May 25, 1974|
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Madeleine Thien (traditional Chinese: 鄧敏靈; simplified Chinese: 邓敏灵; born 1974) is a Canadian short story writer and novelist. The Oxford Handbook of Canadian Literature has considered her work as reflecting the increasingly trans-cultural nature of Canadian literature, exploring art, expression and politics inside Cambodia and China, as well as within diasporic Asian communities. Thien's critically acclaimed novel, Do Not Say We Have Nothing, won the 2016 Governor General's Award for English-language fiction, the Scotiabank Giller Prize, and the Edward Stanford Travel Writing Awards for Fiction. It was shortlisted for the 2016 Man Booker Prize, the 2017 Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction, and the 2017 Rathbones Folio Prize. Her books have been translated into more than 25 languages.
Early life and education
Thien was born in Vancouver, British Columbia in 1974 to a Malaysian Chinese father and a Hong Kong Chinese mother. She studied contemporary dance at Simon Fraser University and a Masters in Fine Arts specializing in Creative Writing from the University of British Columbia. Thien made the decision to switch from Dance to creative writing for a few reasons, but mainly due to the fact that she felt inadequate in talent, despite her passion for the art. Prior to working as an editor to the Rice Paper Magazine, she worked, from an early age in clerical, retail and restaurant jobs. Thien was a finalist for Writers' Trust of Canada's RBC Bronwen Wallace Award for Emerging Writers in 1999, and in 2001 she was awarded the Emerging Writers Award from the Asian Canadian Writers’ Workshop for her short story collection Simple Recipes.
Many of Thien’s works focus on the theme of time in connection to place and human emotion. In an interview with Granta from 2016, she states that she is thinking about “the way that women’s lives are expressed in literature at this moment,” and that she is interested in writing about women of colour and sexuality.
In 2001, her first book titled Simple Recipes was published. The book is a collection of short fiction pieces exploring conflicts within intergenerational and, in two stories, intercultural relationships. In the same year, Thien adapted artist Joe Chang's National Film Board short film, The Chinese Violin (2001), into a children's book. The story follows a young Chinese girl’s journey as she and her musician father adjust to life in Vancouver.
Thien's debut novel, Certainty (Toronto: M&S, 2006; New York: Little, Brown, 2007; London: Faber, 2007), follows a documentary producer as she searches for the truth about her father’s experience living in Japanese-occupied Malysia. The novel has been published internationally and translated into 16 languages.
Her second novel, Dogs at the Perimeter (Toronto: M&S, 2011; London: Granta Books, 2012) is about associates at Montreal’s Brain Research Centre, and their traumatic ties to the Cambodian genocide. The novel has been translated into 9 languages.
Her latest novel, Do Not Say We Have Nothing (2016), follows the life of Li-Ling, the daughter of a Chinese immigrant, as she becomes the keeper of a mysterious work, the Book of Records, following her father's suicide. The story also focuses on her father and his friends’ lives as young musicians growing up in China during the Cultural Revolution.
In 2008, she was invited to participate in the International Writing Program at the University of Iowa, and the IWP State Department-funded 2010 study tour of the United States, which invited eight international writers, including Kei Miller, Eduardo Halfon, Billy Kahora and Khet Mar, to explore the unresolved legacies of American history. Her essay, "The Grand Tour: In the Shadow of James Baldwin," concludes the 2015 essay collection, Fall and Rise, American Style: Eight International Writers Between Gettysburg and the Gulf. The study tour was the subject of filmmaker Sahar Sarshar's documentary, Writing in Motion: A Nation Divided.
In 2013, Thien was the Simon Fraser University Writer-in-Residence. From 2010 to 2015, she was part of the International Faculty in the MFA Program in Creative Writing at City University of Hong Kong. She wrote about the program's abrupt closure, and Hong Kong's crackdown on freedom of speech, in an essay for The Guardian. In 2016, Thien objected to the University of British Columbia's handling of complaints made against Steven Galloway, a professor in the Creative Writing department until he was fired. In a five page letter, she stressed the importance of due process and asked that her name be removed from all of UBC's promotional materials.
Awards and nominations
Thien's first book, Simple Recipes (Toronto: M&S, 2001; New York: Little, Brown, 2002), a collection of short stories, won the City of Vancouver Book Award, the VanCity Book Prize and the Ethel Wilson Fiction Prize. It received the praise of Nobel Prize laureate Alice Munro, who wrote, "This is surely the debut of a splendid writer. I am astonished by the clarity and ease of the writing, and a kind of emotional purity."
