Madinat ash Shamal

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Madinat ash Shamal
الشمال
City
Madinat ash Shamal is located in Qatar
Madinat ash Shamal
Madinat ash Shamal
Madinat ash Shamal
Coordinates: 26°07′00″N 51°13′00″E / 26.11667°N 51.21667°E / 26.11667; 51.21667Coordinates: 26°07′00″N 51°13′00″E / 26.11667°N 51.21667°E / 26.11667; 51.21667
Country  Qatar
Municipality Al Shamal
Area
 • Total 4.91 km2 (1.90 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 8,794
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)

Madinat ash Shamal (Arabic: الشمال‎) is the capital city of the municipality of Al Shamal in Qatar.[1] It was delimited in 1988 and shares its boundaries with Ar Ru'ays to the east and Abu Dhalouf to the west.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The city's name "Madinat ash Shamal" translates to "city of the north".[3]

History[edit]

Previously, Abu Dhalouf and Ar Ru'ays were the largest villages on the northern coastline until the 1970s, when the Qatari government enacted a plan to establish Madinat ash Shamal between these two villages. Throughout the 1970s, a road system and a port were built to connect the three villages. Large-scale development of Madinat ash Shamal continued through the 1980s and 1990s.[4]

Geography[edit]

Madinat ash Shamal is located at a distance of over 100 km of the capital Doha, 27 km away from Zubarah, 24 km away from Fuwayrit, 76 km away from Al Khor, and 122 km away from Al Wakrah.[5]

Education[edit]

The city's first public library was opened in 1979.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 population census" (PDF). Qatar Statistics Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  2. ^ "Law No. 25 of 1988 On the Delimitation of the City of Al Shamal". almeezan.qa. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "About Qatar". Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 9 August 2017. 
  4. ^ "Al Shamal Municipality: Vision and Development Strategy" (PDF). Ministry of Municipality and Environment. December 2017. p. 4. Retrieved 22 May 2018. 
  5. ^ Whelan, John (1983). Qatar, a MEED practical guide. London: Middle East Economic Digest. p. 160. ISBN 0950521191. 
  6. ^ Abdullahi, Ismaïl (2009). Global Library and Information Science - a Textbook for Students and Educators. IFLA Publications; 136/137. München: K.G. Saur. p. 424. ISBN 978-3-598-22042-5.