Madewood Plantation House
Madewood Plantation House
Front of the house
|Nearest city||Napoleonville, Assumption Parish, Louisiana|
|Area||18 acres (7.3 ha) (landmarked area)
10,000 acres (4,000 ha) (maximum plantation size)
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||73000860|
|Added to NRHP||October 30, 1973|
|Designated NHL||May 4, 1983|
Madewood Plantation House, also known as Madewood, is a former sugarcane plantation house on the Bayou Lafourche south of Napoleonville, Louisiana, USA. It is located approximately two miles east of Napoleonville on Louisiana Highway 308. A National Historic Landmark, the 1846 house is architecturally significant as the first major work of Henry Howard, and as one of the finest Greek Revival plantation houses in the American South.
The Madewood Plantation House is located on the northern bank of Bayou Lafource, on manicured grounds separated from the bayou by Highway 308. It is a two story masonry structure, built with massive brick walls that have been finished with stucco scored to resemble stone blocks. Its five-bay facade is fronted by a six-column Greek Revival temple front, that has Ionic columns rising to a broad entablature and fully pedimented gable with a half-round louver at the center. The second-level gallery has a delicate carved balustrade. The main block is flanked on the right by a rectangular ell, and the left by an L-shaped one that extends beyond the rear of the main block. The interior exhibits high quality woodwork, mostly cypress, with some of it painted to resemble other materials, such as marble, oak, and other exotic woods.
The mansion was built for the Colonel Thomas Pugh in 1846 and was designed by architect Henry Howard in Greek Revival style. The house was originally the manor house for a 10,000-acre (4,000 ha) sugar plantation.
Thomas Pugh was the half brother of William Whitmell Hill Pugh who owned the Woodlawn plantation and Alexander Franklin Pugh who was part owner of the Augustin, Bellevue, Boatner, and New Hope plantations. Thomas Pugh died of yellow fever in 1852. During the Civil War, the lawns were used by Union troops as a hospital.
In popular culture
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Assumption Parish, Louisiana
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana
- Staff (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Madewood Plantation House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-01-30.
- Polly Ann Matherly (March 30, 1979). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Madewood Plantation House" (pdf). National Park Service. and PDF (1.90 MB)
- "Explore the History and Culture of Southeastern Louisiana". National Park Service (NPS), U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2014-07-19.
- Anne Butler (2 April 2009). The Pelican Guide to Plantation Homes of Louisiana. Pelican Publishing. pp. 56–. ISBN 978-1-58980-709-9.
- Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. "Madewood Plantation House Historical Marker".
- Bourgeois, Leslie. "PUGH (THOMAS AND FAMILY) PAPERS" (PDF). Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections Special Collections. Hill Memorial Library Louisiana State University Libraries Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University. Retrieved 2014-07-19.
- "A Guide to the Pugh Family Papers, 1807-1907". The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin,. Retrieved 2014-07-19.
- Louisiana B&B Listing