Madhubani, India

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Madhubani
Town
Madhubani is located in Bihar
Madhubani
Madhubani
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°22′N 86°05′E / 26.37°N 86.08°E / 26.37; 86.08Coordinates: 26°22′N 86°05′E / 26.37°N 86.08°E / 26.37; 86.08
Country  India
State Bihar
Region Mithila
District Madhubani
Elevation 56 m (184 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 75,736
Languages
 • Official Maithili, Hindi, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 06276
ISO 3166 code IN-BR
Vehicle registration BR-32
Sex ratio 1000/942 /
Lok Sabha constituency Madhubani
Vidhan Sabha constituency Madhubani, Bisfi
Website madhubani.bih.nic.in

Madhubani is a town with municipality in Madhubani district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the district headquarters. It lies 26 km northeast of Darbhanga town and was part of the erstwhile 'Bettiah Raj'. Internal disputes and family quarrels divided the Bettiah Raj in course of time. The Madhuban Raj in Madhubani was created as a consequence.[1] The word "Madhuban" means "forest of honey" from which Madhubani is derived, but sometimes it is also known as "madhu"+"vaani", meaning "sweet" "voice/language".[2] Madhubani is the cultural heart of Mithilanchal, being the birthplace of many literary people and home to Madhubani Paintings. It is said to be that Madhubani is the world's second city who adopted democracy.

Boundary[edit]

North :Hill region of Nepal South :Darbhanga East  :Supaul West  :Sitamarhi

Area[edit]

  • Madhubani occupies a total of 3501 km2.
  • Main Rivers are Kamla, Kareh, Balan, Bhutahi Balan, Gehuan, Supen, Trishula, Jeevachh, Koshi and Adhwara Group.
  • High Flood Level is 54.017 m.
  • Whole District is under Earthquake Zone 5.
  • Total Cropped Area - 218381 Hect.
  • Barren /Uncultivable Land - 1456.5 Hect
  • Land under Non-agricultural use - 51273.24 Hect
  • Cultivable Barren Land - 333.32 Hect
  • Permanent Pasture - 1372.71 Hect
  • Miscellaneous Trees - 8835.90 Hect
  • Cultivable Land - 232724 Hect
  • Cropping Intensity - 134.23%

[3]

Geography[edit]

Madhubani Town is located at 26°22′N 86°05′E / 26.37°N 86.08°E / 26.37; 86.08.[4] It has an average elevation of 56 metres (183 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Madhubani Town had a population of 166,285. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Madhubani Town has an average literacy rate of 60%, just above the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 53%. In Madhubani Town, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

In earlier times[when?] there was a landlord named Babu who was the owner of all of the estate of Babubarahi. Consequently, it is now known as Babu Barahi.

There was an ancient king known as GANGERA, whose palace found under the agriculture field at the time of excavation of canal joining Jaynagar and Saharghat. where that his palace found known as Gangaur and name of this place also derived from king name. The palace of king Janak of Janakpur and father of lordess Sita is 12 km from gangaur. most no of ponds in madhubani.

Language and Culture[edit]

Maithili has highly developed literature. Madhubani has produced several authors in different fields. Vidyapati wrote collection of poems known as "Padabali". Dr. Jaikant Mishra wrote History of Maithili literature. Mukund Jha Bakshi wrote Mithila Bhasamay Itihas, a first historical book in Maithili. Madhubani has been a center of learning Maithili Culture in India from ancient time and it retains that position even now. Madhubani is famous because of its culture & Art. Famous artists of this district are Sita devi, Ganga devi, Yamuna devi, Tira devi, Poonam devi, Prabhakar jha, Jagdamba devi etc.

Media[edit]

Madhubani has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Madhubani. It broadcasts on FM frequencies.

Temples[edit]

  • Bhadrakali Koilakh Devi Mandir, Koilakh
  • Ugna Mahadev
  • Baba Mukteshwar Nath Deohar
  • Ekadash Rudra Mahadev
  • Ram Janki Dulha
  • Bhairab baba Sthan,East Raiyam, PS:Bhairabsthan
  • Kali Mandir, Harinagar
  • Maa Kali Mandir Ahmada
  • maa uchchaith mandir[benipatti, madhubani]
  • gandiveshwar nath mahadev "shiv nagar chanpura"

Girja klayaneswar mahadev mandhir ,kalna ,basopatti'(anuj jha)

chandeswar mahadev mandir jhitkohiya kataiya   (anuj jha)

Mahadev Math, Dhakjari,bennipatti (Ajit Kumar Jha)

Education[edit]

Indian public school

Regional secondary school

Delhi public school

Rose public school

St. Xavier's public school

international delhi public school

polestar day/ Boarding public school Softech Computer Academy

College[edit]

  • R.K.College, Madhubani
  • J.N.College, Madhubani
  • JMDPL Mahila College, Madhubani
  • DNY college madhunani
  • C.M.J. college Donwarihat, Khutauna
  • R.S.S.L INTER COLLEGE, Adheen nagar aunsi, bisfi, madhubani

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ram, Bindeshwar (1998). Land and society in India: agrarian relations in colonial North Bihar. Orient Blackswan. ISBN 978-81-250-0643-5. 
  2. ^ "Madhubani | India | Britannica.com". britannica.com. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  3. ^ "MADHUBANI Pincode". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  4. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Madhubani, India". fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]