Madge Bellamy

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Madge Bellamy
Madgebellamy.jpg
Born Margaret Derden Philpott
(1899-06-30)June 30, 1899
Hillsboro, Texas, U.S.
Died January 24, 1990(1990-01-24) (aged 90)
Upland, California, U.S.
Cause of death
Heart failure
Resting place
Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale
Occupation Actress
Years active 1918–1945
Spouse(s) Logan F. Metcalf (m. 1928; div. 1928)

Madge Bellamy (June 30, 1899 – January 24, 1990) was an American stage and film actress who was a popular leading lady in the 1920s and early 1930s. Her career declined in the sound era, and ended following a romantic scandal in the 1940s.

Early life[edit]

Bellamy was born Margaret Derden Philpott in Hillsboro, Texas in 1899 (some sources state 1900) to William Bledsoe and Annie Margaret (née Derden) Philpott. Bellamy was raised in San Antonio, Texas until she was 6 years old, and the family later moved to Brownwood, Texas, where her father worked as an English professor at Texas A&M University.[1] The Philpotts later moved to Denver, Colorado.[2]

As a child, she took dancing lessons and soon began to aspire to become a stage performer. She made her stage debut dancing in a local production of Aida, at the age of 9.[3]

Career[edit]

Early years[edit]

Shortly before she was to graduate from high school, Bellamy left home for New York City. She soon began working as a dancer on Broadway. After appearing in the chorus of The Love Mill (1917), she decided to try acting. In 1918, she appeared in a touring production of in Pollyanna for which she received good reviews. Her big break came 1919 when she replaced Helen Hayes in the Broadway production of Dear Brutus opposite William Gillette, in 1918.[3] Bellamy also appeared in the touring production of Dear Brutus. While appearing in Dear Brutus, Bellamy was cast in a supporting role in her first film The Riddle: Woman (1920), starring Geraldine Farrar.[4]

After the tour of Dear Brutus ended, she joined a stock company in Washington D. C. where she appeared in Peg o' My Heart. While a member of the company, Bellamy shot a screen test for director Thomas H. Ince.[5] In November 1920, she signed a three-year contract with Ince's newly formed Triangle Film Corporation. Her first film for Triangle was 1921's The Cup of Life, starring Hobart Bosworth.[4]

Films[edit]

Bellamy's breakout role was as the title character in the 1922 film adaptation of the 1869 novel Lorna Doone. She thereafter became known as "the exquisite Madge" (Artist Penrhyn Stanlaws later called her "The Most Beautiful Girl in America"),[6] and was cast in several melodramas by Ince.[7] In 1924, Bellamy's contract with Ince ended and she signed with Fox Film Corporation where she would stay for the next five years.[8] While at Fox, she appeared in two films for John Ford, The Iron Horse (1924) and Lightin'. By 1925, Bellamy began encountering difficulties due to several "artistic differences" she had with studio executives. That year, she refused to accept a role in the highly successful silent epic Ben-Hur. She later attributed her career decline due to her own choice of wanting to appear in light comedy and flapper roles that showcased her looks instead of more demanding roles.[5][6]

In 1927, Fox executive Winfield Sheehan, with whom Bellamy was having an affair, attempted to cast her in the lead role of "Diane" in the romantic drama 7th Heaven.[9] Bellamy later told author Anthony Slide that she was in fact cast as "Diane", but was replaced by Janet Gaynor (who won the first Academy Award for Best Actress for her work in the film) when she was in France shooting exterior shots.[10] Bellamy instead appeared in romantic comedy Very Confidential, in which she appeared as a model who impersonates a famous female sports figure.[11] In 1928, Bellamy was cast in Fox's second, full-length feature film with sound entitled Mother Knows Best (Fox's first partially sound film, The Jazz Singer, was released in 1927).[12] The film was an adaptation of Edna Ferber's novel of the same name and features Bellamy as Sally Quail, a stage performer whose life is dominated by her overbearing stage mother "Ma Quail" (Louise Dresser). In the musical sequences, Bellamy impersonated several popular performers of the day including Anna Held, Sir Harry Lauder, and Al Jolson singing "My Mammy" in blackface.[12] Reviews for the film were generally positive with critics noting that Bellamy's voice was weak.[13][14]

