Madison County, Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the county formed in 1792. For the county formed in 1785 which is now part of Kentucky, see Madison County, Kentucky.
Madison County, Virginia
Madison County Courthouse (Built 1829), Madison, Virginia.jpg
Madison County Courthouse, built 1829
Map of Virginia highlighting Madison County
Location in the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1792
Named for Madison family
Seat Madison
Largest town Madison
 • Total 322 sq mi (834 km2)
 • Land 321 sq mi (831 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 13,099
 • Density 41/sq mi (16/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Madison County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,308.[1] Its county seat is Madison.[2]


Madison County was established in December 1792, created from Culpeper County.[3] The county is named for the Madison family that owned land along the Rapidan River. President James Madison is a descendant of that family.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 322 square miles (830 km2), of which 321 square miles (830 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.4%) is water.[4]

A significant portion of western Madison County is within Shenandoah National Park, including Old Rag, one of its most popular tourist destinations, and Rapidan Camp, the presidential retreat built by Herbert Hoover.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Major highways[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 8,322
1810 8,381 0.7%
1820 8,490 1.3%
1830 9,236 8.8%
1840 8,107 −12.2%
1850 9,331 15.1%
1860 8,854 −5.1%
1870 8,670 −2.1%
1880 10,562 21.8%
1890 10,225 −3.2%
1900 10,216 −0.1%
1910 10,055 −1.6%
1920 9,595 −4.6%
1930 8,952 −6.7%
1940 8,465 −5.4%
1950 8,273 −2.3%
1960 8,187 −1.0%
1970 8,638 5.5%
1980 10,232 18.5%
1990 11,949 16.8%
2000 12,520 4.8%
2010 13,308 6.3%
Est. 2016 13,099 [5] −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2015[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 12,520 people, 4,739 households, and 3,521 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 5,239 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.71% White, 11.41% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 0.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,739 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.70% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.60 males. There are more cows in Madison County than people.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,856, and the median income for a family was $44,857. Males had a median income of $30,805 versus $24,384 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,636. About 6.90% of families and 9.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 10.20% of those age 65 or over.


Madison County Public Schools has around 2000 students in four schools. Madison Primary School has grades K-2 and has around 370 students. Waverly Yowell Elementary School has grades 3–5 and around 410 students. William Wetsel Middle School has grades 6–8 and around 415 students. Madison County High School has grades 9–12 and has around 665 students. All statistics based on 2007–2008 VA DOE statistics. It is also home to Woodberry Forest School, a private, all-male boarding school.

Madison County High School[edit]

Madison County High School is the county's only High School. Grades 9–12 attend MCHS. The total number of students at MCHS was 584 for 2013–2014.[11] Madison County's nickname is the Mountaineers and have two main logos. One is an inked drawing of a Mountaineer standing on a mountain. In the background, a caravan of people and covered wagons can be seen being led by the Mountaineer. The second main logo is a "M" with a "C" offset and connected to it standing for Madison County, the name of both the county and high school. The colors are blue and white. MCHS fields athletic teams in football, basketball, soccer, volleyball, wrestling, track, cross country, golf, baseball and softball. Swimming was added as a sport in 2011. Cheerleading teams are also fielded for football and basketball games. Madison is home to the 2012 Group A, Division 1 state champions in Forensics.

MCHS also excels at academics. MCHS has won the Wells Fargo Cup for academic excellence 13 times over the last 14 years. Forensics, along with the MAHI, the yearbook, which is produced each year, is accounted for in the Wachovia Cup, as well as the newspaper, literary magazine, theatre presentations, scholastic bowl competitions, and creative writing samples. MCHS also offers AP courses and dual enrollment courses through Germanna Community College. MCHS has full accreditation from the Virginia Department of Education with Virginia Standards of Learning passing rates ranging from 94 percent on the history to 86 percent on the science. MCHS graduates more than 90% of its students per year.

The award winning MCHS Band is a five-time Virginia Honor Band as of 2012. These include the 2003–2004, 2005–2006, 2006–2007, 2009–2010, and 2011–2012. The Drumline is considered one of the foremost in the world.[citation needed] The Band has performed up and down the east coast in states including New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Maryland, and Florida. Their most notable performances include, The 2004 Memorial Day Parade in Washington, D.C. as the only band from the state of Virginia, performing for the "World" in Disney's Magic Kingdom, and in 2006 as one of two bands representing the state of Virginia in the Independence Day Parade in Washington, D.C. The 2006–2007 year is most notable for the band receiving a superior rating at every competitive and adjudicated event in which they attended.



Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Virginia Population Estimates". Weldon Cooper Center for Public Center at the University of Virginia. Retrieved February 12, 2016. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ VA Dept of Education. "School Report Card". VA State Govt. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°25′N 78°17′W / 38.41°N 78.28°W / 38.41; -78.28