Madingo Kayes

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For the town, see Madingo-Kayes.

Madingo Kayes is an archaeological site in modern-day Republic of Congo, lying close to the town of Madingo-Kayes. It is the site of one of the earliest documented complex societies in West Central Africa. Excavations conducted by James Denbow in the 1990s established a two order settlement pattern dated to the early centuries CE by Carbon-14 method. At least three sites of differing sizes were found, although their connections and the existence of any sort of settlement or economic hierarchy have not yet been established.


  • Denbow, James. "Congo to Kalahari: data and hypotheses about the political economy of the western stream of the Early Iron Age." African Archaeological Review 1990, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 139-175