|Madeley shown within Staffordshire|
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Madeley is a village and ward in the Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme, North Staffordshire, England. It is split into three parts: Madeley, Middle Madeley, and Little Madeley. Madeley Heath is also considered by many to be part of Madeley. In the 2001 census, the population was recorded as 4,386, decreasing to 4,222 at the 2011 Census.
Madeley is located 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Newcastle-under-Lyme town centre and is close to the Shropshire and Cheshire borders. To the north are the villages of Betley and Wrinehill. South is the hamlet of Baldwin's Gate. To the east is Keele, the site of Keele University as well as Silverdale, whilst to the west lies Onneley and Woore.
Madeley is derived from the Saxon, Madanlieg, meaning 'a clearing in the woods belonging to Mada' (Mada is a female Saxon name).
Madeley is recorded in the Domesday Book as being 2,160 acres (8.7 km2) of wood and 4 plough teams. The first Madeley Old Manor was built by Robert de Stafford, with the local church being founded in 1200. Heighley Castle was built in 1226 by Henry de Audley and ordered to be demolished by Parliamentary committee sitting at Stafford in 1644 to prevent its use by Royalists. Little remains today but some of the ruins are still visible during winter through the vegetation surrounding the area.
A significant feature and well-known landmark of the village is Madeley Mill standing on the dam for the pool. During its history the mill was used for grinding grain but prior to its closure, production was turned over to cheese making. It fell into disrepair before being developed and converted into apartments in the early 1990s saving it from proposed demolition by the local council.
North Staffordshire was a centre for coal mining and the nearby mine at Leycett was known as Madeley under the National Coal Board. Sinking began in the 1880s and the Colliery had five shafts with exotic names: Bang Up, Fair Lady, Clarkes, Harrisons and Woodburn. The Pit closed on 21 September 1957. There is nothing left of the site nowadays and it is used for agriculture.
Today Madeley has a busy shopping parade with a Car Parts and Accessories shop, A Balloon shop, A Pet Shop. Premier Shop, Hair Dressers, Chinese Take away, Butchers and One Stop Shop.
As part of the expansion in higher and further education, Madeley College opened in 1962 and specialised in Men's Physical Education and Home Economics. It closed in the mid-1980s after becoming part of the North Staffordshire Polytechnic.
The majority of the settlement sits between the M6 motorway and the West Coast Main Line but there is no access to the motorway or a railway station. The A525 road passes through Madeley as a primary route. It connects with the A531 which further connects with the A500 to the north.
In World War II when food was rationed, a lorry overturned on the A531 road which was carrying Stork margarine. People are said to have come from miles around came to recover the contents, resulting in its naming as Margarine Corner, which continues today.
Madeley was served by two railway stations, with the station on the West Coast Main Line closing in 1954. It was previously a stabling point for the Royal Train. There was also a Madeley Road station on the North Staffordshire Railway's branch line to Market Drayton which was opened on 1 February 1870 and closed in 1931. However, during the 1960s the Station at Madeley Road was reopened and used as a messroom by British Rail Traincrew and Shunters for running Round Coal Trains destined for Silverdale and Holditch Collieries. These Trains came off the West Coast Mainline and onto the former Branch via Madeley Chord. This arrangement continued until Silverdale Colliery closed in 1998.
- James Tuchet, 5th Baron Audley, 2nd Baron Tuchet (c. 1398–1459) born in Heleigh Castle was an English peer.
- Joseph Elkington (1740-1806) English agriculturalist, lauded by parliament for his reforms to land drainage. Elkington moved to Hey House in Staffordshire in 1797 to farm 500 acres of land at Madeley which became known as Bog Farm.
- William Bridges Adams (1797–1872) author, inventor and locomotive engineer. He is best known for his patented Adams axle
- Gordon Banks, (born 1937) 1966 World Cup England national team goalkeeper lives in the village.
- Ian Fraser Kilmister (1945–2015), better known as Lemmy, singer/songwriter from Motörheadsettled in Newcastle-under-Lyme then moved on to Madeley, Staffordshire with his mother and grandmother.
- Paul Samuel James Goodwin (born 1978) English minor counties cricketer, right-handed batsman and wicket-keeper.
- Nathan Smith (born 1996) English professional footballer, plays for Port Vale F.C.
- "Key Figures for 2001 Census: Key Statistics". 2001 Census. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2007-04-29.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- Chris Machin. "Madeley Village timeline – Middle Ages". Retrieved 2007-04-29.
- Chris Machin. "Madeley Village timeline – 1945–1970". Retrieved 2007-04-29.
- Chris Machin. "Madeley Village timeline – Madeley, The English Civil War (1642–1650) & after". Retrieved 2007-04-29.
- Shane Kent. "Madeley College History". Retrieved 2007-04-29.
- Chris Machin. "Madeley Village timeline – 1900–1939". Retrieved 2007-04-29.
- Upton, Chris (15 February 2013). "Farm engineer Joseph Elkington was an expert in his field". Birmingham Post. Archived from the original on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-16.
Media related to Madeley, Staffordshire at Wikimedia Commons
- Madeley on the Web
- Map References
- Little Madeley
- Madeley Heath
- Middle Madeley