Dawat-e-Islami

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Dawat-e-Islami
دعوت اسلامی
Founder
Muhammad Ilyas Qadri[1]
Religions
Islam
Scriptures
Quran , Hadith , Faizan-e-Sunnat
Languages
Liturgical: Arabic
In Bangladesh: Bengali
In India & Pakistan:Urdu
In the diaspora: In UK: Respective regional languages

Dawat-e-Islami is an Islamic organization based in Pakistan. Founded in the early 1980s by Muhammad Ilyas Qadri,[1] the organization is ideologically aligned with Sunni Islam. It has several Islamic educational institutions around the World. In addition to local charity efforts, Dawat-e-Islami also offers online courses in Islamic studies and runs a television station, Madani Channel.[2]

Mission[edit]

The group's mission statement is "I must strive to reform myself and people of the entire world".[3]

It points to an emphasis on individual reform which can lead to a broader social reform. This reform is to be achieved through Tableegh, eschewing what are considered to be 'contemporary forms of politics' and calling for a revival of core Islamic traditions of Akhlaq (Good manners), Huqooq-ul-Ibaad (Rights of humans), and Ilm-e-deen (Islamic sciences). Muhammad Ilyas Qadri, head of DI, cites Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (1856-1921), an Islamic scholar considered by many to be the Mujaddid of his time, to be a singular source of guidance and inspiration in his mission.[2]

The philosophy of Dawat e Islami revolves around purifying society from what it views as moral decay. According to the organization's official book on its founder, Dawat e Islami seeks to remove societal ills such as gambling and alcoholism via its missionary work.[4]

History[edit]

Allama Arshadul Qaudri and Islamic scholar Shah Ahmad Noorani, since 1973 head of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan (JUP), were early supporters of Da´wat-e Islāmī. Along with other Pakistani Sunni ulemā they selected Muhammad Muhammad Ilyas Qadri, who was the then Punjab president of Anjuman Tulaba-ye Islām, JUP´s youth wing, 23 as its head at Dār-ul ´ulūm Amjadia.[5][6] The group has become known for wearing green turbans.[7]

Dawat-e-Islami has presence in almost 195 countries of the world and has established Jamia-tul-Madina (Islamic centres) in Pakistan, India and in other countries.[8]

In 2006, 29 women and children died in the crush of people attempting to exit one of the weekly DI events. [9] Several years earlier, one of the few access roads from the Karachi center had been turned into a park by government officials and DI had been petitioning for a reopening of the road since 2002 to help facilitate the traffic flow of the estimated weekly attendance of 20,000-25,000.[10] An inquest found that the building had been filled over capacity for the Rabiul Awwal event, the basement where the women attended had only one exit, and a bomb hoax had caused a stampede.[11] The following year, an additional 30 worship sites were set up around the city to reduce the concentration of the crowds.[11]

Dawat-e-Islami has expanded to the United Kingdom around 1995 holding its first Ijtima (Weekly Congregation) in Halifax. As of December 2014, it now has at least 24 properties in the United Kingdom which are used as a network of Masajid, Madrassahs, Islamic Schools and/or Jamias in order to create future scholars. Some buildings have been completed and others are being worked upon. Around 10,000 British Muslims are in some form or the other associated with Dawat-e-Islami in UK.[12][13][14]

Dawat-e-Islami operates five centers in Greece and three in Spain.[15] In 2009, a madrassa was opened in Rotherham England for the education of young children and adults. In Athens, it has association with local Sufis and has established four centers.[16]

Dawat-e-Islami USA has centers in Chicago, Texas and California.[17]

In Bangladesh, Dawat-e-Islami led Jamia-tul- Madina has produced scholars who are serving in United Kingdom.[18]

Reception[edit]

In 2007, retired Pakistani lieutenant general Khalid Maqbool praised the organization for "motivating the Muslims to do good instead of fanning hatred against any sect." [19]

Activities[edit]

The two most significant activities of Dawat-e-Islami are Madani Qafila (missionary travel) and Madani Inamaat (self assessment questionnaires). It likes the followers to travel for specific days to spread the message of Islam to the people. Its leadership hardly interacts with the mainstream media though the organisation own its TV Channel. It also arranges an annual gathering of its followers in Multan.[20]

Call to Dawah[edit]

Employing peer pressure and rewarding conformity, DI imposes a strict dress code on their adherents and are organised in small units of lay preachers, who invite for weekly and annual congregations. They stress the strict and literal imitation of the life of the Prophet in all aspects of the daily routine. As missionary, the lay preacher has to act like an ideal Muslim. The "Islamic Project" of DI is the "Sunnaization", that is the Re-shaping and Re-construction of the daily routine and the individual markers of identity based on the examples of the Prophet and the Salaf as portrayed in the Hadith-Literature.[21] It arranges Haftawar Shab-e-Juma Ijtima (weekly gatherings) in cities around the world.[22][23]

Dawat-e-Islami held its first congregation for deaf, dumb and blind students at its central headquarters Faizan-e-Madinah. Hundreds of students between 16 and 18 years of age attended the programme.[24]

Mohammad Hafeez, Misbah-ul-Haq, Kamran Akmal with Volunteers of Dawat-e-Islami

In September 2005, players of national hockey team along with the coach pledged allegiance to Maulana Ilyas Qadri to follow his teachings.[4] Also in 2005, Dawat-e-Islami invited former President Pervez Musharraf and Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz to its two-day congregation in Lahore.[25][26]

