Madinat ash Shamal
Madinat ash Shamal
|• Total||4.91 km2 (1.90 sq mi)|
Madinat ash Shamal (Arabic: الشمال) is the capital city of the municipality of Al Shamal in Qatar. It was delimited in 1988 and shares its boundaries with Ar Ru'ays to the east and Abu Dhalouf to the west.
The city's name "Madinat ash Shamal" translates to "city of the north".
Throughout most of the 20th century, Abu Dhalouf and Ar Ru'ays were the largest villages on the northern coast. In the early 1970s, the Qatari government enacted a plan to establish Madinat ash Shamal between these two villages to serve as an administrative center for the north, in line with its policy of decentralization. Throughout the 1970s, a road system and a port were built to connect the three villages. As part of a government housing project, 50 houses had been built in Madinat ash Shamal by 1976. Large-scale development of Madinat ash Shamal continued through the 1980s and 1990s.
Situated next to the Al Shamal Municipality headquarters is Madinat ash Shamal Park. One of Qatar's larger parks, it occupies an area of 56,000 square meters. Facilities in the park include a restaurant, cafe, bathrooms and a childrens' play area. Water features are present in the park, as well as an irrigation system to sustain its various plants.
The city's first public library was opened in 1979.
When free elections of the Central Municipal Council first took place in Qatar during 1999, Madinat ash Shamal was designated the seat of constituency no. 28. It would remain the headquarters of constituency no. 28 for the next three consecutive elections until the fifth municipal elections in 2015, when it was moved to constituency no. 29 and the seat was shared by Madinat ash Shamal and Ar Ru'ays. Also included in its constituency is Abu Dhalouf, Al Jumail, Zubarah, Ain Mohammed and Al `Arish.
In the inaugural municipal elections in 1999, Saad Ali Al Nuaimi won the elections, receiving 33.3%, or 64 votes. The runner-up candidate was Hussain Ibrahim Al Fadhalah, whose share of the votes was 18.2%, or 35 votes. Voter turnout was 87.7% Al Nuaimi retained his seat in the 2002, 2007 and 2011 elections. In the 2015 elections, Nasser Hassan Al-Kubaisi was elected constituency representative.
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