The label was introduced in Britain by the Merchandise Marks Act 1887, to mark foreign produce more obviously, as foreign manufactures had been falsely marking inferior goods with the marks of renowned British manufacturing companies and importing them into the United Kingdom. Most of these were found to be originating from Germany, whose government had introduced a protectionist policy to legally prohibit the import of goods in order to build up domestic industry (Merchandise Marks Act - Oxford University Press).
According to Professor Asaf Zussman, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, in "The Rise of German Protectionism in the 1870s: A Macroeconomic Perspective", the "Rye and Iron" tariffs introduced by Bismarck’s Germany in 1879 caused a major reduction of imports in order to protect Germany's industries. As a response, the Free-trade Liberal government in the UK introduced the Merchandise Marks act to allow consumers to be able to choose whether or not they would continue to purchase goods from protectionist economies.
"Made in Germany" is not controlled by a central regulatory body. However, citation needed] In 1973, the Bundesgerichtshof made a ruling that the label Made in Germany cannot be restricted to west German companies only. After this ruling, Made in West Germany was often used in Western Germany, while Made in GDR was used in eastern Germany. In 1995, the Oberlandesgericht Stuttgart ruled that the term Made in Germany is misleading according to Germany's Fair Trades Act when the largest part is not German raw materials or German craftsmanship.[
- "Board of Trade: Merchandise Marks Standing Committee: Papers". The National Archives (United Kingdom). Retrieved 20 October 2012.
The Merchandise Marks Act 1887 required, for the first time, that the country of origin should be marked on any imported goods bearing the name or trade mark of a United Kingdom manufacturer. . . . Under the Act, the addition of the country of origin to imported goods of any series or description could be enforced by Order in Council.
- Lutteroth, Johanna (24 August 2012). "Dreist, dreister, Deutschland". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "The Rise of German Protectionism in The 1870s: A Macroeconomic Perspective | Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research (SIEPR)". siepr.stanford.edu. Retrieved 25 February 2023.
- "How much is 'Made in Germany' really worth?". Deutsche Welle. 20 January 2014.
- "Tighter 'Made in Germany' rules criticised". The Local. 16 January 2012.
- "Unpopular EU Proposal: 'Made in Germany' Label At Risk". Spiegel Online. 16 January 2012.
- "'Made in Germany' in times of globalisation". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- A. Joseph, Ugesh. "The 'Made in Germany' Champion Brands" (PDF). GOWER. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- Borck, Hans-Günther (1993). Ein gemeinsames Erbe: "Made in Germany". Wettbewerb in Recht und Praxis. pp. 301–303.
- Wulf, Julia (1995). "Made in Germany": Wirtschaftliche Bedeutung und rechtliche Schutzmöglichkeiten. Frankfurt am Main; New York: Peter Lang Verlag. ISBN 3-631-47785-6.
- Jenkins, Steve (2016). "Is my 'Made in Germany' (or West Germany) SIG Really German?". Seattle, Washington: RealGunReviews.com.