Her novel, Certainty (Toronto: M&S, 2006; New York: Little, Brown, 2007; London: Faber, 2007), won the Amazon.ca/Books in Canada First Novel Award, the Ovid Festival Prize and was a finalist for the Kiriyama Prize for Fiction.
Her second novel, Dogs at the Perimeter (Toronto: M&S, 2011; London: Granta Books, 2012) was a finalist for the Hugh MacLennan Prize for Fiction and the 2014 International Literature Award - Haus der Kulturen der Welt. The novel won the 2015 de:LiBeraturpreis, awarded by the Frankfurt Book Fair and recognizing works of fiction from Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East. Shortlisted authors for the 2015 Prize included Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Shani Boianjiu, and NoViolet Bulawayo.
Her 2016 novel, Do Not Say We Have Nothing, won the Governor General's Award for English-language fiction, and the 2016 Scotiabank Giller Prize. It was also shortlisted for the 2016 Man Booker Prize, the 2017 Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction, and the 2017 Rathbones Folio Prize. In advance of publication in the United States, it was named to the fiction longlist for the Andrew Carnegie Medals for Excellence in Fiction and Nonfiction. It has been translated into seventeen languages.
- Simple Recipes — 2001
- The Chinese Violin — 2002
- Certainty — 2006
- Dogs at the Perimeter — 2011
- Do Not Say We Have Nothing — 2016
- Sugars, Cynthia (2016). The Oxford Handbook of Canadian Literature. New York: University of Oxford Press. pp. 71, 574, 892.
- The Cambridge companion to Canadian literature. Kröller, Eva-Marie, (Second ed.). Cambridge. ISBN 9781107159624. OCLC 971615629.
- LORRE-JOHNSTON, CHRISTINE. "Madeleine Thien". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2017-03-21.
- tvoparents (2011-11-04), Madeleine Thien on the Immigrant Experience, retrieved 2017-03-21
- "Emerging Writers Award". www.asiancanadianwriters.ca. Retrieved 2017-03-21.
- "Madeleine Thien In Conversation". Granta Magazine. 2016-10-03. Retrieved 2017-03-21.
- "Reading Guide: Simple Recipes". PenguinRandomHouse Canada.
- "The Chinese Violin". Today's Parent. 19: 18. 2002.
- "Certainty". www.cbc.ca. Retrieved 2017-03-21.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
- "Madeleine Thien on Tiananmen Square and the power of storytelling". CBC Radio. Retrieved 2017-03-21.
- Durovicová, Nataša with Hugh Ferrer. "Fall and Rise, American Style: Eight International Writers Between Gettysburg and the Gulf". 91st Meridien Books.
- Sarshar, Sahar. "Writing in Motion: A Nation Divided". Vimeo.
- Thien, M.; Jacobsen, S.D. (22 February 2014). "Madeleine Thien: Writer-in-Residence, Simon Fraser University". In-Sight (3.A): 25–33.
- Madeleine Thien. "Why Hong Kong is clamping down on creative writing | Books". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-10-29.
- Lederman, Marsha (2016-10-28). "Under a cloud: How UBC's Steven Galloway affair has haunted a campus and changed lives". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2017-10-29.
- "Search | Penguin Random House Canada". Bookclubs.ca. 2002-05-23. Retrieved 2016-10-29.
- "Jean d'Ormesson is conferred "Ovidius" top award of Literature Days and Nights Festival – AGERPRES". Agerpres.ro. Retrieved 2016-10-29.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-03-01. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- International Literature Award
- Kandidatinnen für den LiBeraturpreis 2015 stehen fest
- "British Newcomer Vies With International Literary Names For Sunday Times EFG Short Story Award". The Sunday Times. 1 February 2015.
- "Madeline Thien wins Governor-General’s award for English fiction". The Globe and Mail, October 25, 2016.
- "The Man Booker Prize 2016 | The Man Booker Prizes". themanbookerprize.com.
- "2017 Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction shortlist | Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction". womensprizeforfiction.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-04.
- "Folio prize returns with nonfiction joining novels on the 2017 shortlist". Retrieved 2017-04-10.
- "Awards Longlist | Awards & Grants". www.ala.org. Retrieved 2016-09-22.
- "Vancouver's Madeleine Thien 'moved' to receive prestigious Man Booker Prize nod". Metro, July 27, 2016.