Bellamy's final silent film, Fugitives, was released in 1929. Her first full length, all talking feature Tonight at Twelve, was released later that year.[14] By the time of its release, Bellamy's career had taken a severe downturn due to several ill advised choices she made in fits of anger (fan magazines of the day called Bellamy "Miss Firecracker" due to her temperament).[5] Despite her poor behavior off-set, she was still a fairly popular performer and was named an "American Beauty" by the Hollywood Association of Foreign Correspondents.[5][15] In 1929, she walked out on her contract at Fox after refusing to star in the planned film adaptation of The Trial of Mary Dugan, a 1927 hit Broadway play by Bayard Veiller that the studio bought especially for Bellamy (the film was made later that year at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer starring Norma Shearer).[16] Bellamy later said of her career, "I got too big for my britches. I wanted too much money and when it was not forthcoming, I quit."[17] Bellamy attempted to find work as a freelance actress but did not work again until 1932 when she began appearing in Poverty Row films. One of her better known roles from this period was in the 1932 film White Zombie, opposite Bela Lugosi and directed by brothers Edward and Victor Hugo Halperin.[7] The film was a moderate success but received mixed reviews while Bellamy's performance was generally panned by critics (In a 1970 letter to Classic Film Collector, Bellamy claimed her performance appeared bad because she had lost her voice due to a cold and was dubbed by another actress. This has since been proven false).[18][19] She was slated to appear in the Halperin brothers' next film, Supernatural, but Carole Lombard was cast instead.[7]

Career decline and scandal[edit]

By the early 1940s, Bellamy's career had virtually ended. She garnered considerable media attention when, on January 20, 1943, she was arrested in San Francisco and charged with assault with a deadly weapon after firing a .32 caliber revolver at her former lover, wealthy lumber executive Albert Stanwood Murphy, three times. Bellamy had been having an affair with Murphy for five years before he ended the relationship in October 1942. After learning that Murphy had married former model June Almy shortly after their break up, Bellamy traveled to San Francisco to confront him and "... make him suffer somehow."[20] She later admitted that she waited around Murphy's apartment in the Nob Hill area for four days. She eventually spotted Murphy leaving the Pacific-Union Club on January 20. While Murphy was getting into his car, Bellamy fired three shots at him. She later said, "I wasn't within speaking distance [of Murphy], but he saw me and shouted something I didn't understand. Maybe it was 'don't.' Then I guess I shot at him. He ducked and ran." She fired three times, hitting Murphy's car twice while the third shot missed. Witnesses wrestled the gun out of her hand.[21]

Shortly after the shooting, Bellamy claimed that she didn't intend to harm Murphy and that she "... just wanted to see him. He wouldn't see me so I took the little gun with me. [...] I had had the little gun so long I thought it was just a toy."[21] She was also quoted as saying, "I only winged him, which is what I meant to do. Believe me, I'm a crack shot".[22] On February 11, 1943, Bellamy pleaded guilty to the lesser charge of violating a gun law and was given a suspended six-month sentence. She was also sentenced to one year of probation.[23]

In July 1943, Bellamy sued Murphy for divorce in Las Vegas claiming that she and Murphy were married by "mutual consent" in April 1941 and had lived as husband and wife up until Murphy ended the relationship. She charged Murphy with "extreme mental cruelty" and asked for both temporary and permanent alimony.[24] In December 1943, Albert Stanwood Murphy asked that the court dismiss the suit stating that he and Bellamy "are not now and have never been husband and wife".[25] On January 4, 1944, a Nevada court denied Bellamy's divorce suit on the ground that she and Murphy had never been married.[26] One day after Bellamy's divorce case was dismissed, she was awarded a reported six figure out of court settlement from Murphy.[27]

Personal life[edit]

Bellamy's only marriage was to bond broker Logan F. Metcalf.[28] They married in Tijuana on January 24, 1928.[29] They separated four days later. Metcalf filed for divorce claiming that while the two were on honeymoon, Bellamy had refused to speak to him because of his fondness for eating ham and eggs which she considered "plebeian".[29][30] Metcalf was granted a divorce on April 25, 1928.[31]

Later career[edit]

The shooting and divorce filing generated publicity for Bellamy, but effectively ended her already fading career. She made her last screen appearance in Northwestern film Northwest Trail in 1945. She returned to the stage in 1946 in the Los Angeles production of Holiday Lady, after which she retired.[32]

By the time Bellamy retired from acting, she had squandered much of her fortune and lost the remaining money during the Depression.[8][5] In her posthumously published autobiography, A Darling of the Twenties, Bellamy claimed that she lived in "abject poverty" after her retirement.[17][5] She did, however, have some holdings in real estate and owned a retail shop in which she worked to support herself. In her spare time, she wrote screeplays and novels which were never purchased. In the early 1980s, she sold the retail shop for double the amount she paid for it and lived in relative financial comfort for the rest of her life.[5] Bellamy remained out of public view until the 1980s when film historians and silent film fans who had rediscovered her work began requesting interviews. She also began attending screenings of the low budget horror film White Zombie, which was a moderate success upon its initial release and has since become a cult classic.[19]