Annual Islamic gatherings (Ijtema)[edit]

It annually organizes a large congregation in Multan, Pakistan, for South Asia and in Birmingham for Europe.[6] In 2002, an estimated half-a-million people participated in its congregation at Multan, Pakistan.[27] The 2009 event was canceled because of security concerns.[28]

Madarsa-tul Madina (Islamic educational centers)[edit]

Dawat e Islami has opened a department with the name of ‘Madrasa-tul-Madina Online.’ This department aims to teach the Quran according to the principles of Arabic phonetics to all who live abroad, as well as to provide them with knowledge and understanding of Islamic teachings.[29]

Dawat-e-Islami collects Zakat and Sadaqah during Ramadan for its Dawah and organizational activities.[30]

Notable followers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b N. K. Singh (2015). global encyclopaedia of islamic mystics and mysticism. India: Global Vision Publishing House, India. p. 270. ISBN 978-81-8220-673-1. 
  2. ^ a b "British Library EThOS: Imam Ahmed Raza Khan and the Dawat-e-Islami Movement: Islamic Revival through social reform". Ethos.bl.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  3. ^ "British Library EThOS: Imam Ahmed Raza Khan and the Dawat-e-Islami Movement: Islamic Revival through social reform". Ethos.bl.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  4. ^ a b "Special Report, NOS, The News International". Jang.com.pk. 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  5. ^ The Milli Gazette, OPI, Pharos Media. "Who is to be blamed?, The Milli Gazette, Vol. 3 No. 11". Milligazette.com. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  6. ^ a b "The Politics of Difference" (PDF). Crossasia.repository.ub.uni-heidelberg.de. Retrieved 2015-09-20. Jihad, Da´wa, and Hijra: Islamic Missionary Movements in Europe Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "crossasia-repository.ub.uni-heidelberg.de" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  7. ^ Hasan Mansoor (April 13, 2006). "From sectarian to mainstream politics: ST remains at a crossroads". Daily Times. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  8. ^ "List of Departments of Dawateislami to Serve Muslim Ummah & Islam". Websites.dawateislami.net. 2012-09-19. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  9. ^ Abbas Naqvi (April 11, 2006). "The ground beneath her feet...". Daily Times. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  10. ^ Staff (April 11, 2006). "Darkness at Faizan-e-Madina". Daily Times. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  11. ^ a b Abbas Navqi (2007-04-09). "Faizan-e-Madina families yet to be compensated". Daily Times. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "Global Encyclopaedia of Education (4 Vols. Set) - Rama Sankar Yadav & B.N. Mandal - Google Books". Books.google.co.in. 2007-01-01. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  13. ^ "Dawat-E-Islami UK". DueDil. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  14. ^ "Al Amin Mosque (Barkerend, Bradford, Bradford, West Yorkshire) Also Known as "Faizan-e-Madina, Dawat e Islami UK Movement, Da'watul Islam UK & Eire, Uleman Council of Da'watul Islam"". Mosquedirectory.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  15. ^ "Jihad, Da´wa, and Hijra: Islamic Missionary Movements in Europe" (PDF). Zmo.de. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  16. ^ Ruy Blanes; José Mapril (11 July 2013). Sites and Politics of Religious Diversity in Southern Europe: The Best of All Gods. BRILL. pp. 169–. ISBN 978-90-04-25524-1. 
  17. ^ [1] Archived July 24, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ John L. Esposito; John Voll; Osman Bakar (12 November 2007). Asian Islam in the 21st Century. Oxford University Press, USA. pp. 59–. ISBN 978-0-19-804421-5. 
  19. ^ Staff (November 28, 2007). "Promote true Islam, governor tells clerics". Daily Times. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  20. ^ "Special Report, NOS, The News International". Jang.com.pk. 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  21. ^ "Parrots of Paradise - Symbols of the Super-Muslim: Sunnah, Sunnaization and Self-Fashioning in the Islamic Missionary Movements Tablighi Jama'at, Da'wat-e Islami and Sunni Da'wat-e Islami". Crossasia-repository.ub.uni-heidelberg.de. 2008-07-31. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  22. ^ "TRAVEL/CULTURE PHOTOS WEEKLY: Voodoo, Archer, More". News.nationalgeographic.com. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  23. ^ "Da’awat moot concludes - Newspaper". Dawn.Com. 2002-10-21. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  24. ^ [2][dead link]
  25. ^ [3] Archived April 18, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ "Pakistan cricketers approach DI chief to find wins this season | World news". Newsagency.thecheers.org. 2008-01-14. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  27. ^ "Da’awat moot concludes - Newspaper". Dawn.Com. 2002-10-21. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  28. ^ Staff (October 18, 2009). "Security fears force cancellation of Dawat-e-Islami conference". Daily Times. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  29. ^ [4] Archived April 12, 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  30. ^ [5][dead link]
  31. ^ [6] Archived February 22, 2008 at the Wayback Machine

Notes[edit]

  • Attar Qadri, Ilyas (1991). Dawat-e-Islami ka Maqsad. Maktaba Ahle Sunnah Karachi. 
  • Gugler, Thomas K. (2011). Mission Medina: Da'wat-e Islami und Tabligi Gama'at. Würzburg: Ergon. 

External links[edit]