Madeira stipple-throated antwren

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Madeira stipple-throated antwren
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thamnophilidae
Genus: Epinecrophylla
E. amazonica
Binomial name
Epinecrophylla amazonica
(von Ihering, 1905)

See text

The Madeira stipple-throated antwren (Epinecrophylla amazonica), also called Madeira antwren or Rio Madeira stipplethroat, is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae found in Brazil and Bolivia. Until 2014, it was considered a subspecies of the stipple-throated antwren.[2][3][4] The Madeira stipple-throated antwren has two subspecies:[5]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2017). "Epinecrophylla amazonica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-1.RLTS.T103657368A112309271.en. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  2. ^ Whitney, B.M.; Isler, M.L.; Bravo, G.A.; Aristizábal, N.; Schunck, F.; Silveira, L.F.; Piacentini, V.Q. (2013). "A new species of Epinecrophylla antwren from the Aripuanã–Machado interfluvium in central Amazonian Brazil with revision of the "stipple-throated antwren" complex". In del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Special Volume: New Species and Global Index. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. pp. 263–267.
  3. ^ Isler, Morton (November 2013). "Proposal (589A): Split Epinecrophylla haematonota into four species". South American Classification Committee of the American Ornithological Society. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  4. ^ "IOC Species Updates v.4.2". Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Antbirds". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 23 February 2018.