Death[edit]

In her final years, Bellamy lived alone in Ontario, California. She suffered from chronic heart problems towards the end of her life. On January 10, 1990, she checked into the San Antonio Community Hospital in Upland, California for treatment.[1] She died there of heart failure on January 24 at the age 90.[17][33] She is buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California.[34]

Her autobiography, A Darling of the Twenties, was published one month after her death.[17]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1920 The Riddle: Woman Marie Meyer
1921 The Cup of Life Pain
1921 Passing Through Mary Spivins
1921 Blind Hearts Julia Larson
1921 Love Never Dies Tilly Whaley
1921 The Call of the North Virginia Albret
1921 Hail the Woman Nan Higgins
1922 Lorna Doone Lorna Doone
1922 The Hottentot Peggy Fairfax
1923 Garrison's Finish Sue Desha
1923 Are You a Failure? Phyllis Thorpe
1923 Soul of the Beast Ruth Lorrimore
1924 No More Women Peggy Van Dyke
1924 Do It Now
1924 The White Sin Hattie Lou Harkness
1924 Love's Whirlpool Nadine Milton
1924 His Forgotten Wife Suzanne
1924 Love and Glory Gabrielle
1924 The Fire Patrol Molly Thatcher
1924 The Iron Horse Miriam Marsh
1924 Secrets of the Night Anne Maynard
1924 On the Stroke of Three Mary Jordan
1925 A Fool and His Money Countess von Pless
1925 The Dancers Una
1925 The Parasite Joan Laird
1925 The Restless Sex Mary Hamilton
1925 Wings of Youth Madelyne Manners/Angela Du Bois
1925 The Man in Blue Teresa "Tita" Sartori
1925 Lightnin' Millie
1925 Havoc Tessie Dunton
1925 Thunder Mountain Azalea
1925 Lazybones Kit
1925 The Golden Strain Dixie Denniston
1926 The Dixie Merchant Aida Fippany
1926 Sandy Sandy McNeil
1926 Black Paradise Sylvia Douglas
1926 Summer Bachelors Derry Thomas
1926 Bertha, the Sewing Machine Girl Bertha Sloan
1927 Ankles Preferred Nora
1927 The Telephone Girl Kitty O'Brien Lost film
1927 Colleen Sheila Kelly
1927 Very Confidential Madge Murphy
1927 Silk Legs Ruth Stevens
1928 Soft Living Nancy Woods
1928 The Play Girl Madge Norton
1928 Mother Knows Best Sally Quail
1929 Fugitives Alice Carroll
1929 Tonight at Twelve Jane Eldridge
1932 White Zombie Madeline Short Parker
1933 Riot Squad Lil Daley Alternative title: Police Patrol
1933 Gordon of Ghost City Mary Gray
1933 Gigolettes of Paris Suzanne Ricord
1934 Charlie Chan in London Mrs. Fothergill
1935 The Great Hotel Murder Tessie
1935 The Daring Young Man Sally
1935 Metropolitan Woman in Negligee Uncredited
1936 Champagne Charlie Woman in Cab Uncredited
1936 Under Your Spell Miss Stafford
1936 Crack-Up Secretary Uncredited
1945 Northwest Trail Mrs. Yeager

References[edit]

