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Madeleine Colani (August 13, 1866 – June 2, 1943) was a French archaeologist. Colani was "a pioneering fieldworker who combined the roles of geologist, paleobotanist, archeologist, and ethnographer." She is well known for discovering the Hoabinhian culture from approximately 16,000 BCE, and for her investigations on the Plain of Jars.
Life and career
In 1899 Colani arrived in Vietnam to teach, and in 1914 returned to France to earn her doctorate. From 1920 to 1927 she worked for the Indo-chinese geology bureau. She contributed much to Vietnamese archaeology, especially relating to the Sa Huỳnh Culture. She conducted archaeologic surveys in Nghệ An Province, Quảng Bình Province and Hạ Long Bay in Vietnam and Plain of Jars in Laos.
Colani is the source for today's understanding of the megalithic stone jars on the Plain of Jars, investigating and arguing "convincingly" that they were urns, used in funerary rites. Her 1930 work on the subject, The Megaliths of Upper Laos, is Colani's "great contribution to archaeological literature".
- Colani M. (1927). L'âge de la pierre dans la province de Hoa Binh. Mémoires du Service Géologique de l'Indochine 13
- Colani, Madeleine. (1930). The Megaliths of Upper Laos.
- Russell Ciochon and Jamie James, "Laos Keeps Its Urns" Archived July 15, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Ciochon's Bioanthropology Website, University of Iowa (last visited July 16, 2012).
- "The Stone Jars of Laos", ViewZone Magazine (last visited July 16, 2012).
- Elisabeth Eaves, "In Laos, the Lady and the Jars", New York Times, July 15, 2012.