Madisonville Town Hall
Location of Madisonville in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
|• Mayor||Jean Pelloat|
|• Total||2.52 sq mi (6.51 km2)|
|• Land||2.49 sq mi (6.46 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)|
|Elevation||7 ft (2 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||334.80/sq mi (129.29/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
Madisonville is a town in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 748 at the 2010 census. It is part of the New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner Metropolitan Statistical Area. The ZIP code is 70447.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.51 square miles (6.51 km2), of which 2.49 square miles (6.46 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.86%, is water.
Madisonville was founded by Jean Baptiste Baham in 1800, before the United States acquired this area, as the town of Coquille or Cokie because of the abundance of shells in the area, at the site of the Native American village of Chiconcte. The town was renamed in honor of President James Madison circa 1811.
Madisonville was an important port, providing bricks and other products of the towns along the Tchefuncte River to New Orleans, in the decades before the Civil War. After the Union capture of New Orleans, this area remained under nominal Confederate control; and the cutoff of trade with New Orleans across "enemy lines" was devastating to the local economy, which did not recover for decades after the peace.
Much of the town flooded with the Lake Pontchartrain storm surge of Hurricane Katrina, on August 29, 2005. The police/fire station and the town hall were damaged by the flood waters. The town flooded again in 2012 during Hurricane Isaac. Town buildings were again repaired but the police station was moved to an historic building at the intersection of Covington, St. John and Cedar Streets. The fire station later moved to a new building on Hwy. 22 just west of the town center.
Frederick (Fritz) Jahncke emigrated to New Orleans from Hamburg, Germany in 1870. After working as a mason, he started a business that built the first sidewalks in New Orleans. Jahncke expanded; using a rented steam-driven hydraulic suction dredge, his firm was the first to extract sand and shell from the Tchefuncte and other rivers to make concrete used in expanding New Orleans.
Jahncke purchased a half interest in the Baham Shipyard, entering into shipbuilding. In 1905 he purchased the remaining interest, acquiring land for yards, as well as warehouses, docks, storage facilities and equipment. He died in 1911 and the company passed to Ernest Lee, Paul F. and Walter F. Jahncke. In 1917, the company started building five wooden ships for the US Navy for World War I. Two ships were completed – the SS Bayou Teche, which was launched in March 1918, and the SS Balabac on September 29, 1918. The war ended November 11, 1918, and three of the ships were not completed. The SS Abbeville was completed on January 19, 1919, and the SS Pontchartrain on April 6, 1919. The last ship was hauled across the river and burned. Part of the hull is still visible at low tide.
Ponchartrain Basin Maritime Museum
Madisonville hosts the Lake Pontchartrain Basin Maritime Museum, which puts on the Wooden Boat Festival each fall.
The Tchefuncte River Lighthouse is owned by the Town of Madisonville and is operated by the Lake Pontchartrain Basin Maritime Museum with a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services and the Southeastern Museum Conference, a gift from the Southeastern Louisiana University Development Fund that included live-streaming security cameras and on-site information about lake levels and wind and wave action by the Department of Computer Science, as well as contributions from private groups and individuals. The Tchefuncte River Lighthouse was placed on the National Register of Historic Places July 14, 1986. It is only accessible by boat. The lighthouse keepers cottage was removed to the grounds of the maritime museum where it remains.
Government and politics
John Neely Kennedy, United States Senator from Louisiana, is a resident of Madisonville.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 677 people, 302 households, and 186 families residing in the town. The population density was 277.0 people per square mile (107.1/km²). There were 346 housing units at an average density of 141.6 per square mile (54.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 85.67% White, 10.04% Black, 0.74% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 1.77% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.51% of the population.
There were 302 households out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.81.
In the town, the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $50,625, and the median income for a family was $57,083. Males had a median income of $41,042 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,114. About 4.5% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.
St. Tammany Parish Public Schools operates public schools:
- Madisonville Elementary School (PreK-1)
- Lancaster Elementary School (2-5)
- Madisonville Junior High School
- Mandeville High School
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Madisonville, Louisiana.|
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Madisonville town, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Madisonville town, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. "Madisonville Historical Marker".
- Jahncke shipyard Retrieved 2017-01-06.
- Lake Pontchartrain Basin Maritime Museum site, accessed 29 September 2015.
- Lighthouse funding- Retrieved 2017-01- 06
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- American FactFinder; census.gov
- Brenda Brown Finnegan, Lighthouse Digest.
- Madisonville Elementary Boundary. St. Tammany Parish Public Schools. Retrieved on July 7, 2018.
- Lancaster Elementary Boundary. St. Tammany Parish Public Schools. Retrieved on July 7, 2018.
- Madisonville Junior High Boundary. St. Tammany Parish Public Schools. Retrieved on July 7, 2018.
- Mandeville High Boundary. St. Tammany Parish Public Schools. Retrieved on July 7, 2018.