In Madang province 173 regional languages are spoken, some of them being extremely different from the others.

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The New Encyclopædia Britannica (1974), Micropædia Vol. 6 (15th ed.). p. 467. 
  2. ^ "World Weather Information Service — Madang". World Meteorological Organisation. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  3. ^ "Klimatafel von Madang / Papua-Neuguinea" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  4. ^ "Station 92014 Madang W.O". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Station ID for Madang W.O is 92014 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration