Madho Singh I
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|Madho Singh I|
|Maharaja Sawai of Jaipur|
Portrait of Savai Madho Singh of Jaipur
|Reign||c. 1750 – c. 1768|
|Successor||Prithvi Singh II|
|Died||5 March 1768 (aged 39)|
|Issue||Kunwar Prithvi Singh|
Kunwar Pratap Singh
|Father||Jai Singh II|
Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I (December 1728 - March 5 1768) was ruler of the state of Jaipur in the present-day Indian state of Rajasthan from 1750 to 1768. He was the younger son of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II and came on the throne after the sudden suicide of his elder brother.
Madho Singh I was at Udaipur when his stepbrother Ishwari Singh committed suicide. In January 1751, when about 4000 Marathas marched into Jaipur and started plundering the city causing a riot to break up, it was Madho Singh who patched the things up. He freed the Kachhawaha Kingdom from the Marathas, won several important battles and defeated the menacing Jat king Jawahir Singh, rewarding Holkar for his help in gaining the Jaipur throne by giving him the parganas of Rampura and Bhanpura in 1753.
Muhammad Shah's younger son Ahmad Shah was the Emperor of Delhi at that time. He was under great pressure because of the rebels outside and his own wazir inside. The wazir had become the de facto emperor. Ahmad Shah sought the help of Madho Singh who arrived at Delhi in October 1753 to meet the Emperor. Subsequently, he held long negotiations with wazir Safdarjung returned to his own province of Awadh. As recognition for his services Ahmad Shah granted Madho Singh the fort and district of Ranthambhore. In January 1763, he founded the town of Sawai Madhopur near Ranthambhore.
He died in 1768 after a rule of 17 years and was succeeded by his son Prithvi Singh.
His contribution to the field of art, architecture, town-planning, literature and religion was remarkable. He founded the well planned city of Sawai Madhopur, built several palaces including Madho Niwas in the Chandra Mahal complex of the City Palace, Madho Vilas the leisure palace in the centre of Jai Mahal, the Sisodia Rani ka Bagah (Queens gardens) as well as several beautiful temples.The painting atelier (surathkhana) was rejuvenated and a variety of court scenes and several portraits were painted there. He patronized Sportsmen of his State and even sent them to other places within the country to take part in competitions. Likewise, he sent artists from his State to other places to exhibit their skills and produce. He was fond of watching elephant fights, bullfights and other similar sports.He had Shaikh Sadi’s Gulistan translated into Sanskrit. A few Sanskrit works were also attributed to him. Many dramas and poetic works were written under his patronage such as Veli Rukmani, Madhav Natakam, Madahava Vijaikavyama, Rajaritinirupana, Sataka etc. Greatest contribution, at the end of his reign was political stability in the state of Jaipur.
- D.K. Taknet, Razia Grover, Nandita Bhardwaj, 2016, Jaipur: Gem of India.
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