Madison County, Ohio

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Madison County, Ohio
London-ohio-courthouse.jpg
Madison County Courthouse
Flag of Madison County, Ohio
Flag
Seal of Madison County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Madison County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded February 16, 1810[1][2]
Named for James Madison[3]
Seat London
Largest city London
Area
 • Total 467 sq mi (1,210 km2)
 • Land 466 sq mi (1,207 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 43,435
 • Density 93/sq mi (36/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.madison.oh.us

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,435.[4] Its county seat is London.[5] The county is named for James Madison, President of the United States and was established on March 1, 1810.[6]

Madison County is part of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 2008, Madison County, which spans Interstates 70 and 71 as they converge on Columbus, was cited by the Ohio State Highway Patrol as leading the state for the most speeding tickets 20-mph or more over the posted limit.[7] Despite a population of around 42,000 in 2006,[8] over 7,700 such tickets were issued in three years. Three of Madison County's 18 fatal crashes in 2006 and 2007 occurred on interstates.[9] Madison County is also home to the Ohio Peace Officer Training Academy, the Ohio Bureau of Criminal Identification & Investigation, and several prison facilities.[10]

History[edit]

In 1850, the county contained 24 churches and one newspaper office, had a total population of 10,015, and the county's public school system had 3838 pupils.[11] With agriculture as the primary business, that same year the county produced 726,451 bushels of corn, 19,308 tons of hay, 120,696 pounds of wool, and 128,948 pounds of butter.[11] In 1900, the county had a population of 20,590.[12]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 467 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 466 square miles (1,210 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[13]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,603
1820 4,799 199.4%
1830 6,190 29.0%
1840 9,025 45.8%
1850 10,015 11.0%
1860 13,015 30.0%
1870 15,633 20.1%
1880 20,129 28.8%
1890 20,057 −0.4%
1900 20,590 2.7%
1910 19,902 −3.3%
1920 19,662 −1.2%
1930 20,253 3.0%
1940 21,811 7.7%
1950 22,300 2.2%
1960 26,454 18.6%
1970 28,318 7.0%
1980 33,004 16.5%
1990 37,068 12.3%
2000 40,213 8.5%
2010 43,435 8.0%
Est. 2016 43,419 [14] 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
1790-1960[16] 1900-1990[17]
1990-2000[18] 2010-2013[4]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 40,213 people, 13,672 households, and 10,035 families residing in the county. The population density was 86 people per square mile (33/km²). There were 14,399 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.75% White, 6.24% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,672 households out of which 35.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 32.80% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 117.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,212, and the median income for a family was $50,520. Males had a median income of $35,251 versus $26,119 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,721. About 6.20% of families and 7.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 43,435 people, 14,734 households, and 10,580 families residing in the county.[20] The population density was 93.2 inhabitants per square mile (36.0/km2). There were 15,939 housing units at an average density of 34.2 per square mile (13.2/km2).[21] The racial makeup of the county was 90.6% white, 6.6% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population.[20] In terms of ancestry, 32.0% were German, 16.5% were Irish, 14.5% were American, and 9.6% were English.[22]

Of the 14,734 households, 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.2% were non-families, and 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age was 39.1 years.[20]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,533 and the median income for a family was $63,397. Males had a median income of $46,550 versus $33,193 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,980. About 8.9% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.[23]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[24]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 66.8% 11,631 27.4% 4,779 5.8% 1,011
2012 58.9% 10,342 39.0% 6,845 2.1% 370
2008 60.6% 10,606 37.3% 6,532 2.1% 372
2004 63.9% 11,117 35.7% 6,203 0.5% 78
2000 60.6% 8,892 36.1% 5,287 3.3% 488
1996 51.2% 6,871 37.8% 5,072 11.0% 1,478
1992 48.8% 6,865 28.4% 3,998 22.8% 3,208
1988 70.3% 8,303 29.0% 3,421 0.8% 93
1984 74.9% 8,979 24.4% 2,928 0.7% 80
1980 63.1% 7,166 31.4% 3,565 5.5% 619
1976 58.2% 7,074 40.2% 4,885 1.7% 202
1972 75.7% 8,372 22.5% 2,484 1.9% 208
1968 57.2% 5,882 27.0% 2,780 15.9% 1,631
1964 48.4% 4,945 51.6% 5,264
1960 66.4% 7,256 33.6% 3,677
1956 69.3% 6,483 30.7% 2,875
1952 66.4% 6,279 33.6% 3,177
1948 58.4% 4,730 41.5% 3,356 0.1% 8
1944 62.2% 5,546 37.8% 3,374
1940 57.4% 5,904 42.7% 4,390
1936 47.8% 4,843 51.2% 5,184 1.0% 103
1932 49.1% 4,631 50.1% 4,722 0.8% 73
1928 68.1% 5,522 31.2% 2,527 0.7% 56
1924 62.0% 4,829 34.5% 2,685 3.6% 278
1920 58.8% 5,397 41.0% 3,769 0.2% 19
1916 50.9% 2,809 48.4% 2,667 0.7% 40
1912 43.4% 2,271 41.5% 2,172 15.2% 793
1908 54.9% 3,051 43.8% 2,430 1.3% 73
1904 59.1% 3,164 39.3% 2,103 1.7% 89
1900 55.6% 3,197 43.3% 2,493 1.1% 62
1896 54.0% 3,308 44.9% 2,751 1.1% 66
1892 50.9% 2,594 45.0% 2,292 4.1% 207
1888 50.7% 2,708 44.5% 2,376 4.8% 256
1884 52.3% 2,706 46.2% 2,391 1.5% 79
1880 53.1% 2,680 45.7% 2,305 1.3% 63
1876 50.2% 2,191 49.2% 2,145 0.6% 25
1872 54.3% 1,934 45.6% 1,625 0.2% 6

Libraries[edit]

The following libraries serve the communities of Madison County.

Communities[edit]

Map of Madison County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Madison County Online Services". Madison County, Ohio. Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  2. ^ Williams, James (1887). The revised statutes of the state of Ohio, Volume 3. The Wrighton Printing Company. p. 583. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 196. 
  4. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "Madison County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  7. ^ "AGGRESSIVE DRIVING: 20mph+ Over the Speed Limit", Ohio State Highway Patrol, Traffic Safety Bulletin, Feb 13, 2008. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2008-02-17. , retrieved 2008-02-17
  8. ^ U.S. Census Quick Facts : Madison County, Ohio "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2011-07-06. , retrieved 2008-02-17
  9. ^ "Madison County Fatal Crashes, 2006-2008", Ohio State Highway Patrol, "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2008-02-17. , retrieved 2008-02-17
  10. ^ "No radar needed in Ohio", Motor Trend [1], retrieved 2011-05-25
  11. ^ a b Thomas Baldwin & J. Thomas, A new and complete gazetteer of the United States, Lippincott, Grambo & Co, 1854, Pg. 643
  12. ^ Stella Shoemaker Wilson, Ohio, Macmillan, 1902, Pg. 97
  13. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  17. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  21. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  22. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  23. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  24. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°54′N 83°24′W / 39.90°N 83.40°W / 39.90; -83.40