Madikeri

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Madikeri

Mercara
town
Gaddige Tomb
Gaddige Tomb
Madikeri is located in Karnataka
Madikeri
Madikeri
Location in Karnataka, India
Madikeri is located in India
Madikeri
Madikeri
Madikeri (India)
Coordinates: 12°25′15″N 75°44′23″E / 12.4209°N 75.7397°E / 12.4209; 75.7397Coordinates: 12°25′15″N 75°44′23″E / 12.4209°N 75.7397°E / 12.4209; 75.7397
Country India
StateKarnataka
DistrictKodagu
RegionCoorg, Malnad
Elevation
1,750 m (5,740 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total33,381
Languages
 • AdministrativeKannada
 • RegionalKodava, Arebhashe
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
571 201
Telephone code08272
Vehicle registrationKA-12
Websitewww.madikericity.gov.in

Madikeri (Kannada: ಮಡಿಕೇರಿ, also known by its former name Mercara) is a hill station town in Madikeri taluk in Karnataka state, India. It is the headquarters of the district of Kodagu.

Etymology[edit]

Madikeri was known as Muddu Raja Keri,[1] which meant Mudduraja's town, was named after the prominent Haleri king Mudduraja who ruled Kodagu from 1633 to 1687. From 1834, during the British Raj, it was called Mercara. It was later renamed to Madikeri by the Government of Mysore.

History[edit]

Map c. 1854

The history of Madikeri is related to the history of Kodagu. From the 2nd to the 6th century AD, the northern part of Kodagu was ruled by Kadambas. The southern part of Kodagu was ruled by Gangas from the 4th to the 11th century. After defeating the Gangas in the 11th century, Cholas became the rulers of Kodagu. In the 12th century, the Cholas lost Kodagu to the Hoysalas. Kodagu fell to the Vijayanagar kings in the 14th century. After their fall, the local chieftains like Karnambahu (Palegars) started ruling their areas directly. They were defeated by Haleri Dynasty founder Veeraraju, (Nephew of Ikkeri Sadashiva Nayaka who were descendants of Talakadu Ganga Dynasty),. In the year 1700AD Ikkeri Somashekara Nayaka gifted Puttur and Amara Sullia Magnes of Tulunadu to Haleri Kings. Descendants of Veeraraju who are known as "Haleri Dynasty" ruled Kodagu from 1600-1834 AD. Haleri king Mudduraja built the Fort in Madikeri and made it[2] as their capital. Mudduraja, the third Haleri king started leveling the land around Madikeri and built a fort in the year 1681. Madikeri Fort which was original built of mud and was replaced by Tipu Sultan. Kodagu became the part of British India after 1834 AD.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[4] Madikeri had a population of 47,257. Males constitute 57.2% of the population and females 42.8%. Madikeri had an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 57.2: male literacy was 83%, and female literacy 79%. 11% of the population was under 6 years of age. This town is situated at an elevation of over 3770 ft above sea level.

Geography and climate[edit]

Madikeri features a tropical highland climate as it has an elevation of 1150 metres  (3838 feet). Madikeri is located at 12°25′N 75°44′E / 12.42°N 75.73°E / 12.42; 75.73.[5][6] Madikeri lies in the Western Ghats and is a popular hill station. The nearest cities are Mangaluru to the west, and Mysuru to the east.

The mean daily minimum temperature is lowest in January at about 11 °C. Maximum temperature in summer is around 24 °C to 27 °C.[7] With the onset of the south-west monsoon, the temperature decreases in June and the weather becomes chilly. The lowest temperature recorded is 4.5 °C.

Climate data for Madikeri
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.9
(85.8)
32.0
(89.6)
33.1
(91.6)
34.1
(93.4)
35.2
(95.4)
32.0
(89.6)
30.8
(87.4)
31.1
(88.0)
31.5
(88.7)
31.2
(88.2)
30.4
(86.7)
29.8
(85.6)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
27.2
(81.0)
28.1
(82.6)
28.4
(83.1)
28.5
(83.3)
24.8
(76.6)
23.5
(74.3)
21.8
(71.2)
23.3
(73.9)
25.0
(77.0)
25.0
(77.0)
25.2
(77.4)
25.4
(77.8)
Average low °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
15.2
(59.4)
16.6
(61.9)
17.0
(62.6)
17.5
(63.5)
16.8
(62.2)
16.5
(61.7)
16.6
(61.9)
16.7
(62.1)
15.7
(60.3)
14.7
(58.5)
12.2
(54.0)
15.7
(60.3)
Record low °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
4.8
(40.6)
7.1
(44.8)
12.2
(54.0)
13.0
(55.4)
13.0
(55.4)
12.6
(54.7)
12.3
(54.1)
10.4
(50.7)
8.8
(47.8)
5.6
(42.1)
5.0
(41.0)
4.5
(40.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1.6
(0.06)
1.1
(0.04)
3.0
(0.12)
33.0
(1.30)
407.2
(16.03)
1,010.1
(39.77)
894.1
(35.20)
741.5
(29.19)
214.0
(8.43)
177.6
(6.99)
69.2
(2.72)
3.5
(0.14)
3,555.9
(139.99)
[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coorg History Archived 2009-04-26 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Puttur Anantharaja Gowda (2015). "IN PURSUIT OF OUR ROOTS".
  3. ^ Jerry Dupont, The Common Law Abroad, Wm. S. Hein Publishing, 2001, ISBN 0-8377-3125-9, from p 592
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  5. ^ Madikeri, FallingRain.com
  6. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Madikeri, India". www.fallingrain.com.
  7. ^ Ground Water Information Booklet, Ministry of Water Resources, 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2011.

External links[edit]