  • Ankerich, Michael G. (1993). Broken Silence: Conversations With 23 Silent Film Stars. McFarland & Co. ISBN 0-899-50835-9. 
  • Barrios, Richard (1995). A Song in the Dark: The Birth of the Musical Film. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-195-08811-5. 
  • Crafton, Donald (1999). The Talkies: American Cinema's Transition to Sound, 1926-1931 4. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-22128-1. 
  • Dindle, Peter (2001). The Zombie Movie Encyclopedia. McFarland and Company. ISBN 0-7864-0859-6. 
  • Eagan, Daniel (2010). America's Film Legacy: The Authoritative Guide to the Landmark Movies in the National Film Registry. National Film Preservation Board. A&C Black. ISBN 0-826-42977-7. 
  • Ellenberger, Allan R. (2001). Celebrities in Los Angeles Cemeteries: A Directory. McFarland & Company Incorporated Pub. ISBN 0-786-40983-5. 
  • Lamparski, Richard (1989). Whatever Became Of-- ? All New Eleventh Series: 100 Profiles of the Most-asked-about Movie, TV, and Media Personalities, Hundreds of Never-before-published Facts, Dates, Etc. on Celebrities, 227 Then-and-now Photographs. Crown Publishers. ISBN 0-517-57150-1. 
  • Liebman, Roy (1998). From Silents to Sound: A Biographical Encyclopedia of Performers who Made the Transition to Talking Pictures. McFarland. ISBN 0-786-40382-9. 
  • Lowe, Denise (2014). An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Women in Early American Films: 1895-1930. Routledge. ISBN 1-317-71896-8. 
  • Rhodes, Gary D. (2001). White Zombie: Anatomy of a Horror Film. McFarland. ISBN 1-476-60491-6. 
  • Slide, Anthony (2010). Silent Players: A Biographical and Autobiographical Study of 100 Silent Film Actors and Actresses. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-813-12708-4. 
  • Soister, John T. (2012). American Silent Horror, Science Fiction and Fantasy Feature Films, 1913-1929. McFarland. ISBN 0-786-48790-9. 
  • Solomon, Aubrey (2001). The Fox Film Corporation, 1915-1935: A History and Filmography. McFarland. ISBN 0-786-48610-4. 
  • Willis, John (1991). John Willis' Screen World, Volume 42. Crown. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Silent screen star Madge Bellamy at 89". Bangor Daily News (Bangor, Maine). January 29, 1990. p. 5. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  2. ^ (Ankerich 1993, p. 47)
  3. ^ a b (Lowe 2014, p. 1875)
  4. ^ a b Jordan, Joan (June 1920). "Madge Make-Believe". Photoplay (Chicago, Illinois: Photoplay Publishing Company). XVIII (1). ISSN 0732-538X. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g (Lowe 2014, p. 1876)
  6. ^ a b (Lamparski 1989, p. 22)
  7. ^ a b c (Slide 2010, p. 20)
  8. ^ a b (Ankerich 1993, p. 46)
  9. ^ (Eagan 2010, p. 129)
  10. ^ (Slide 2010, pp. 19-20)
  11. ^ (Soloman 2011, p. 306)
  12. ^ a b (Barrios 1995, p. 53)
  13. ^ (Crafton 1999, p. 281)
  14. ^ a b (Liebman 1998, p. 29)
  15. ^ "Madge Bellamy, `20s Star Of Silent Screen". sun-sentinel.com. January 27, 1990. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 
  16. ^ (Ankerich 1993, p. 55)
  17. ^ a b c d "Madge Bellamy, 90, 1920's Film Actress". nytimes.com. New York City. January 27, 1990. 
  18. ^ (Slide 2010, p. 108, 115)
  19. ^ a b (Soister 2012, p. 355)
  20. ^ "Actress Madge Bellamy Takes Shot at Clubman". St. Petersburg Times (St. Petersburg, Florida). January 21, 1943. p. 6. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  21. ^ a b "Clubman Dodges Three Shots From Gun of Madge Bellamy". The Milwaukee Journal (Milwaukee, Wisconsin). January 20, 1943. p. 3. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  22. ^ (Dindle 2001, p. 191)
  23. ^ "Madge Bellamy Wins Suspension". Toledo Blade (Toledo, Ohio). February 11, 1943. p. 8. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  24. ^ "Madge Bellamy Asks Divorce". St. Petersburg Times (St. Petersburg, Florida). July 13, 1943. p. 15. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Californian Denies He Wed Madge Bellamy". Lewiston Evening Journal (Lewiston, Maine). December 17, 1943. p. 14. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  26. ^ "Madge Bellamy, 'Never Married', Denied Decree". The Milwaukee Journal (Milwaukee, Wisconsin). January 5, 1944. p. 11. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Madge Loses But Gets Settlement". St. Petersburg Times (St. Petersburg, Florida). January 5, 1944. p. 1. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  28. ^ "Madge Bellamy". Sarasota Herald-Tribune (Sarasota, Florida). January 27, 1990. p. 4B. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  29. ^ a b "Madge Bellamy's Husband Gets Divorce". The Lewiston Daily Sun (Lewiston, Maine). April 26, 1928. p. 1. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Refused 2,000,000 to Return To Her Husband-and Yet She Loves Him". The Milwaukee Sentinel (Milwaukee, Wisconsin). March 1, 1930. p. 3. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  31. ^ "Actress Divorced". San Jose News (San Jose, California). April 25, 1928. p. 8. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  32. ^ (Dindle 2001, p. 201)
  33. ^ (Willis 1991, p. 236)
  34. ^ (Ellenberger 2001, p. 228)

External links[edit]