Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset

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Duchess of Parma
Marie Madeleine Yvonne de Bourbon-Busset (cropped).jpg
Madeleine, her husband Xavier and their daughter Marie des Neiges
Born(1898-03-23)23 March 1898
Paris, France
Died1 September 1984(1984-09-01) (aged 86)
Paris, France
Lignières Castle
SpousePrince Xavier, Duke of Parma and Piacenza
IssuePrincess Marie Françoise
Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma
Princess María Teresa
Princess Cecilia María
Princess Marie des Neiges
Prince Sixtus Henri
Marie Madeleine Yvonne de Bourbon-Busset
FatherGeorges de Bourbon-Busset, Count de Lignières
MotherMarie Jeanne de Kerret de Quillien

Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset (23 March 1898 – 1 September 1984) was the titular Duchess of Parma (from 1974) and was also Carlist queen of Spain (from 1952) as the consort of Prince Xavier of Bourbon-Parma, the Carlist pretender to the Spanish throne.

Life and family[edit]

She was born of a cadet branch of the Bourbon Counts of Busset, male-line descendants of Louis de Bourbon (1437–1482), prince du sang, Bishop of Liège,[1] allegedly by a liaison with Catherine de Gueldres.[2] Her father was Georges de Bourbon-Busset, Count de Lignières (1860–1932), and her mother Marie Jeanne née de Kerret-Quillien (1866–1958).[3]

Prince Xavier, a younger son of Robert I, Duke of Parma, and Madeleine were wed on 12 November 1927 at the château de Lignières in Cher.[3] The couple took up residence in the Bourbonnais, where Xavier managed Madeleine's farm lands.[3] The marriage was accepted as dynastic at the time by neither Prince Elias of Bourbon-Parma (Xavier's elder half-brother, then acting head of the House of Bourbon-Parma), nor by the senior Bourbons of the Spanish branch (Alphonso XIII), but was later recognized by the Parmesan Duke Robert Hugo,[1] and by the Carlist pretender Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime.[3]

In 1936, Alfonso Carlos, the last undisputed head of the Carlist movement, appointed her husband Xavier as Carlist "regent". Madeleine actively supported her husband's political activities and social views.[3] Madeleine was the author of "Catherine de Médicis", published in France in 1940.[1]

The couple had issue:[1]


References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Enache, Nicolas. La Descendance de Marie-Therese de Habsburg. ICC, Paris, 1996. pp. 416-417, 422. (French). ISBN 2-908003-04-X
  2. ^ Anselme, Père. ‘’Histoire de la Maison Royale de France’’, tome 4. Editions du Palais-Royal, 1967, Paris. pp. 307, 375. (French).
  3. ^ a b c d e de Badts de Cugnac, Chantal. Coutant de Saisseval, Guy. ‘’Le Petit Gotha’’. Nouvelle Imprimerie Laballery, Paris 2002, (French) p. 586-589 ISBN 2-9507974-3-1
Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 23 March 1898 Died: 1 September 1984
Titles in pretence
Title last held by
Maria das Neves of Portugal
Queen of Spain
20 May 1952 – 7 May 1977
Succeeded by